in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Surgery. 810 words.
Irving, James (1759–1791), naval surgeon and slave trader, was born at Langholm, Dumfriesshire, on 15 December 1759, the third and only surviving child of John Irving (1731?–1807),...