Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 101 items for:

Public Health and Epidemiology x Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology x clear all

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

Air pollution, mortality, and the need for public health policy

Frank J Kelly.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1158 words.

Background: Recent studies have reported associations between particulate air pollution and daily mortality rates. Population-based, cross-sectional studies of metropolitan areas in the...

Go to »  abstract

Allergen avoidance: the Isle of Wight study

Sandra Kuiper and Constant P van Schayck.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1719 words.

There is much evidence that the development of allergic disorders may be related to early exposure of allergens, including those in breastmilk. We have tried to find out whether avoidance...

Go to »  abstract

Allergic reactions to colloid infusions—another chapter in the colloid debate

Jasmeet Soar.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1308 words.

All available colloid volume substitutes carry the risk of anaphylactoid reactions. In a multicentre prospective trial, 69 cases of anaphylactoid reactions have been observed among 200,906...

Go to »  abstract

Anatomy of the asthmatic bronchi

Paul O’Byrne.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1075 words.

The quantitative anatomy of the bronchi has been studied in sudden deaths in normal subjects, in deaths from status asthmaticus and chronic bronchitis, and in patients with emphysema. In...

Go to »  abstract

Ancient Egyptian soup for treating asthma: Cox and Intal

Anant Parekh.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1021 words.

Chromone derivatives exhibiting unusual biological activity have been studied in these laboratories for several years. One of these, disodium cromoglycate (FLP670), has been found to...

Go to »  abstract

and what about angioedema and urticaria?

Mike Ardern-Jones.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1342 words.

In this paper I shall present instances in which eczema, urticaria and angioneurotic edema were produced by proteins which are not foods, but with which persons intimately come in contact...

Go to »  abstract

Anti-IgE: biologicals reach the inner cities

Ulrich Wahn.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 866 words.

Background: Research has underscored the effects of exposure and sensitization to allergens on the severity of asthma in inner-city children. It has also revealed the limitations of...

Go to »  abstract

Atopic asthma is a TH2-cell-mediated disease

David Ahern.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1328 words.

Background: In atopic asthma, activated T helper lymphocytes are present in bronchial-biopsy specimens and bronchoalveolar-lavage (BAL) fluid, and their production of cytokines may be...

Go to »  abstract

Auto-immune mechanisms in chronic urticaria

Young Min Ye and Hae-Sim Park.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1147 words.

Background: Most urticarias are induced by vasoactive mediators such as histamine released from mast cells. Although mast cells are activated by allergens through cross-linking of...

Go to »  abstract

Bovet’s Nobel Prize-winning discovery of antihistamines

Martin K Church and Marcus Maurer.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1057 words.

We searched systematically for the existence of histamine antagonists, thinking that this study would provide a new way to address more points in the physiology of this hormone, and would...

Go to »  abstract

Burnet, clonal selection theory, and acquired immunological tolerance

Sarah Howie.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1056 words.

Medicine has been the mother of all the biological sciences. There are many reasons for this, but one of them is specially relevant to my present topic. It is simply that while the body...

Go to »  abstract

Celebrating the case study: Schloss’ description of atopic dermatitis

Torsten Zuberbier.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1888 words.

The idiosyncrasy of certain individuals to common foods has been recognized for many years, but until recently our knowledge has depended mainly on isolated clinical observations, and the...

Go to »  abstract

Challenging notions of the ‘atopic personality’

Thomas Ruzicka and Andreas Wollenberg.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1345 words.

There has been much debate in the past on whether there exists a characteristic atopic personality. . . . In the South Teesside Department of Dermatology one clinician has kept the...

Go to »  abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma

Jeroen Douwes, Marike Boezen and Neil Pearce.

in Oxford Textbook of Public Health

September 2009; p ublished online March 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Public Health. 22965 words.

In this chapter, we will describe definitions of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma, possible mechanisms, time trends, and population patterns of prevalence, and...

Go to »  abstract

Cooke’s early insights into the potentially curative role of immunotherapy for hay fever

Anthony J Frew and Helen E Smith.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1111 words.

Hay Fever and Hay Asthma. While the recognition of protein sensitization in the human is undoubtedly an advance, we still have no conception of the reason why or how a certain group of...

Go to »  abstract

Could two very different conditions share a similar pathophysiology?

Brian Hurwitz.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1544 words.

Asthma is a term which has been applied to various conditions associated with dyspnoea – hence the names cardiac and renal asthma – but its use should be limited to the affection known as...

Go to »  abstract

The dawn of molecular allergology

Hannah Gould.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1183 words.

Studies of the nature of the antibodies associated with isologous skin sensitizing activity have indicated the presence of a previously unrecognized immunoglobulin in human serum. The...

Go to »  abstract

Dawn of the genomic age for asthma

Ian M Adcock.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1723 words.

Asthma is a common respiratory disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of coughing, wheezing and breathlessness. Although environmental factors such as allergen exposure are risk...

Go to »  abstract

Delayed hypersensitivity to pollen allergens

Tom Platts-Mills.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1314 words.

Pollen-induced lymphocyte transformation in hay-fever subjects with clinical immediate hypersensitivity reflects the presence of a sensitised thymus-dependent cell population, which also...

Go to »  abstract

Demonstrating serological changes induced by ragweed extract

N Franklin Adkinson Jr.

in Landmark Papers in Allergy

February 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Immunology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 724 words.

A previous publication has shown that injections of ragweed extract produced certain serum changes in ragweed sensitive patients. . . . It seemed theoretically possible that these...

Go to »  abstract