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Animal Pathology and Diseases x Evolutionary Biology x clear all

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Adaptation and adaptive radiation

Geoffrey E. Hill.

in Mitonuclear Ecology

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 19444 words.

A key outcome of evolution by natural selection is adaptation. Since the beginning of the age of genetics, evolutionary biologists have focused on the evolution of nuclear genes as the...

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Bayesian approaches to the quantitative genetic analysis of natural populations

Michael B. Morrissey, Pierre de Villemereuil, Blandine Doligez and Olivier Gimenez.

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

April 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 14312 words.

Bayesian statistics provides a flexible set of tools for analysis of empirical data. This chapter focuses primarily on how flexible Bayesian tools, especially Bayesian Markov Chain Monte...

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Case study: quantitative genetics and sexual selection of weaponry in a wild ungulate

Loeske E. B. Kruuk, Tim Clutton-Brock and Josephine M. Pemberton.

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

April 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10600 words.

This case study illustrates three key themes in current evolutionary quantitative genetics: the role of genetic associations in the evolutionary dynamics of selection, the insights gained...

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Coevolution, co-transmission, and conflict

Geoffrey E. Hill.

in Mitonuclear Ecology

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 8263 words.

Mitochondrial genes and nuclear genes are replicated and transmitted across generations as physically separated units. The extent to which these autonomous genomes are co-transmitted...

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Coevolution in mutualisms

Bruce Anderson.

in Mutualism

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology. 15087 words.

While coevolution may have dramatically shaped our world, it has been extremely difficult to demonstrate because the signatures of coevolution are exceptionally diverse and they are seldom...

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Compensatory coevolution

Geoffrey E. Hill.

in Mitonuclear Ecology

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 11876 words.

In most eukaryotes, mitochondrial genes mutate at a higher rate than nuclear genes. In addition, mitochondrial genes are transmitted without recombination, so slightly deleterious mutations...

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Conserving and restoring mutualisms

Rachael Winfree, Molly MacLeod, Tina Harrison and Daniel P. Cariveau.

in Mutualism

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology. 12227 words.

Mutualistic interactions are ubiquitous across ecosystems and are critical drivers of biodiversity and ecosystem function. Despite this widespread importance, the explicit consideration and...

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Context-dependent outcomes of mutualistic interactions

Jason D. Hoeksema and Emilio M. Bruna.

in Mutualism

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology. 14419 words.

Most mutualisms vary in outcome along a continuum from strong mutualism to commensalism or even parasitism, driven by the interaction’s abiotic and biotic context. This variation can have...

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Cross-pollination of plants and animals: wild quantitative genetics and plant evolutionary genetics

John R. Stinchcombe.

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

April 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12249 words.

Evolutionary quantitative genetics, as applied to natural populations, sits at an interesting cross-road. Studies of long-lived, mobile animals have given us a first glimpse of the...

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Dominance genetic variance and inbreeding in natural populations

Matthew E. Wolak and Lukas F. Keller.

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

April 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 16099 words.

It is assumed that dominance genetic variance contributes little to the prediction of evolutionary change in polygenic traits. This is based on the assumption that populations are large,...

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The effects of others’ genes: maternal and other indirect genetic effects

Andrew G. McAdam, Dany Garant and Alastair J. Wilson.

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

April 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 13256 words.

An individual’s phenotype may frequently be affected by the phenotypes (and hence genotypes) of other individuals with whom it interacts. Phenotypic effects that are caused by the genotype...

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Epigenetic processes and genetic architecture in character origination and evolution

Alexander V. Badyaev and J. Bruce Walsh.

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

April 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 7180 words.

The complexity of biological systems often prevents the construction of deterministic framework for the relationship between genotypes and phenotypes in development and evolution. The void...

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Epilogue

Geoffrey E. Hill.

in Mitonuclear Ecology

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 2025 words.

Evolutionary ecology is at the precipice of a paradigm shift. For many years and through the early years of the 21st century, mitochondrial genomes were dismissed as unimportant to the...

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Evolution and genetics of mutualism

Carina A. Baskett and Douglas W. Schemske.

in Mutualism

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology. 10714 words.

Studies of the ecology of mutualisms far outpace those of the genetics and evolution of mutualisms. This chapter develops a conceptual framework for the study of mutualism evolution and...

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The evolution of sex and two sexes

Geoffrey E. Hill.

in Mitonuclear Ecology

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 9433 words.

Sexual reproduction has proven so formidable a challenge for evolutionary biologists that it is commonly spoken of as “the paradox of sex.” Stated simply, individuals forsake one-half of...

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Evolutionary dynamics in response to climate change

Phillip Gienapp and Jon E. Brommer.

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

April 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 13646 words.

Environmental changes lead to new or altered selection pressures and possibly also to changes in expressed genetic (co)variances. Understanding the resulting evolutionary dynamics is...

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Evolutionary models of mutualism

Erol Akçay.

in Mutualism

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology. 13637 words.

Life as we know it would not exist without the myriad ways different species cooperate and provide benefits to each other. Yet, basic evolutionary theory also suggests that mutualisms...

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Evolutionary origins and diversification of mutualism

George D. Weiblen and Erin L. Treiber.

in Mutualism

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology. 12149 words.

Investigating the past may shed light on evolutionary processes influencing the origin and diversification of mutualism. Evidence from a broad spectrum of species interactions suggests that...

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Evolutionary potential and constraints in wild populations

Céline Teplitsky, Matthew R. Robinson and Juha Merilä.

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

April 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10605 words.

This chapter asks: How can evolutionary potential be measured? The question is deceptively simple: whilst evolutionary potential is typically defined on a per-trait basis, it has become...

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The exploitation of mutualisms

Joel L. Sachs.

in Mutualism

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology. 8858 words.

The evolution of mutualism presents a paradox. Species that engage in mutualisms are unique in that they have evolved traits that provide benefits to other species, but these generous...

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