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Cognitive Neuroscience x Psychology x clear all

Abnormalities of Event-Related Potential Components in Schizophrenia

Brian F. O'Donnell, Dean F. Salisbury, Margaret A. Niznikiewicz, Colleen A. Brenner and Jenifer L. Vohs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 18623 words.

Schizophrenia is a disabling psychotic illness that has been associated with alterations in synaptic connectivity and neurotransmission. Since event-related potential (ERP) components are...

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The acoustic environment

William J. Davies.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 17650 words.

This article provides an overview of what shapes the acoustic signals that arrive at the ear. There are three physical processes which are capable of generating audible sound: a vibrating...

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Acoustic Structure and Musical Function: Musical Notes Informing Auditory Research

Michael Schutz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Music and the Brain

July 2019; p ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience. 8068 words.

Music’s continual temporal changes make it a useful stimulus for studying cognitive and neural processes unfolding over time. Although this dynamic nature is widely recognized on a macro...

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Acquired Brain Injury (Stroke and TBI) in Later Life

Megan S. Barker, Emily C. Gibson and Gail A. Robinson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Neuropsychology. 10662 words.

The term “acquired brain injury” refers to any type of brain damage that occurs after birth. Two main types of acquired brain injury are stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI). A stroke...

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Affective Brain-Computer Interfaces

Christian Mühl, Dirk Heylen and Anton Nijholt.

in The Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing

January 2015; p ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 11577 words.

This chapter is from the forthcoming The Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing edited by Rafael Calvo, Sidney K. D'Mello, Jonathan Gratch, and Arvid Kappas. The brain is involved in the...

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The afferent synapse

Jonathan Ashmore.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Ear

January 2010; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 12981 words.

This article introduces a number of critical features of the afferent synapse with particular reference to mammalian hearing. The auditory synapse is the first relay point for the input of...

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Age-Related Decline in Working Memory and Episodic Memory

Sander Daselaar and Roberto Cabeza.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience, Volume 1

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 10845 words.

Memory is one of the cognitive functions that deteriorate most with age. The types of memory most affected by aging are working memory, the short-term memory maintenance and simultaneous...

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Aging and Cognitive Skill Learning

Jack Kuhns and Dayna R. Touron.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Developmental Psychology. 8858 words.

The study of aging and cognitive skill learning is concerned with age-related changes and differences in how we gather, store, and use information and abilities. As life expectancy...

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Aging changes in the central auditory system

Robert D. Frisina.

in The Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Auditory Brain

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 11364 words.

This article examines age-related changes in the central auditory system from anatomical and neurochemical vantage points, and then the functional consequences of these structural changes...

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Alexithymia from the Social Neuroscience Perspective

Sylvie Berthoz, Lydia Pouga and Michele Wessa.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 18144 words.

Alexithymia is a multifaceted personality construct characterized by the impaired ability to reflect on and regulate one’s own emotions. This chapter refers to a wide range of domains of...

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Alignment in dialogue

Simon Garrod and Martin J. Pickering.

August 2007; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 6655 words.

This article argues that psycholinguists need to think in a different way to understand processing in dialogue. According to this view, interlocutors do not use language to encode and...

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Alterations of ERP Components in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Rolf Verleger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13837 words.

This chapter reviews event-related potential (ERP) studies in patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases. Such studies have been conducted from two different points of view: using...

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Altruism

Stephanie D. Preston and Frans B. M. de Waal.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 15335 words.

This chapter reviews the ultimate and proximate levels of analysis on altruism in humans, hoping to create an overarching framework that places each within a larger context that can...

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Analogy and Relational Reasoning

Keith J. Holyoak.

in The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

March 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 18509 words.

Analogy is an inductive mechanism based on structured comparisons of mental representations. It is an important special case of role-based relational reasoning, in which inferences are...

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Animal Metacognition

J. David Smith, Michael J. Beran and Justin J. Couchman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 14485 words.

Metacognition refers to the monitoring and control of basic cognitive processes. The presumption is that some minds have a cognitive executive that oversees and regulates thinking and...

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Anomia and Anomic Aphasia: Implications for Lexical Processing

Stacy M. Harnish.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aphasia and Language Disorders

January 2018; p ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience. 17232 words.

Anomia is a term that describes the inability to retrieve a desired word, and is the most common deficit present across different aphasia syndromes. Anomic aphasia is a specific aphasia...

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Antisocial Personality Disorders

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 7101 words.

Neuroscience research is beginning to uncover significant neurobiological impairments in antisocial, violent, and aggressive groups. The neurophysiologic basis of antisocial behavior is...

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Applications of Neuroscience to Mathematics Education

Bert De Smedt and Roland H. Grabner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

July 2015; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Educational Psychology. 10987 words.

In this chapter, we explore three types of applications of neuroscience to mathematics education: neurounderstanding, neuroprediction, and neurointervention. Neurounderstanding refers to...

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Approaches to Visual Search

Jeremy M. Wolfe.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience. 20400 words.

In her original Feature Integration Theory, Anne Treisman proposed that we process a limited set of basic preattentive, visual features in parallel across the visual field. Binding those...

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Are we ever aware of concepts? A critical question for the Global Neuronal Workspace, Integrated Information, and Attended Intermediate-Level Representation theories of consciousness

David Kemmerer.

in Neuroscience of Consciousness

P ublished online October 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience; Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience; Neuroscientific Techniques; Cognitive Neuroscience; Consciousness. 9698 words.

To locate consciousness in the flow of synaptic activity in the brain, we must first locate it in the flow of information processing in the mind. Two different positions have been debated...

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