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Achalasia

Mike Stanton.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 266 words.

This chapter covers achalasia including discussion of the incidence, presenting features, differential diagnosis, investigation, and management.

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Acute abdominal pain

Mark Beattie and Mike Stanton.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 907 words.

This chapter discusses the assessment, differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. Appendicitis and intussusception are discussed in detail.

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Acute gastroenteritis

Anthony Wiskin.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 2373 words.

This chapter covers acute gastroenteritis. It includes sections on aetiology, clinical features, differential diagnosis, assessment, management, and complications. It is practically focused...

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Acute liver failure

Naresh P Shanmugam and Sanjay Bansal.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 3704 words.

The chapter on acute liver failure includes the definition, aetiology, and management of this condition. It discusses the frequently associated complications (neurological, haemodynamic,...

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Alagille syndrome

Alastair Baker.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 1447 words.

The chapter on Alagille syndrome covers the genetics and pathogenesis as well as the features and clinical presentation of this syndrome. It also discusses the complications as well as the...

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Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency

Dino Hadzic.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 813 words.

The chapter on alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency describes the genetics and the pathogenesis of this disorder as well as the clinical features of the homozygous PiZ alpha-1 antitrypsin...

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Autoimmune liver disease

Giorgina Vergani and Marianne Samyn.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 1248 words.

The chapter on autoimmune liver disease describes the features of the various types of autoimmune liver disease as well as the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, co-morbidities, and...

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Bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections of the liver

Anita Verma.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 2831 words.

The chapter on infections of the liver focuses on bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections that may affect the organ. It includes liver abscess, cholangitis, spirochaetal, rickettsial,...

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Bacterial overgrowth

Mark Beattie.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 501 words.

This chapter discusses the aetiology, clinical features, assessment, and management of bacterial overgrowth.

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Biliary atresia

Dino Hadzic.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 834 words.

The chapter on biliary atresia describes the pathophysiology and the various types of the condition, as well as the diagnosis, management, and common complications.

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Breastfeeding

John Puntis.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 1656 words.

Breastfeeding has many benefits to both mother and infant and the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life. Correct positioning of...

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Carbohydrate intolerance

John Puntis.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 1515 words.

Symptoms such as watery diarrhoea, wind, and abdominal cramps should raise the possibility of carbohydrate intolerance. Lactose maldigestion is the most common cause and can be transient,...

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Chronic constipation

Mark Beattie.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 3886 words.

Chronic functional constipation is a common problem in childhood. Without early treatment, the condition is likely to impact all aspects of the child’s life, including education and...

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Chronic diarrhoea

Anthony Wiskin and Mark Beattie.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 1996 words.

This chapter discusses the investigation and management of chronic diarrhoea including common and rarer causes. The aetiology, assessment, and management are discussed in detail.

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Coeliac disease

Akshay Batra.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 2608 words.

The prevalence of coeliac disease is over 1% in the general population and higher in high-risk groups. The chapter discusses the clinical features, associated conditions, different...

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Complications of chronic liver disease

Naresh P Shanmugam and Dharam Basude.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 3011 words.

The chapter on complications of chronic liver disease gives an overview of the definition, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of the various complications that accompany chronic...

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Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract

Mike Stanton.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 2283 words.

This chapter covers the common congenital abnormalities. This includes detailed discussion of the gut development. Conditions covered include gastroschisis, exomphalos, malrotation,...

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Crohn’s disease

Akshay Batra and Mark Beattie.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 3601 words.

The chapter describes the presentation, diagnosis, and clinical course of paediatric Crohn’s disease. Different treatment options, both medical and surgical, are covered in detail.

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Cyclical vomiting syndrome

Mark Beattie.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 723 words.

This chapter covers cyclical vomiting syndrome (includes discussion of cyclical vomiting syndrome plus). There are sections on the clinical features, triggers, investigation, and management...

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Cystic fibrosis-associated liver disease

Eirini Kyrana and Anil Dhawan.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 831 words.

The chapter on cystic fibrosis-associated liver disease discusses the pathophysiology and clinical features of this condition. In addition it covers diagnosis, including liver biopsy,...

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