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Abnormal endothelial vasomotor and secretory function

Thimoteus Speer and Danilo Fliser.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 4646 words.

The endothelium plays a crucial role in the maintenance of vascular integrity and function. Nitric oxide produced by endothelial cells is a key player, inducing relaxation of vascular...

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Acidosis in chronic kidney disease

Muhammad M. Yaqoob.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 2869 words.

Metabolic acidosis becomes increasingly common as chronic kidney disease progresses. It is associated with a number of complications, including bone disease, altered protein synthesis and...

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Acute kidney injury

Greta L. Piper and Lewis J. Kaplan.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Nephrology. 5426 words.

AKI is increasingly common and continues to be associated with significantmorbidity and mortality. Although the understanding of certain etiologies andmechanisms has improved, the general...

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Acute kidney injury and hantavirus disease

Jan Clement.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 8431 words.

Hantavirus disease or at least its renal form, the so-called haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome is the only globally emerging acute kidney injury (AKI) form, and currently without doubt...

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Acute kidney injury and hantavirus disease

Jan Clement.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 9921 words.

Hantavirus disease or at least its renal form, the so-called haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome is the only globally emerging acute kidney injury (AKI) form, and currently without doubt...

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Acute kidney injury in children

Alexander Fichtner and Franz Schaefer.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 12819 words.

In the past few decades, the overall incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in paediatric patients has increased and the aetiological spectrum has shifted from infection-related and...

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Acute kidney injury in heart failure

Dinna N. Cruz, Anna Giuliani and Claudio Ronco.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 6068 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurring during heart failure (HF) has been labelled cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) type 1. CRS is defined as a group of ‘disorders of the heart and kidneys whereby...

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Acute kidney injury in patients with severe burn injury

Nele Brusselaers and Eric A. J. Hoste.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 6269 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in approximately one-quarter of all patients with severe burn injury (as defined by the RIFLE consensus classification), and approximately 3% of paediatric...

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Acute kidney injury in patients with severe burn injury

Nele Brusselaers and Eric A. J. Hoste.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 7889 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in approximately one-quarter of all patients with severe burn injury (as defined by the RIFLE consensus classification), and approximately 3% of paediatric...

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Acute kidney injury in polytrauma and rhabdomyolysis

Mehmet Şükrü Sever and Raymond Vanholder.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 6573 words.

The term ‘polytrauma’ refers to blunt (or crush) trauma that involves multiple body regions or cavities, and compromises physiology to potentially cause dysfunction of uninjured organs....

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Acute kidney injury in polytrauma and rhabdomyolysis

Mehmet Şükrü Sever and Raymond Vanholder.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 6577 words.

The term ‘polytrauma’ refers to blunt (or crush) trauma that involves multiple body regions or cavities, and compromises physiology to potentially cause dysfunction of uninjured organs....

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Acute kidney injury in pregnancy

Duska Dragun and Björn Hegner.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 3015 words.

Any kind of acute renal deterioration that occurs in young women may, besides typical pregnancy-related disorders, account for pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (PR-AKI). Incidence of...

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Acute kidney injury in pregnancy

Duska Dragun and Björn Hegner.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 4805 words.

Any kind of acute renal deterioration that occurs in young women may, besides typical pregnancy-related disorders, account for pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (PR-AKI). Incidence of...

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Acute kidney injury in pregnancy

Kate Wiles and Catherine Nelson-Piercy.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 3788 words.

The diagnosis of acute kidney injury in pregnancy is complicated by physiological changes to both kidney and circulation; although a serum creatinine of higher than 90 μ‎‎‎mol/L is...

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Acute kidney injury in pulmonary diseases

Soo Young Yoon and Ravindra L. Mehta.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 11821 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) and acute lung injury often complicate the course of hospitalized patients particularly in the ICU setting. When this association is present it is associated with...

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Acute kidney injury in severe sepsis

John Prowle and Rinaldo Bellomo.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 7421 words.

Septic acute kidney injury (S-AKI) accounts for close to 50% of all cases of AKI in ICU and, in its various forms, affects between 15% and 20% of ICU patients. Patients typically present...

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Acute kidney injury in severe sepsis

John Prowle and Rinaldo Bellomo.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 10048 words.

Septic acute kidney injury (S-AKI) accounts for close to 50% of all cases of AKI in ICU and, in its various forms, affects between 15% and 20% of ICU patients. Patients typically present...

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Acute kidney injury in the cancer patient

Gilbert W. Moeckel, Veena Manjunath and Mark A. Perazella.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 6015 words.

Acute kidney injury in cancer patients is a complicated clinical condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially in the hospital setting. Cancer patients may...

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Acute kidney injury in the elderly

Dinna N. Cruz, Anna Clementi and Mitchell H. Rosner.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 8709 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is largely a disease of the elderly patient. As described in this chapter, age-related changes in the kidney as well as the accumulated co-morbid conditions and...

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Acute kidney injury in the elderly

Dinna N. Cruz, Anna Clementi and Mitchell H. Rosner.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 10440 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is largely a disease of the elderly patient. As described in this chapter, age-related changes in the kidney as well as the accumulated co-morbid conditions and...

Go to »  abstract