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The abiotic environment

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, Graham M. Pilling and Nicholas A. J. Graham.

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

November 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12480 words.

Coral reefs are largely restricted to shallow tropical seas, where water is warm, nutrient poor and well illuminated for photosynthesis and where sufficient calcium carbonate (aragonite)...

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The Abiotic Frame and Adaptations to Cope with Abiotic Constraints

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson.

in The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 24735 words.

This chapter draws up the abiotic frame for organisms set by the physical and chemical properties of a specific ecosystem. The abiotic frame is a combination of several features, including...

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An -omics Perspective on Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Edited by Elizabeth A. Williams and Tyler J. Carrier.

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10606 words.

The diverse phenotypes exhibited by marine invertebrate larvae are the result of complex gene-environment interactions. Recently, technological advances in molecular biology have enabled...

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Anellida: Holoplanktonic Polychaeta

Claudia Castellani and Robert Camp.

in Marine Plankton

February 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 2838 words.

This chapter describes the taxonomy of Polychaeta, an almost exclusively marine group of organisms belonging to the phylum Annelida. With over 10,000 species described worldwide, they...

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Asexual Reproduction of Marine Invertebrate Embryos and Larvae

Edited by Jonathan D. Allen, Adam M. Reitzel and William Jaeckle.

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 9019 words.

Developmental plasticity during the early life histories of marine invertebrates is a fascinating opportunity to study the interplay between ecology and evolution. In particular, some...

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Biodiversity and Biogeography

Peter J. Hogarth.

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 7935 words.

The Indo-West Pacific region (IWP) has more species of mangrove than the Atlantic-Caribbean-East Pacific (ACEP). This and other biogeographical patterns can be understood only with...

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Biodiversity and Environmental Threats

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson.

in The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 23537 words.

The last chapter of Lakes and Ponds deals with how human activities affect the natural ecosystems and their function through eutrophication, contamination, acidification, brownification and...

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The Biology of Coral Reefs

Charles Sheppard, Simon Davy, Graham Pilling and Nicholas Graham.

November 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 384 pages.

Coral reefs represent the most spectacular and diverse marine ecosystem on the planet as well as a critical source of protein and income for many millions of people. Ecologically they are...

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The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson.

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 368 pages.

The Biology of Lakes and Ponds focuses on the interactions between the abiotic frame, such as turbulence, temperature, pH and nutrients, and the organisms, including interactions with and...

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The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition

Peter J. Hogarth.

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 304 pages.

Mangroves and seagrasses form extensive and highly productive ecosystems that are biologically diverse and economically valuable. This new edition provides an introduction to all aspects of...

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Biotics: Competition, Herbivory, Predation, Parasitism and Symbiosis

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson.

in The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 26082 words.

If biological interactions, such as competition and predation, have any effect on population dynamics, or if abiotic factors alone determine which organisms, how many of them do we see in a...

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Brachiopoda

Judith Fuchs and Andreas Altenburger.

in Marine Plankton

February 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 1651 words.

This chapter describes the taxonomy of Brachiopoda, a phylum of exclusively marine, sessile, filter-feeding invertebrates. Brachiopods are meroplanktonik with a biphasic life cycle...

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Bryozoa

Judith Fuchs and John Bishop.

in Marine Plankton

February 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 2088 words.

This chapter describes the taxonomy of Bryozoa, a phylum of small, aquatic invertebrates that comprises ~6000 known species. Bryozoa are meroplanktonic with a planktonic larval stage and a...

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The cellular responses of marine algae and invertebrates to ultraviolet radiation, alone and in combination with other common abiotic stressors

David J. Burritt and Miles D. Lamare.

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10032 words.

This chapter provides an overview of the key physiological responses in marine algae and invertebrates exposed to ultraviolet radiation. It outlines the importance of spectral irradiances...

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Chaetognatha

Annelies Pierrot-Bults.

in Marine Plankton

February 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 3413 words.

This chapter describes the taxonomy of Chaetognatha, a small phylum of exclusively marine organisms with approximately 150 species currently recognized, of which about 70 are pelagic....

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Chemical pollutants in the marine environment: causes, effects, and challenges

Catriona K. Macleod, Ruth S. Eriksen, Zanna Chase and Sabine E. Apitz.

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 13761 words.

Chemicals are now commonplace in the marine environment; with chemical pollutants found in every region, from the Arctic to the tropics and from the smallest estuary to the depths of the...

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Chordata: Appendicularia

Gaby Gorsky and Claudia Castellani.

in Marine Plankton

February 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 2906 words.

This chapter describes the taxonomy of Appendicularians (larvaceans), small free-swimming pelagic zooplankton. They belong to the phylum Chordata, which includes the vertebrates. Like other...

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Chordata: Fish eggs and larvae

Peter Munk and Jørgen G. Nielsen.

in Marine Plankton

February 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 11872 words.

This chapter describes the taxonomy of fish eggs and larvae. Most fish eggs and larvae are planktonic, and are commonly found in plankton net tows. Collectively these fish stages are...

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Chordata: Thaliacea

Priscilla Licandro and Martina Brunetta.

in Marine Plankton

February 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 4444 words.

This chapter describes the taxonomy of Thaliacea, a class of the subphylum Tunicata encompassing pelagic organisms that, as all the other tunicates, have a body covered by a transparent...

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Cnidaria: Colonial Hydrozoa (Siphonophorae)

Priscilla Licandro, Claude Carré and Dhugal J. Lindsay.

in Marine Plankton

February 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 3870 words.

This chapter describes the taxonomy of colonial Hydrozoa. Siphonophores are pelagic organisms that can be found the whole year round, sometimes in a characteristic season, inshore and...

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