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You are looking at 1-20 of 53 items for:

Public Health and Epidemiology x Obstetrics and Gynaecology x clear all

Adolescent HIV and infection

Rashida Ferrand.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2389 words.

Infectious diseases remain the leading cause of death in adolescents despite the improvements in public health that have occurred in the past decades. While mortality rates from infections...

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Adolescent injuries

Qingfeng Li and Adnan A Hyder.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2497 words.

Injuries are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity for children 10–19 years old globally. Low and middle-income countries account for a burden of injuries disproportionate to their...

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Adolescent mental health

Kelly Clarke, Sílvia Shikanai Yasuda and Atif Rahman.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2405 words.

Adolescent mental health disorders have serious health and socioeconomic consequences and may persist into adulthood and affect future generations. They account for four of the top ten...

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Adolescent non-communicable diseases

Jacqueline Pitchforth and Dougal Hargreaves.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 3102 words.

Four non-communicable diseases (NCDs): cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory conditions, are responsible for 63% of deaths worldwide. Most of these deaths (86%)...

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Adolescent sexual and reproductive health

Saiqa Mullick, Melanie Pleaner, Mopo Radebe and Chelsea Morroni.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 3533 words.

This chapter provides a high level overview of key sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues in adolescent health with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa. The chapter begins by providing an...

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Advocacy to improve health

Tony Waterston and Delan Devakumar.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 1638 words.

Advocacy is ‘speaking out on behalf of a particular issue, idea, or person’, acting as a catalyst for change. To achieve the targets described in this book requires advocates and champions....

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Agencies and actors in women’s, children’s, and adolescents’ health

Mike Rowson.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2843 words.

This chapter charts the shift from a world dominated by a small number of global health actors—principally the World Health Organization, UNICEF and UNFPA—to a new world where there are...

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Child development and disability

Richard Rosch, Michelle Heys and Hannah Kuper.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2431 words.

Worldwide, many children do not meet their developmental potential. This is particularly the case in LMICs and especially affects children living with disability. Thus, improving...

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Child infection

Mark Lee, Bhanu Williams and Anu Goenka.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 3672 words.

The significant progress in reducing child deaths in the last thirty years has been driven in large part by reductions in deaths attributable to the commonest infections. Yet still,...

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Child injury, maltreatment, and safeguarding

Geoff Debelle, Qingfeng Li and Delan Devakumar.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2769 words.

Child maltreatment and intentional injuries are major public health challenges, incurring huge costs for both individuals and society. Violence is an abuse of power comprising acts of...

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Child nutrition

Marly Cardoso and Jonathan Wells.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2883 words.

The ‘first 1000 days of life’, covering conception to age two, is recognised as a critical period for the growth and development of young children. Evidence suggests that good nutrition in...

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Children in difficult circumstances

Therese Hesketh and Zhou Xudong.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2845 words.

There is no agreed definition for children in difficult circumstances. Generally these are children who live outside the norms of mainstream society, and lack the care and protection of...

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Conflict, disasters, and humanitarian response

Miriam Orcutt, Clare Shortall and Aula Abbara.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2392 words.

With a growing number of people affected by conflict and protracted humanitarian crises worldwide and the increasing frequency of natural disasters, provision of healthcare to the most...

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Congenital disorders

Sowmiya Moorthie.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2257 words.

Congenital disorders encompass a wide range of conditions (e.g. genetic disorders, foetal disease, and developmental disorders) that occur before birth and are an important contributor to...

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Contraception and abortion

Jennifer Hall.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2712 words.

This chapter explains how family planning is key to sexual and reproductive health rights and sustainable development and the significant health, economic, and developmental benefits it has...

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Current challenges and debates for women’s, children’s, and adolescents’ health

David Osrin.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 3163 words.

Tremendous progress has been made in maternal and child survival over the last thirty years. This progress needs to be extended to those left behind, economically, geographically, and...

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Developmental origins of health and disease

Caroline Fall and Kalyanaraman Kumaran.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2161 words.

Sub-optimal nutrition during foetal and infant development is associated with an increased risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in adult life. Animal experiments show that this results...

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Direct maternal deaths

Abi Merriel, Raymond Kanthiti and David Lissauer.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2796 words.

This chapter discusses direct causes of maternal death, which account for nearly three quarters of maternal deaths worldwide. These deaths occur disproportionately in low-resource settings...

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Economic evaluation in global health

Catherine Pitt, Josephine Borghi and Kara Hanson.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2690 words.

This chapter sets out the key steps in undertaking an economic evaluation: framing the study; measuring and valuing the costs and effects of the chosen interventions; and key elements...

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The environment and health

Nicholas Watts.

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

December 2018; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 3074 words.

Modifiable environmental factors are at the centre of over 23% of global deaths every year. The impact on human health is projected to worsen substantially in the coming years, with the...

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