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Case 32

Harutomo Hasegawa, Matthew Crocker and Pawan Singh Minhas.

in Oxford Case Histories in Neurosurgery

March 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurosurgery; Surgical Oncology; Paediatrics. 879 words.

A 3-year-old boy has a 6-week history of motor decline. His parents report that previously he was running and playing normally but now is walking slowly and holding on to objects or people...

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Case 54

Harutomo Hasegawa, Matthew Crocker and Pawan Singh Minhas.

in Oxford Case Histories in Neurosurgery

March 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurosurgery; Clinical Radiology; Paediatrics. 1493 words.

A 6-week-old baby boy was referred by the paediatricians. A health visitor alerted the GP as the child's head circumference was raised on two successive measurements and she was concerned....

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Case 55

Harutomo Hasegawa, Matthew Crocker and Pawan Singh Minhas.

in Oxford Case Histories in Neurosurgery

March 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurosurgery; Surgical Oncology; Paediatrics. 791 words.

A 32-year-old woman is referred to the outpatient clinic. She is 36 weeks pregnant with a baby who has been diagnosed with spina bifida. A myelomeningocoele is present at L4/5. There is an...

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Case 56

Harutomo Hasegawa, Matthew Crocker and Pawan Singh Minhas.

in Oxford Case Histories in Neurosurgery

March 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurosurgery; Clinical Radiology; Paediatrics. 858 words.

A 20-year-old woman is referred by the orthopaedic surgeons. She has been complaining of rather indistinct bilateral leg pains, a little worse on the right side. These have been present for...

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Case 57

Harutomo Hasegawa, Matthew Crocker and Pawan Singh Minhas.

in Oxford Case Histories in Neurosurgery

March 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurosurgery; Clinical Radiology; Paediatrics. 1384 words.

A 20-year-old woman has been seen by the neurologists. She has a 3-week history of severe headaches and progressive visual failure, and originally saw an optician who suggested that she...

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Case 58

Harutomo Hasegawa, Matthew Crocker and Pawan Singh Minhas.

in Oxford Case Histories in Neurosurgery

March 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurosurgery; Clinical Radiology; Paediatrics. 1122 words.

A 33-year-old man who had a ventriculoperitoneal shunt in infancy for congenital hydrocephalus, which has never been revised, presented to the emergency department with increasing...

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Case 59

Harutomo Hasegawa, Matthew Crocker and Pawan Singh Minhas.

in Oxford Case Histories in Neurosurgery

March 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurosurgery; Clinical Radiology; Paediatrics. 1567 words.

A district general hospital refers a 30-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department following three generalized tonic–clonic seizures. She has a VP shunt which was inserted...

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Case 60

Harutomo Hasegawa, Matthew Crocker and Pawan Singh Minhas.

in Oxford Case Histories in Neurosurgery

March 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurosurgery; Clinical Radiology; Paediatrics. 772 words.

A 6-month-old boy presents via the paediatricians with progressively enlarging head circumference. His head now measures 51.5cm, which makes it far above the 95th centile (5th to 95th...

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Case 61

Harutomo Hasegawa, Matthew Crocker and Pawan Singh Minhas.

in Oxford Case Histories in Neurosurgery

March 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurosurgery; Clinical Radiology; Paediatrics. 1236 words.

A 24-year-old female hairdresser is referred to the clinic. She has noticed a progressive change in sensation in both her hands, on the right a little more than the left, over the past 2...

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Case 79

Ellen Chung.

in Pediatric Imaging Cases

December 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Radiology; Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 348 words.

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Case 80

Ellen Chung.

in Pediatric Imaging Cases

December 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Radiology; Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 355 words.

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Chiari Malformation with Syringomyelia

Yiping Li and Bermans J. Iskandar.

in Pediatric Neurosurgery

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 3384 words.

Chiari I malformation (CIM) is defined by pathological herniation of the cerebellar tonsils below the foramen magnum. Operative intervention for CIM is generally undertaken to treat...

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Communicating Hydrocephalus

Rowland Han and David D. Limbrick.

in Pediatric Neurosurgery

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 3103 words.

Communicating hydrocephalus results from an imbalance between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) production and reabsorption. It is attributed to impaired absorption of CSF through arachnoid villi,...

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Craniopharyngioma

Lissa C. Baird.

in Pediatric Neurosurgery

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 3644 words.

Pediatric craniopharyngioma is a histologically benign neoplasm with potential for malignant clinical behavior. Presenting vision and endocrine deficits are common, and the natural history...

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Diffuse Brainstem Glioma

Nalin Gupta.

in Pediatric Neurosurgery

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 1913 words.

Diffuse brainstem glioma commonly presents between the ages of 5–15 years with rapidly progressive cranial neuropathies, ataxia, and weakness. Brainstem gliomas, unlike primary tumors in...

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Extratemporal Refractory Epilepsy

Vamsidhar Chavakula, Eun-Hyoung Park and Joseph R. Madsen.

in Pediatric Neurosurgery

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 2269 words.

Medically refractory epilepsy is defined as the persistence of seizures after appropriate treatment with 2 different medications. A thorough understanding of the clinical history and...

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Handbook of Surgical Consent

Edited by Rajesh Nair and David J. Holroyd.

December 2011; p ublished online July 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Communication Skills; Surgery; Colorectal Surgery; Vascular Surgery; Breast Surgery; Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery; Bariatric Surgery; Transplant Surgery; Urology; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; Otolaryngology (ENT); Paediatric Surgery; Neonatology; Neurosurgery; Cardiothoracic Surgery; Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; Ophthalmology; Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 768 pages.

This valuable tool, written by experts, offers practical guidance in the principles of consent, alongside procedure-specific information on risks and benefits

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Hemispheric Refractory Epilepsy

Brian J. Dlouhy and Matthew D. Smyth.

in Pediatric Neurosurgery

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 3821 words.

Medically refractory epilepsy occurs when a patient has failed to become seizure-free on 2 antiepileptic medications. Hemispheric epilepsy is diagnosed with multifocal seizure onset...

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Hypothalamic-Chiasmatic Glioma

James Rutka and Angela Coppola.

in Pediatric Neurosurgery

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 3399 words.

Hypothalamic-chiasmatic gliomas (HCG) are rare tumors, representing approximately 5% of all childhood brain tumors. Impairment in visual acuity is the most common clinical finding at...

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Inflicted Traumatic Brain Injury

Beth A. Costine-Bartell and Ann-Christine Duhaime.

in Pediatric Neurosurgery

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Neurosurgery. 3500 words.

Inflicted traumatic brain injury may present with otherwise unexplained seizures or with subtle neurological impairment. Evaluation should include assessment for non-traumatic etiologies...

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