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Child Marriage in the United States

Aditi Wahi-Singh and Kristen Zaleski.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 6259 words.

According to the United Nations, child marriage often is a result of gender bias and discrimination by families that choose boys over girls to pursue education. Advocates argue that early...

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Coping with Loneliness

Dawn Joosten-Hagye and Anne Katz.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 5549 words.

This chapter examines loneliness and how it affects health and well-being. It discusses how loneliness may lead to ill health but also how ill health may lead to feelings of loneliness. It...

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Dating Violence in China

Xiying Wang.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 7747 words.

Dating violence is aggressive behavior that occurs in intimate dating relationships; it includes physical assault, verbal and psychological aggression, and sexual coercion. This chapter...

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Domestic Violence in Kyrgyzstan

Saltanat Childress, Elizabeth M. Aparicio and Jill T. Messing.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 8688 words.

This chapter is based on the stories of 16 women residing in a domestic violence shelter in Kyrgyzstan. It examines the experiences of these women with regard to domestic violence and...

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Female Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence in China

Ming Luo and Tuen Yi Chiu.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 8636 words.

Employing a transnational feminist approach of intersectionality, this chapter uses China as a case in point to discuss how systems of the state, culture, family, and gender intersect to...

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Global Violence of Women in Cults

Doni Whitsett and Natasha Post Rosow.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 12642 words.

This chapter focuses on the experiences of women in high demand groups, also known as “cults.” Despite the chapter’s regional focus on North America, particularly the United States, this is...

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The Honor Killing of Qandeel Baloch

Sarah Ahmed.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 5143 words.

Qandeel Baloch, a controversial Pakistani social media star, was killed by her brother in 2016 in the name of “honor.” Using Qandeel’s honor killing as a case study, this chapter analyzes...

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Inequity Embodied

Tyan Parker Dominguez.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 8283 words.

This chapter examines African American women’s disproportionate risk of low birth weight, preterm delivery, and infant and maternal mortality, and the ways in which race, gender, and class...

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Leave Me Alone

Nirmala Prakash, Melissa Indera Singh, Jennifer Prevot, Stephanie Gopie, Jade Vorster and Peter Averkiou.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 6111 words.

This chapter analyzes violence against women (VAW) and intimate partner violence (IPV) using contextual factors of intersectionality and familial, political, and sociocultural paradigms as...

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Non-Consensual Image Sharing

Jessica Klein and Kristen Zaleski.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 5715 words.

Non-consensual image sharing is a 21st-century concern at the intersection of some of the most difficult challenges of our time: sexual trauma, victims’ rights, internet privacy, and free...

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Peacebuilding and Gender Inclusivity

Adrineh Gregorian.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 7081 words.

The work of women’s groups and organizations in conflict zones is underestimated and underresourced, yet these groups continue to be a voice of the marginalized. By examining the case of...

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Public Meets Private

Ana Lopez, Michelle Greene, Terri Minniear and Annalisa Enrile.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 5627 words.

Japan is a conservative shame-based collectivist culture. Abuse of girls has been overt since the 1980s. In particular, fetishes such as the “schoolgirl” obsession plague the country....

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Rape as a Weapon of War in Myanmar/Burma

Annalise Oatman and Kate Majewski.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 9491 words.

This chapter examines the conflict in Myanmar and its historical development as an example of the way that rape is wielded as a weapon of war. It also provides a discussion of advocacy for...

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Refugee Mothers Raising Children Born of Sexual Violence in Dutch Society

Kimberley Anderson and Elisa van Ee.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 8307 words.

The physical and psychological repercussions of conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) against women are long-lasting and far-reaching, and it is by no accident that CRSV is now widely...

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Repressive Policies and Women’s Reproductive Choices in Poland

Wanda Nowicka and Joanna Regulska.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 10303 words.

This chapter reviews the history of women’s reproductive rights in Poland, starting with early 20th-century mobilizations, the de facto legalization of abortion during the communist era,...

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Rural Girls’ Educational Empowerment in Urbanizing China

Vilma Seeberg, Ya Na, Yu Li and Debra L. Clark.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 9220 words.

Secondary schooling may empower rural girls migrating to the cities in China to control resources, improve family well-being intergenerationally, and become leaders in their communities....

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Sexual Assault on College Campuses in the United States

Audrey Brammer, Kristen Zaleski and Cary Klemmer.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 9108 words.

Sexual assault on college campuses is a global issue, with women’s victimization rates ranging from 13.8% in Nigeria to 77.6% in Turkey. Although the vast majority of studies on this...

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Stepping Forward, Standing Strong

Annalisa Enrile and Dorotea Mendoza.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 6859 words.

The term human rights defenders was coined after the ratification of the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights in 1998. The term encompasses those who identify and act as advocates,...

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The US Military–Prostitution Complex, Patriarchy, and Masculinity

Eugenia L. Weiss and Annalisa Enrile.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 8449 words.

The US military–prostitution complex is a form of institutionalized sexual exploitation of women around American bases located worldwide. From the historical World War II “comfort women” in...

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Women and Climate Change

Laura McKinney and Arianna King.

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century

November 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Organizations; Community Development; Social Work and Crime and Justice. 8093 words.

Abstract: This chapter aims to contribute to discussions concerning the global oppression of women by highlighting the ways in which the status of women intersects with climate change...

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