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Animal Pathology and Diseases x Biodiversity and Conservation Biology x clear all

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Adaptability

Paul R. Armsworth, Eric R. Larson and Alison G. Boyer.

in Effective Conservation Science

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 3505 words.

This chapter asks how organizations that society relies on to deliver biodiversity conservation perform in the face of rapid and unpredictable change. While much has been written about how...

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Adaptations to Subterranean Life

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan.

in The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10304 words.

The loss of characters, especially eyes and pigment, in subterranean animals has attracted the attention of biologists since their first discovery centuries ago. Adaptationist ideas with...

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Agri-environment schemes and the future of farmland bird conservation

Jeremy D. Wilson and Richard B. Bradbury.

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 1

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 9562 words.

Subsidized intensive agriculture has caused severe biodiversity loss, including among bird populations. ‘Greening’ of agricultural policy in the European Union through agri-environment...

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The Animals

Bryan Shorrocks and William (Bill) Bates.

in The Biology of African Savannahs, 2nd Edn

November 2014; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 26071 words.

This chapter takes a brief look at the ecology and behaviour of the major mammals in the dynamics of the savannah ecosystem. Other animals (insects and birds) are mentioned briefly. First,...

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Are local losses of biodiversity causing degraded ecosystem function?

Mark Vellend.

in Effective Conservation Science

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 3113 words.

This chapter highlights the scale dependence of biodiversity change over time and its consequences for arguments about the instrumental value of biodiversity. While biodiversity is in...

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Are payments for ecosystem services benefiting ecosystems and people?

Paul J. Ferraro.

in Effective Conservation Science

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 4065 words.

This chapter examines the evidence surrounding whether payments for ecosystem services (PES) have delivered the anticipated benefits for people and nature. Proponents claim PES are scalable...

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Badgers and bovine tuberculosis

David W. Macdonald, Rosie Woodroffe and Philip Riordan.

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 19016 words.

The involvement of badgers Meles meles in the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle in the UK, and attempts to control the disease in cattle by killing badgers, has been among...

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Badgers in the rural landscape—conservation paragon or farmland pariah? Lessons from the Wytham Badger Project

David W. Macdonald, Chris Newman and Christina D. Buesching.

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 21688 words.

Despite their emblematic status, assumed knowledge on the socio-ecology of badgers, even that based on older research, proves increasingly incongruous; providing an inadequate basis to...

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Biogeography

Richard T. Corlett.

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

June 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12654 words.

This chapter deals with the geographical distribution of plants and animals within the region. Tropical East Asia is defined as the eastern half of the Oriental Region and the other...

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Biology, ecology, and reproduction of American mink Neovison vison on lowland farmland

David W. Macdonald, Lauren A. Harrington, Nobuyuki Yamaguchi, Michael D.F. Thom and Joanna Bagniewska.

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 14271 words.

The American mink is a predatory, semi-aquatic, medium-sized member of the Mustelidae—it is an invasive species in the UK, and common on rivers that flow through lowland farmland (in areas...

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The Biology of African Savannahs, 2nd Edn

Bryan Shorrocks and William Bates.

November 2014; p ublished online March 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 336 pages.

Savannahs are one of the largest biomes of the world, covering about 20% of the land surface. Stated simply, they are tropical and subtropical grasslands, with scattered bushes and trees....

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The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan.

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Book. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 336 pages.

Caves and other subterranean habitats with their often strange (even bizarre) inhabitants have long been objects of fascination, curiosity, and debate. The question of how such organisms...

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The Biology of Urban Environments

Philip James.

July 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 320 pages.

Urban environments are characterized by the density of buildings and elements of a number of infrastructures that support urban residents in their daily life. These built elements and the...

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Biotic Interactions and Community Structure

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan.

in The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 7114 words.

A general pattern emerges from studies of subterranean communities. At a regional scale, hydrogeological and historical factors exert a controlling influence on many species, and the...

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Brown rats on farmland

David W. Macdonald, Manuel Berdoy and Joanne P. Webster.

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 14758 words.

Considering the enormous literature on their laboratory cousins, and their importance as pests, there is a remarkable dearth of studies of wild brown rats, Rattus norvegicus. This chapter...

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The built environment

Philip James.

in The Biology of Urban Environments

July 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 4240 words.

Buildings are the dominant feature of urban environments and they are arranged in diverse patterns. Interwoven within and between buildings are a series of infrastructures which deliver...

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Business as usual leads to underperformance in coastal restoration

Brian R. Silliman, Brent B. Hughes, Y. Stacy Zhang and Qiang He.

in Effective Conservation Science

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 2871 words.

This chapter shows that coastal wetland projects are underperforming because of confirmation bias. Despite two decades of work showing that top-down control can be essential to marsh...

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Cognitive biases and limitations

Marc J. Stern.

in Social Science Theory for Environmental Sustainability

July 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 3821 words.

This chapter summarizes some of the most common cognitive biases and limitations in human thinking and provides specific strategies for what we can do about them in various contexts. It...

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Colonization and Speciation in Subterranean Environments

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan.

in The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10214 words.

Colonization and speciation in subterranean environments can be conveniently divided into four stages. The first step is colonization of subsurface environments. There is a constant flux of...

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Conservation and Protection of Subterranean Habitats

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan.

in The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 8690 words.

A critical factor of the subterranean fauna and one that increases the risk of extinction is geographical rarity. Some stygobionts and troglobionts are also numerically rare. Subterranean...

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