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You are looking at 1-20 of 2,748 items for:

Animal Pathology and Diseases x Zoology and Animal Sciences x clear all

The ABC model and the diversity of plant reproductive structures

Beverley Glover.

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering Second Edition

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 7721 words.

The majority of the ABC genes involved in floral organ identity encode MADS box transcription factors, a very ancient family of DNA-binding proteins. By tracing the evolutionary history of...

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The ability of White Leghorn hens with trimmed comb and wattles to thermoregulate

D. S. AL-Ramamneh, M. M. Makagon and P. Y. Hester.

in Poultry Science

August 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Pathology and Diseases; Animal Physiology; Ornithology; Veterinary Medicine. 7055 words.

It is estimated that each year over 19 million pullets in the United States have their combs partially trimmed at a young age to improve egg production and feed efficiency. A possible...

The Abiotic Environment

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster.

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

May 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12170 words.

This chapter discusses the structure, function, and abiotic requirements of giant kelp, providing a general guide to interpreting variation in Macrocystis populations in nature. In growth...

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The abiotic environment

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, Graham M. Pilling and Nicholas A. J. Graham.

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

November 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12480 words.

Coral reefs are largely restricted to shallow tropical seas, where water is warm, nutrient poor and well illuminated for photosynthesis and where sufficient calcium carbonate (aragonite)...

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Abiotic factors

David Ward.

in The Biology of Deserts

November 2008; p ublished online April 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 5564 words.

There are a number of abiotic factors that have important impacts on the desert environment. Clearly, the most important of these is rainfall or, in some cases, other sources of...

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Abiotic Factors

David Ward.

in The Biology of Deserts

June 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 7542 words.

Abiotic factors are the primary reason for the differentiation of deserts from other ecosystems. Fundamentally, it is the low rainfall that deserts experience that differentiate them from...

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The Abiotic Frame and Adaptations to Cope with Abiotic Constraints

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson.

in The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 24735 words.

This chapter draws up the abiotic frame for organisms set by the physical and chemical properties of a specific ecosystem. The abiotic frame is a combination of several features, including...

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Above-ground trophic interactions and soil biological communities

Richard D. Bardgett.

in The Biology of Soil

June 2005; p ublished online April 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 6358 words.

This chapter examines some of the many ways that above-ground herbivores may influence below-ground organisms and processes, and how these changes in soil biological properties may in turn...

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Absolute quantification of a very virulent Marek's disease virus dynamic quantity and distributions in different tissues

Zhenjie Zhang, Shaoqiong Liu, Chengtai Ma, Peng Zhao and Zhizhong Cui.

in Poultry Science

June 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Pathology and Diseases; Animal Physiology; Ornithology; Veterinary Medicine. 6127 words.

Chickens infected with Marek's disease virus (MDV) carry the virus consistently for a long time, which increases the incidence and rate of virus-induced multi-organ tumors and increases its...

Acoustic communication in the urban environment

Diego Gil and Henrik Brumm.

in Avian Urban Ecology

November 2013; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 9983 words.

One consequence of urbanization is the massive level of anthropogenic noise that animals have to cope with. Because birds use acoustic signals to communicate vital information, the masking...

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Acoustic, morphological, and genetic adaptations to urban habitats in the silvereye (Zosterops lateralis)

Dominique A. Potvin, Raoul A. Mulder and Kirsten M. Parris.

in Avian Urban Ecology

November 2013; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 4791 words.

Silvereyes (Zosterops lateralis) are native Australian birds that thrive in both cities and rural areas. Their diverse repertoire of songs and calls overlap with the frequency range of...

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Acquiring Useful Tools and Skills

John R. B. Lighton.

in Measuring Metabolic Rates

December 2018; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biomathematics and Statistics; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 2492 words.

This chapter discusses useful skills and tools that can extend and amplify the reach of innovative researchers. These include programming languages; statistical packages; microcontrollers...

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Activation of chicken bone marrow-derived dendritic cells induced by a Salmonella Enteritidis ghost vaccine candidate

N. M. Kamble, C. V. Jawale and J. H. Lee.

in Poultry Science

October 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 4264 words.

Bacterial Ghost-based vaccine development has been applied to a variety of gram-negative bacteria. Developed Salmonella Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) ghost are promising vaccine candidates...

Acute and chronic eggshell temperature manipulations during hatching term influence hatchability, broiler performance, and ascites incidence

A. Sozcu and A. Ipek.

in Poultry Science

February 2015; p ublished online January 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Pathology and Diseases; Animal Physiology; Ornithology; Veterinary Medicine. 6413 words.

The aim of the current study was to determine how a control temperature and acute and chronic high eggshell temperatures during the last three days of incubation, can affect hatchability,...

Acute phase proteins and stress markers in the immediate response to a combined vaccination against Newcastle disease and infectious bronchitis viruses in specific pathogen free (SPF) layer chicks

Haider Kaab, Maureen M Bain and Peter David Eckersall.

in Poultry Science

February 2018; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 5024 words.

Abstract

Vaccination is an important tool in poultry health, but is itself a stressor often resulting in a reduction in feed intake, body weight gain, and...

Acute phase proteins, interleukin 6, and heat shock protein 70 in broiler chickens administered with corticosterone

I. Zulkifli, P. Najafi, A. J. Nurfarahin, A. F. Soleimani, S. Kumari, A. Anna Aryani, E. L. O’Reilly and P. D. Eckersall.

in Poultry Science

December 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Pathology and Diseases; Animal Physiology; Ornithology; Veterinary Medicine. 5006 words.

An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of corticosterone (CORT) administration on serum ovotransferrin (OVT), α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), ceruloplasmin (CPN), and IL-6...

Adaptability

Paul R. Armsworth, Eric R. Larson and Alison G. Boyer.

in Effective Conservation Science

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 3505 words.

This chapter asks how organizations that society relies on to deliver biodiversity conservation perform in the face of rapid and unpredictable change. While much has been written about how...

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Adaptation

Andrew P. Hendry.

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

December 2016; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12111 words.

This chapter outlines how to conceptualize and predict adaptive evolution based on information about selection and genetic variation. It introduces and explains adaptive landscapes, a...

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Adaptation and adaptive radiation

Geoffrey E. Hill.

in Mitonuclear Ecology

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 19444 words.

A key outcome of evolution by natural selection is adaptation. Since the beginning of the age of genetics, evolutionary biologists have focused on the evolution of nuclear genes as the...

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Adaptation to Anthropogenic Climate Change

Michael J. Angilletta.

in Thermal Adaptation

January 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12844 words.

Rates of warming during recent decades have exceeded those experienced during the previous millennia. This anthropogenic climate change has led to advances in organismal phenology, shifts...

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