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absorption cooler

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 124 words.

An air-source *heat pump (ASHP) that uses heat rather than electricity to drive it. In a water and lithium bromide cooler, for example, water at low pressure in an evaporator evaporates and...

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absorptivity

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.

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AC

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.

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accelerator induced transmutation

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 6 words.

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ach

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 7 words.

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acid rain

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 80 words.

Rain containing high levels of sulphuric and nitric acid, caused by sulphur dioxide and nitric oxides, which are emitted in the combustion of ...

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actinides

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.

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AD

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.

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adaptation

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 46 words.

The actions taken to reduce the adverse effects of *climate change. Examples of adaptation are raising coastal defences to reduce the risk of flooding from sea-level rise; selecting crops...

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adiabatic

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 76 words.

Relating to a process in which there is no heat transfer between the system and its surroundings. It is an idealization, but often a useful simplifying assumption to make when modelling a...

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aerofoil

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 3 words.

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aerosols

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 4 words.

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agriculture–energy nexus

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.

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air changes per hour

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 9 words.

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air conditioning

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 117 words.

The process of maintaining a space at a desired temperature and humidity. Usually cooling is implied and typically this is achieved through the use of ...

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air mass

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 131 words.

When the optical path length L through the atmosphere for solar radiation incident at an angle θ N is such that ...

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air-capture

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 3 words.

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air-source heat pump

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 9 words.

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airtightness ((building))

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 56 words.

Airtightness is measured by the number of air changes per hour (ach) that occur when there is a differential pressure of 50 pascals between outside and inside the house. If an air volume...

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albedo

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 27 words.

The fraction of the Sun’s radiation reaching something—for example a cloud, or a whole planet—that is reflected. The Earth’s albedo is close to 30 per cent....

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