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Charge transfer molecular compounds with delocalized π-π* interaction - introduction and general survey

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 11816 words.

About one hundred years elapsed between the preparation of the first crystalline charge transfer molecular compound with delocalized π-π* interaction (anthracene...picric acid) and the...

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Clathrate inclusion complexes formed by hosts of lesser versatility

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 42075 words.

Cavities in frameworks constructed from linked host molecules can be filled by guest molecules of appropriate size and shape, thus forming clathrate inclusion complexes. In general, there...

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Crystal chemistry of mixed-stack π–π* molecular compounds

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 33645 words.

The room-temperature crystal structures of many mixed stack charge transfer molecular compounds can be grouped into a relatively small number of crystallochemical families. Although the...

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Crystal chemistry of some DNA oligonucleotides and their complexes

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 21803 words.

This chapter begins with brief introductions to the fundamentals of oligonucleotide structure and to current aspects of crystal chemistry common to cyclodextrin complexes,...

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Crystal (structural) physics of mixed stack π–π*molecular compounds

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 25306 words.

Thermodynamic measurements for a limited sample of crystalline mixed-stack 1:1 π-molecular compounds show that most are enthalpy-stabilized, some entropy-stabilized, and a few both enthalpy...

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Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

Frank H. Herbstein.

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Book. Subjects: Crystallography. 1,352 pages.

This book presents a rational classification of the vast amount of material in literature followed by a sketch of the historical background. The structures and properties of the various...

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Cyclodextrins, and some analogs, as hosts

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 22809 words.

The α-, β-, and γ-cyclodextrins are oligosaccharides containing 6, 7, and 8 glucose units, respectively, linked between 1 and 4 positions to form macrocyclic rings of toroidal or...

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Donor–acceptor molecular compounds (essentially localized interactions)

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 57172 words.

This chapter discusses components that are linked mainly by localized interactions. There is a variety of donor and acceptor types ranging from n-Donors and σ*-Acceptors, through n-Donors...

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The enclosure species – crown ethers, cryptands and related molecules – as hosts

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 17719 words.

Crown ethers are prototype examples of host molecules of the ring type, where small ring sizes interact with metallic cations to form widely-studied ion-molecule complexes, while the larger...

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Historical outline

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 2217 words.

The history of our subject goes back to the beginning of the 19th century, although the compounds concerned remained curiosities outside the mainstream of the development of chemistry until...

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Hydrogen bonded molecular complexes and compounds

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 25876 words.

Hydrogen bonding, one of the most important secondary interactions between molecules of the same kind, is no less important among the binary adducts, and most of the same principles apply....

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Inclusion complexes formed by versatile hosts

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 35026 words.

Versatility in a host can be achieved in different ways, all leading to the capability of a single host species to form a variety of inclusion complexes. A small number of examples has been...

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Intercalation complexes

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 17994 words.

The pristine host materials of intercalation complexes consist of two-dimensional sheets, successive sheets being linked by van der Waals interactions. Within the sheets, the constituent...

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Layered molecules with intra-molecular donor–acceptor interactions

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 8644 words.

Layered molecules are donor-acceptor cyclophanes in which the mutual orientation and/or location of the donor and acceptor ring systems can be altered to investigate the conditions for...

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Packing complexes

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 43846 words.

In binary packing complexes, there is no preferential bonding between types of component — either between like or between unlike components. A large variety of phase diagrams and structural...

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Segregated stack π-molecular complexes

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 41854 words.

The phenomenon of high electrical conductivity in some organic crystals appears to be associated with stacked arrangements of radical ions of electron donors and/or acceptors. A variety of...

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Structural principles in the classification of binary adducts

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 4750 words.

When the properties of the individual components are largely conserved in the primary or intermediate crystalline phases of a two-component (A and B) system, then these phases are called...

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Tunnel inclusion complexes formed by hosts of lesser versatility

Frank H. Herbstein.

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

November 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography. 45089 words.

Crystalline tunnel inclusion complexes have one-dimensional tunnels in their structures. The host molecules, which constitute the matrix, may be bonded together by directional bonds or van...

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