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Cognitive Neuroscience x Cognitive Psychology x clear all

Abnormalities of Event-Related Potential Components in Schizophrenia

Brian F. O'Donnell, Dean F. Salisbury, Margaret A. Niznikiewicz, Colleen A. Brenner and Jenifer L. Vohs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 18623 words.

Schizophrenia is a disabling psychotic illness that has been associated with alterations in synaptic connectivity and neurotransmission. Since event-related potential (ERP) components are...

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The acoustic environment

William J. Davies.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 17650 words.

This article provides an overview of what shapes the acoustic signals that arrive at the ear. There are three physical processes which are capable of generating audible sound: a vibrating...

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The afferent synapse

Jonathan Ashmore.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Ear

January 2010; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 12981 words.

This article introduces a number of critical features of the afferent synapse with particular reference to mammalian hearing. The auditory synapse is the first relay point for the input of...

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Aging changes in the central auditory system

Robert D. Frisina.

in The Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Auditory Brain

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 11364 words.

This article examines age-related changes in the central auditory system from anatomical and neurochemical vantage points, and then the functional consequences of these structural changes...

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Alignment in dialogue

Simon Garrod and Martin J. Pickering.

August 2007; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 6655 words.

This article argues that psycholinguists need to think in a different way to understand processing in dialogue. According to this view, interlocutors do not use language to encode and...

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Alterations of ERP Components in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Rolf Verleger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13837 words.

This chapter reviews event-related potential (ERP) studies in patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases. Such studies have been conducted from two different points of view: using...

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Analogy and Relational Reasoning

Keith J. Holyoak.

in The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

March 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 18509 words.

Analogy is an inductive mechanism based on structured comparisons of mental representations. It is an important special case of role-based relational reasoning, in which inferences are...

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Animal Metacognition

J. David Smith, Michael J. Beran and Justin J. Couchman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 14485 words.

Metacognition refers to the monitoring and control of basic cognitive processes. The presumption is that some minds have a cognitive executive that oversees and regulates thinking and...

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Applications of Neuroscience to Mathematics Education

Bert De Smedt and Roland H. Grabner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

July 2015; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Educational Psychology. 10987 words.

In this chapter, we explore three types of applications of neuroscience to mathematics education: neurounderstanding, neuroprediction, and neurointervention. Neurounderstanding refers to...

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Arthropod NavigationAnts, Bees, Crabs, Spiders Finding Their Way

Ken Cheng.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13699 words.

Arthropods are a much-studied group of animals. They include insects, spiders, and hard-shelled invertebrates such as crabs. This chapter reviews four broad topics on the navigational...

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Artificial Categories and Prototype Effects in Animals

Masako Jitsumori.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 11637 words.

This chapter reviews studies documenting that nonhuman animals, such as pigeons and monkeys, are capable of learning artificial categories created based on assumptions concerning the...

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Associative Accounts of Causality Judgments

Martha Escobar and Ralph R. Miller.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13551 words.

This chapter reviews the successes and failures of associative theory as an account of causal learning, the most prominent alternative approaches, and a possible reconciliation of these...

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Audiovisual Cross-Modal Correspondences in the General Population

Cesare Parise and Charles Spence.

in Oxford Handbook of Synesthesia

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 11338 words.

For more than a century now, researchers have acknowledged the existence of seemingly arbitrary crossmodal congruency effects between dimensions of sensory stimuli in the general (i.e.,...

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Audiovisual speech perception and word recognition

Dominic W. Massaro and Alexandra Jesse.

August 2007; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 12161 words.

This article gives an overview of the main research questions and findings unique to audiovisual speech perception research, and discusses what general questions about speech perception and...

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Auditory attention

Charles Spence and Valerio Santangelo.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 11031 words.

This article focuses on the phenomenon of auditory attention. It briefly reviews the key empirical findings to have emerged from studies of auditory selective attention over the last fifty...

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Auditory basis of language and learning disorders

Lorna F. Halliday and David R. Moore.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13421 words.

Language and learning disorders are defined as any delay or deviance in an individual's normal language and cognitive development, which cannot be explained by a lack of opportunity to...

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Auditory development and learning

Karen Mattock, Sygal Amitay and David R. Moore.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 15477 words.

Auditory system function is constantly changing in response to internal and external forces; genetic, disease, and experience. This article addresses the changing nature of auditory...

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Auditory organization

Benjamin J. Dyson.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 15771 words.

This article provides a detailed account of auditory organization: How the auditory system separates out the sounds from different sources, and groups together the sounds from the same...

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Auditory perception: Interactions with vision

Charles Spence and Salvador Soto-Faraco.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13161 words.

What is heard is determined by much more than the sounds entering the ears, and the real-world perception needs to be understood as a multisensory experience. This article describes how...

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Auditory perceptual organization

Susan Denham and István Winkler.

in The Oxford Handbook of Perceptual Organization

August 2015; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 11966 words.

Sounds carry information about things that happen in our environment and so the sense of auditory perception is primarily concerned with interpreting the unfolding of events in time. In...

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