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Ancient reefs and islands

Charles Sheppard.

in Coral Reefs

June 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 2598 words.

‘Ancient reefs and islands’ illustrates that the present day ecology and organization of species on a reef and their behaviour—basically how a reef works—is the result of a very long...

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Approaches to Freshwater Ecology and Conservation

Rebecca E. Tharme, David Tickner, Jocelyne M.R. Hughes, John Conallin and Lauren Zielinski.

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation

December 2018; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 13663 words.

Since the emergence of freshwater ecology and conservation as a discipline in the twentieth century, the advances in science, policy, and practice have been considerable, particularly in...

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Aquatic Macroinvertebrates

Richard Marchant and Catherine M. Yule.

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation

December 2018; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 7180 words.

Sampling of aquatic macroinvertebrates requires techniques that are efficient and representative. Stratification of sampling units is a practical way of ensuring representative coverage of...

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The architects of a reef

in Coral Reefs

June 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 4787 words.

‘The architects of a reef’ gives a global overview of reef distribution and details the biology, growth, and reproduction of the main animals and plants that build them. Coral reefs are...

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Bottom Trawling

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn.

in Ocean Recovery

June 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 4052 words.

Bottom Trawling. One of the most common ways to catch fish is by dragging nets along the seafloor. This causes changes in the plants and animals that live there. When the same areas are...

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The Bristol Bay Salmon Fishery

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn.

in Ocean Recovery

June 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 4617 words.

The Bristol Bay Salmon Fishery. The Bristol Bay salmon fishery is widely regarded as one of the most sustainable in the world. Fish abundance and catch are at record levels, and the fishery...

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Changes Over Time

Peter A. Gell, Marie-Elodie Perga and C. Max Finlayson.

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation

December 2018; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 11221 words.

Freshwater systems are continuously shaped by cyclical and directional forces of change, whether they be natural or anthropogenic. Beyond gradual transitions disturbances can reset their...

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Chemical Determinands of Freshwater Ecosystem Functioning

Nic Pacini, Libor Pechar and David M. Harper.

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation

December 2018; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 7711 words.

Chemical equilibria in surface waters stem from complex interactions between physical background and living components of ecosystems. Catchments differ in geological background, climate,...

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Climate Change

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn.

in Ocean Recovery

June 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 2040 words.

Climate Change. The oceans are changing. There is no doubt that the oceans are rapidly getting warmer and more acidic, and this will have significant impacts on fish production. Warmer...

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Climate change and reefs

in Coral Reefs

June 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 1746 words.

Reefs are more affected by the damaging consequences of climate change than any other ecosystem. ‘Climate change and reefs’ illustrates how the impacts of climate change add on to, and...

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Conflict and Collaboration in Marine Conservation Work

Sarah Wise.

in Human-Wildlife Conflict

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 7697 words.

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly used to manage targeted species. In order for protected areas to be effective conservation measures, strong public support is needed....

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Conservation in Conflict

Christine Gleason.

in Human-Wildlife Conflict

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 7843 words.

Each year millions of tourists visit the Dominican Republic; many of these come to view North Atlantic humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in their native breeding grounds....

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Conservation on Island Time

Catherine Booker and d’Shan Maycock.

in Human-Wildlife Conflict

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 8670 words.

The marine environment and the resources it provides are of primary social, cultural, and economic importance to the Bahamas, a Small Island Developing State (SIDS) in the Caribbean region....

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Coral Reefs

Charles Sheppard.

June 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 144 pages.

Coral reefs are found all around the world, from the Indo-Pacific coral reef province to the Caribbean and Australia, and they support both marine and human life. They provide a rich supply...

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Cushing, David Henry (1920–2008), marine ecologist

Joseph Horwood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Marine and Estuarine Biology. 901 words.

Cushing, David Henry (1920–2008), marine ecologist, was born on 14 March 1920 at 10 Prudhoe Street, Alnwick, Northumberland, the son of William Ewart Wittrick Cushing (1891–1980),...

Diversity of Freshwater Ecosystems and Global Distributions

G. Randy Milton and C. Max Finlayson.

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation

December 2018; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 8486 words.

Freshwater ecosystems are found on all continents comprising many different types and sizes; and defined and classified in different ways. The hydrologic regime influences the many physical...

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Doing something about it

Charles Sheppard.

in Coral Reefs

June 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 3579 words.

A quarter of the world’s reef system is already dead, and a further half is affected to varying degrees. ‘Doing something about it’ proposes two groups of measures to address this...

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Ecosystem-Based Management and Marine Protected Areas

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn.

in Ocean Recovery

June 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 4295 words.

Ecosystem-Based Management and Marine Protected Areas. Ecosystem-based management (EBM) can be seen as a comprehensive strategy that includes the concern about the sustainable yield of fish...

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Emerging problems

Christopher L. J. Frid and Bryony A. Caswell.

in Marine Pollution

August 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 19346 words.

This chapter considers ‘emerging’ pollutants, substances that have only recently been recognised because they are new or analytical detection has improved. Major technological advances have...

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Enhancement and Aquaculture

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn.

in Ocean Recovery

June 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 3866 words.

Enhancement and Aquaculture. Fish stock enhancement involves growing small fish in a hatchery and releasing them in the wild to augment natural fish production. It is widely practiced for...

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