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Annelid Vision

Cynthia M. Harley and Mark K. Asplen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System; Sensory and Motor Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 10096 words.

Annelid worms are simultaneously an interesting and difficult model system for understanding the evolution of animal vision. On the one hand, a wide variety of photoreceptor cells and eye...

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Caenorhabditis elegans Olfaction

Douglas K. Reilly and Jagan Srinivasan.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Molecular and Cellular Systems; Sensory and Motor Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 12849 words.

To survive, animals must properly sense their surrounding environment. The types of sensation that allow for detecting these changes can be categorized as tactile, thermal, aural, or...

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Control of Locomotion in Hexapods

Roy E. Ritzmann and Sasha N. Zill.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology; Sensory and Motor Systems. 10769 words.

This article discusses legged locomotion in insects. It describes the basic patterns of coordinated movement both within each leg and among the various legs. The nervous system controls...

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Drosophila Olfaction

Quentin Gaudry and Jonathan Schenk.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Sensory and Motor Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 15378 words.

Olfactory systems are tasked with converting the chemical environment into electrical signals that the brain can use to optimize behaviors such as navigating towards resources, finding...

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Insect Navigation: Neural Basis to Behavior

Stanley Heinze.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Sensory and Motor Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 16788 words.

Navigation is the ability of animals to move through their environment in a planned manner. Different from directed but reflex-driven movements, it involves the comparison of...

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Motion Vision in Arthropods

Alex S. Mauss and Alexander Borst.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology; Sensory and Motor Systems. 17955 words.

Visual perception seems effortless to us, yet it is the product of elaborate signal processing in intricate brain circuits. Apart from vertebrates, arthropods represent another major animal...

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Motor Control in Soft-Bodied Animals

Guy Levy, Nir Nesher, Letizia Zullo and Binyamin Hochner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology; Sensory and Motor Systems. 10200 words.

Motor Control is essentially the computations required for producing coordinated sequences of commands from the controlling system (i.e., nervous system) to the actuation system (i.e.,...

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Sensing Polarized Light in Insects

Thomas F. Mathejczyk and Mathias F. Wernet.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Sensory and Motor Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 13926 words.

Evolution has produced vast morphological and behavioral diversity amongst insects, including very successful adaptations to a diverse range of ecological niches spanning the invasion of...

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