Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 75 items for:

Human Behaviour and the Social Environment x clear all

Ageism and Retirement

Lynn McDonald.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Public and Nonprofit Management; Care of the Elderly; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Social Work Practice Settings; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 9366 words.

Retirement is a modest social institution that appeared in most industrialized nations near the start of the 20th century. The aim of retirement was to solve the societal dilemma of an...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Alcohol and Drug Problems: Prevention

Flavio F. Marsiglia, David Becerra and Jaime M. Booth.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Addictions and Substance Misuse; Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Mental and Behavioural Health; Social Policy and Advocacy. 5571 words.

Prevention is a proactive science-based process that aims to strengthen existing protective factors and to diminish or eliminate other factors that put individuals, families, and...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Asian Americans: South Asians

Brij Mohan.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Social Work Practice Settings; Race and Ethnicity. 1771 words.

This entry briefly profiles the dynamic fusion, fluidity, and future of South Asians in America. While Diaspora India is emblematic of immigrant culture as a whole, South Asian duality...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Attachment Research, Developmental Implications, and Clinical Interventions with Children, Adults, and Couples

Shoshana Ringel.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Social Work; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 9261 words.

This review summarizes contributions to attachment theory and research by John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth, Mary Main, and many other researchers. It addresses contributions from the Adult...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Bisexuality

Laura S. Abrams.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 1118 words.

This entry explores past and present social-scientific lenses concerning bisexuality. The author traces the rise of a bisexual movement in the 1970s to present times. The entry concludes by...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Bullying in Youth

Jonathan Singer and Karen Slovak.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Social Work; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Mental and Behavioural Health; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice. 8303 words.

Bullying is the most common form of violence in schools and has been shown to disrupt the emotional and social development of both the targets and the perpetrators of bullying (Raskauskas &...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Chaos Theory and Complexity Theory

Keith Warren.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Social Work Macro Practice; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice. 4621 words.

Chaos theory and complexity theory, collectively known as nonlinear dynamics or dynamical systems theory, provide a mathematical framework for thinking about change over time. Chaos theory...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Client Violence

Christina E. Newhill.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Mental and Behavioural Health; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 3341 words.

Client violence and workplace safety are relevant issues for all social workers across practice settings. This entry addresses why and how social workers may be targets for a client's...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Cognition and Social Cognitive Theory

Paula S. Nurius.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 4255 words.

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Community Healing and Reconciliation

Joshua Kirven and George Jacinto.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Mental and Behavioural Health. 11144 words.

Community healing and reconciliation have been a focus of many nations in response to civil war, genocide, and other conflicts. There have been increasing numbers of high-profile murders of...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Community Violence

Neil B. Guterman and Muhammad Haj-Yahia.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Social Work Macro Practice. 3319 words.

Community violence represents a widespread concern receiving increasing attention by social workers. This article considers the problem of community violence and our present understanding...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Conflict Resolution

Bernard Mayer.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 4022 words.

Conflict resolution is a core competency for social workers, and social workers have contributed greatly to this thriving field. Conflict resolution as a field of practice includes...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Congregational Social Work

Gaynor Yancey and Diana R. Garland.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Sociology of Religion. 9264 words.

The social work profession has deep roots in religious practices and organizations. Congregations have served as viable contexts for social work practice from the very beginnings of the...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Contexts/Settings: Corporate Settings

David Stoesz.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Public and Nonprofit Management; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Social Work Macro Practice; Social Work Practice Settings. 1494 words.

Human service corporations provide opportunities that social workers are just beginning to recognize. Although the commercial provision of services has negative features, expansion of the...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Crime and Criminal Behavior

Margaret E. Severson.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 5209 words.

This entry includes contemporary definitions of crime, theoretical ideas about the etiology of criminal behavior, and information about the methods used to estimate crime rates in the...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Domestic Violence in the LGBT Community

Betty Jo Barrett.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Couple and Family Social Work; Criminal Justice; Gender and Sexuality; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 16847 words.

Since the mid 1980s, a growing body of theoretical and empirical literature has examined the existence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Early Brain Development for Social Work Practice

Terri Combs-Orme.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Social Work; Developmental and Physical Disabilities Social Work; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Mental and Behavioural Health. 12601 words.

Development of the brain in the first 3 years of life is genetically programmed but occurs in response to environmental stimuli. The brain is organized “from the bottom up,” that is, from...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Ecological Framework

Alex Gitterman, Carel B. Germain and Carolyn Knight.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Race and Ethnicity. 5574 words.

Ecological concepts and principles enable social workers to keep a simultaneous focus on people and their environments and their reciprocal relationships, not only in direct practice with...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Ecological Social Work

Uschi Bay.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; International and Global Issues in Social Work; Social Policy and Advocacy; Race and Ethnicity. 7255 words.

Ecological social work requires a shift in thinking for social workers because it does not place humans at the center of its concerns. Rather ecological social work puts the...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Environment

Fred H. Besthorn.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 4159 words.

The earth's climatic and environmental conditions appear to be going through rapid and dramatic changes. Social work has traditionally distinguished itself by claiming a particular focus on...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract