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Public Health and Epidemiology x Science and Mathematics x Environmental Science x clear all

abatement

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Environmental Science.

Reduction or preferably elimination of public health hazards or nuisances such as environmental pollutants, noxious smells, excessive noise. Abatement is often an important activity in...

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acid aerosol

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Environmental Science.

Acidic liquid or solid particles small enough to become airborne. High concentrations can irritate the lungs and have been associated with respiratory diseases like asthma.

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adjustment

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Environmental Science.

Change or adaptation within a system that serves to accommodate the factor(s) that are promoting the change and produce a new equilibrium. A system changes when it is forced to, otherwise...

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afterburner

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

Equipment used in an incinerator, in which the exhaust gases are passed through a burner to remove smoke and odours. This helps to completely combust unburned or partially burned carbon...

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Agenda Setting and Natural Hazards

Rob A. DeLeo.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Climate Change; Environmental Politics; Epidemiology. 7719 words.

Agenda setting describes the process through which issues are selected for consideration by a decision-making body. Among the myriad of issues policymakers can consider, few are more vexing...

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agglomerate

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

A collection of solid particles that adhere to one another, or a substance that aggregates into an ill-defined clump.

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agro-ecosystem

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Environmental Science.

An agricultural system viewed as an ecosystem or open system, where the objective is sustainable management of the interrelationships between system components (including crops, pastures,...

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air emission

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

Release or discharge of a pollutant from a stationary source, such as a furnace stack or agricultural feedlot, or a mobile source, such as the exhaust pipe of an automobile.

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air monitoring

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

A programme of sampling and measuring the pollutants present in the atmosphere at a particular place, on a continuous, regular, or intermittent basis. See also monitoring.

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Air Quality Index

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

An arbitrarily defined scale used by weather forecasters (e.g., in radio and television broadcasts) that assigns a score for air quality, based on the quantity of suspended particulate...

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air quality standard

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

The maximum level of air pollutants (particularly sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, ground level ozone, and airborne particles), defined to protect human health and...

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air sampling

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Environmental Science.

The collection and analysis of samples of air to measure air quality, particularly the concentration of radioactive substances, particulate matter, or chemical pollutants. See also air...

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airshed

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

1 A geographical area that frequently shares the same air because of topography, meteorology, and/or climate.

2 The catchment area (after watershed) for...

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artesian aquifer

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Environmental Science.

An aquifer in which groundwater is confined between two impermeable layers (aquitards), under hydrostatic pressure, which is significantly greater than atmospheric pressure and forces the...

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avoidable risk

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

The risk of disease at some unspecified future period that could be avoided by a specified shift to a more favorable exposure distribution of recognized risks. For example, the risk of...

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bilharzia

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Environmental Science.

A disease in humans caused by an infestation of or an infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma, that is common in the tropics and South East Asia. The symptoms depend on the...

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biological monitoring

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

Measurement of the levels of particular chemicals that are present in biological materials (such as blood or urine) in order to determine whether chemical exposure has occurred. Also known...

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biomass fuel

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Public Health and Epidemiology.

This is vegetable matter such as wood or agricultural waste that is burned as fuel for cooking and heating. It often generates copious amounts of smoke and fumes that can cause indoor and...

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bioterrorism

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Environmental Science.

The unlawful use of biological agents, such as a deadly virus or bacteria, to kill or harm people, animals, or plants. See also biological warfare, biosecurity, terrorism.

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birth cohort

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Environmental Science.

The component of the population born during a specified period, generally a year, sometimes a 5- or 10-year period. The birth year identifies the birth cohort when persons born during a...

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