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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Defining A Spectrum Disorder and Considering Neuroethical Implications

James M. Swanson, Timothy Wigal, Kimberley Lakes and Nora D. Volkow.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 14461 words.

Prospective follow-up studies have shown that even though some children outgrow the disorder, a childhood diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is clearly a risk...

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Balint’s Syndrome and the Study of Attention

Lynn C. Robertson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 8366 words.

Balint’s syndrome is the most severe neuropsychological disorder affecting spatial attention that has been observed. In humans, it can be observed after bilateral occipital-parietal damage....

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Brain Reading: Decoding Mental States From Brain Activity In Humans

John-Dylan Haynes.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 4895 words.

New brain imaging technology has emerged that might make it possible to read a person's thoughts directly from their brain activity. This novel approach is referred to as “brain reading” or...

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Brain Trust: Neuroscience and national security in the 21st century

Jonathan D. Moreno.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 4840 words.

Bioethics literature on national security issues is surprisingly sparse and the implications of neuroscience for national security are of increasing public and scholarly interest. This...

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Chemical Cognitive Enhancement: Is it Unfair, Unjust, Discriminatory, or Cheating for Healthy Adults to Use Smart Drugs?

John Harris.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 3846 words.

This article states that drugs could be used to produce, if not more intelligent individuals, at least individuals with better cognitive functioning. Cognitive functioning is something that...

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Clinical Research On Conditions Affecting Cognitive Capacity

Samia Hurst.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 7987 words.

Research is crucial to improve medicine's ability to care for the sick, and this includes research on conditions affecting cognition. This article focuses on whether persons suffering from...

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Cognitive Enhancement

Thomas Metzinger and Elisabeth Hildt.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 10209 words.

Cognitive enhancement aims at optimizing a specific class of information-processing functions: cognitive functions, physically realized by the human brain. This article deals with ethical...

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Cognitive Enhancement in Courts

Anders Sandberg, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Julian Savulescu.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 5195 words.

Human cognitive performance has crucial significance for legal process, often creating the difference between fair and unfair imprisonment. Lawyers, judges, and jurors need to follow long...

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Deep Brain Stimulation For Treatment-Resistant Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Debra J.H. Mathews, Peter V. Rabins and Benjamin D. Greenberg.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 6462 words.

This article reviews some of the ethical issues raised by the emergence and use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) as a treatment for neuropsychiatric disorders. Issues include concerns about...

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Development of the Adolescent Brain: Neuroethical Implications for the Understanding of Executive Function and Social Cognition

Monica Luciana.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 12387 words.

Brain research has informed many recent studies of adolescent development either through direct measures of brain structure and activity in neuroimaging studies or through behavioral...

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Developmental Disorders

Gaia Scerif and Rachel Wu.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 16897 words.

Tracing the development of attentional deficits and their cascading effects in genetically and functionally defined disorders allows an understanding of intertwined developing systems on...

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Developmental Perspectives on the Physical Symptoms of Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents

Claire Sadler and Rebecka Peebles.

in The Oxford Handbook of Child and Adolescent Eating Disorders: Developmental Perspectives

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Clinical Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 16020 words.

Children and adolescents with eating disorders are likely to present with or develop medical complications that require early intervention and treatment. This chapter discusses the most...

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The Developmental Psychopathology Perspective on Externalizing Behavior Dimensions and Externalizing Disorders

Stephen P. Hinshaw and Theodore P. Beauchaine.

in The Oxford Handbook of Externalizing Spectrum Disorders

November 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 9093 words.

This chapter highlights key principles of developmental psychopathology (DP), the discipline that eschews static models, universal and unbending laws of development, and inflexible...

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Does Cognitive Enhancement Fit with the Physiology of Our Cognition?

Hervé Chneiweiss.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 6601 words.

Neuroscience opens new avenues to alleviate neurological and psychiatric disorders and presents targeted ways to control and enhance vegetative (being awake or asleep, and appetite and...

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Ethical Concerns And Pitfalls In Neurogenetic Testing

Ging-Yuek Robin Hsiung.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 10996 words.

This article explores some of the issues that arise in the post-human genome era and uses various cases to illustrate some of the scenarios that a clinician may encounter in...

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Ethical issues in Educational Neuroscience: Raising children in a Brave New World

Zachary Stein, Bruno Della Chiesa, Christina Hinton and Kurt W. Fischer.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 10319 words.

A growing international movement, called educational neuroscience, aims to inform educational research, policy, and practice with neuroscience and cognitive science research. The research...

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Ethical Issues in Functional Neurosurgery: Emerging Applications and Controversies

Nir Lipsman and Mark Bernstein.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 5588 words.

This article discusses ethical questions in neurosurgery as falling into two categories, namely those surrounding what neurosurgeons are currently doing, i.e. their current practices, and...

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Ethical Issues In The Management Of Parkinson’S Disease

Silke Appel-Cresswell and A. Jon Stoessl.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 13696 words.

The illness causes patients to suffer from increasingly severe and widespread dysfunction of the central nervous system leading to disturbances of sleep, sense of smell, autonomic function,...

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The Ethical Issues of Trials of Neural Grafting in Patients with Neurodegenerative Conditions

Roger A. Barker and Alasdair Coles.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 5724 words.

Effective treatments of neurodegenerative disorders are increasing in importance, as the prevalence of these conditions increases with an aging population. The ethical issues around the...

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Ethical Perspectives: Clinical Drug Trials In Developing Countries

Craig Van Dyke.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 10325 words.

This article addresses the expansion of clinical trials to the developing world as part of the globalization process. Driven initially by the need to reduce costs and the potential to...

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