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You are looking at 1-20 of 29 items for:

Plant Sciences and Forestry x Chemistry x clear all

aldotriose

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

A 3-carbon monosaccharide that contains an aldehyde group.

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aleuroplast

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

A leucoplast type of plastid that is involved in the storage of proteins.

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allosteric effect

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

The binding of a ligand to one site on a protein molecule in such a way that the properties of another site on the same protein are affected. Some enzymes are allosteric proteins, and their...

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Bell, (Ernest) Arthur (1926–2006), plant chemist

Ghillean T. Prance.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 945 words.

Bell, (Ernest) Arthur (1926–2006), plant chemist, was born on 20 June 1926 at 7 Balmoral Terrace, Gosforth, Northumberland, the son of a Northumbrian chartered accountant, Albert Bell, and...

biuret reaction

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Chemistry.

A colorimetric reaction that serves as a basis for the qualitative and quantitative determination of proteins. It depends upon the fact that in a strongly alkaline solution, compounds such...

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Bodley, Rachel Littler

Janet Carlisle Bogdan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Medicinal Chemistry; Botany. 1115 words.

Bodley, Rachel Littler (07 December 1831–15 June 1888), botanist, chemist, and educator, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the daughter of Anthony Prichard Bodley, a carpenter and patternmaker,...

Bridges, Robert

David L. Cowen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Botany. 859 words.

Bridges, Robert (05 March 1806–20 February 1882), chemist and botanist, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Culpeper Bridges, a merchant, and Sarah Cliffton. He was a student...

bundle sheath

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Chemistry.

A layer surrounding a vascular bundle, usually consisting of parenchyma cells but sometimes of sclerenchyma. See C4 pathway.

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cyclic photophosphorylation

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

The synthesis of ATP during photosynthesis, coupled to the cyclic passage of electrons to and from P700, the specialized form of chlorophyll a which is involved in photosystem I, using a...

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Daubeny, Charles Giles Bridle (1795–1867), chemist and botanist

Nicholas Goddard.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Botany. 2661 words.

Daubeny, Charles Giles Bridle (1795–1867), chemist and botanist, was born at Stratton, Gloucestershire, on 11 February 1795, the third and youngest son of the Revd James Daubeny, rector of...

elaioplast

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Chemistry.

A leucoplast type of plastid involved in the storage of oils.

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ethene

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

(ethylene)

A gas (C2H4) that is produced naturally by plants, and which functions as a hormone is the control of such processes as germination, cell growth, fruit ripening,...

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Fowden, Sir Leslie (1925–2008), plant biochemist

W. H. Brock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences; Plant Ecology; Medicinal Chemistry. 1026 words.

Fowden, Sir Leslie (1925–2008), plant biochemist, was born on 13 October 1925 at Birch Hill House, Wardle, Rochdale, Lancashire, the only child of Herbert Fowden (1878–1960), an iron turner...

isoelectric focusing

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

A technique for the electrophoretic (see electrophoresis) separation of amphoteric (i.e. able to combine with either an acid or a base) molecules in a gradient of pH, usually formed from a...

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kinetin

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Chemistry.

(6-fururylaminopurine)

A degradation product of animal DNA, which does not occur naturally and which has properties similar to those of cytokinins. Applied to certain leaves,...

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Konig, Charles Dietrich Eberhard (1774–1851), botanist and mineralogist

John C. Thackray.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Petrology; Mineralogy and Gems; Botany. 438 words.

Konig, Charles Dietrich Eberhard (1774–1851), botanist and mineralogist, was born in Brunswick and educated at the University of Göttingen, where he studied botany. In 1800 he was invited...

mesosome

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

A complex infolding of the plasma membrane in prokaryotic cells. It contains respiratory enzymes and also appears to play a role in cell division, since the chromosome is usually attached...

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methylotroph

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Chemistry.

An organism that can use (as its sole source of carbon and energy) organic compounds that contain only one carbon atom (i.e. compounds such as methane and methanol).

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microspore

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

1 The first cell of the male gametophyte generation of angiosperms and gymnosperms (seed plants), later to form the pollen grain.

2 The smaller of the 2...

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Myxobacterales

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Chemistry.

The myxobacteria; an order of Gram‐negative bacteria that bear extracellular slime and have a characteristic swarming habit that leads to the formation of stalked fruiting bodies. A more...

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