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Cognitive Neuroscience x Social Psychology x clear all

Alexithymia from the Social Neuroscience Perspective

Sylvie Berthoz, Lydia Pouga and Michele Wessa.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 18144 words.

Alexithymia is a multifaceted personality construct characterized by the impaired ability to reflect on and regulate one’s own emotions. This chapter refers to a wide range of domains of...

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Altruism

Stephanie D. Preston and Frans B. M. de Waal.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 15335 words.

This chapter reviews the ultimate and proximate levels of analysis on altruism in humans, hoping to create an overarching framework that places each within a larger context that can...

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Antisocial Personality Disorders

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 7101 words.

Neuroscience research is beginning to uncover significant neurobiological impairments in antisocial, violent, and aggressive groups. The neurophysiologic basis of antisocial behavior is...

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The Asperger Syndrome

Bruno Wicker and Marie Gomot.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 19607 words.

This chapter reviews major recent findings in Asperger Syndrome (AS), ranging from behavior to neurobiology, and focusing both on social cognitive and executive processes and their...

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Attention and Decision-Making

Christopher Summerfield and Tobias Egner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 13374 words.

This chapter reviews formal models of the decision process in humans and other primates, and discusses divergent accounts of how attention might intervene to bias or facilitate judgements...

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Attitudes

William A. Cunningham, Ingrid Johnsen Haas and Andrew Jahn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 11500 words.

This chapter reviews social neuroscience research that links social psychological attitudes and evaluative processes to their presumed neural bases. The chapter is organized into four...

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Brain Development during Childhood and Adolescence

Tomáš Paus.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 13112 words.

This chapter discusses brain development during childhood and adolescence, based on findings obtained with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI contributed a wealth of information about...

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Cognition and Mobility With Aging

Karen Z. H. Li, Halina Bruce and Rachel Downey.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Health Psychology; Neuropsychology; Social Psychology. 7041 words.

Research on the interplay of cognition and mobility in old age is inherently multidisciplinary, informed by findings from life span developmental psychology, kinesiology, cognitive...

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Cognitive Consistency in Social Cognition

Skylar M. Brannon and Bertram Gawronski.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 10929 words.

The desire to maintain consistency between cognitions has been recognized by many psychologists as an important human motive. Research on this topic has been highly influential in a variety...

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The Cognitive Neuroscience of Strategic Thinking

Meghana Bhatt and Colin F. Camerer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 9036 words.

This chapter focuses on some emerging elements of a neuroscientific basis for behavioral game theory. The premise of this chapter is that game theory can be useful in helping to elucidate...

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Computational Models of Sentence Production

Franklin Chang and Hartmut Fitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Language Production

April 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Social Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 12213 words.

Sentence production involves the complex interaction of meanings, words, and structures. These interactions are language-specific and to understand them, it is useful to build computational...

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Conclusion—Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience

Joan Y. Chiao, Shu-Chen Li, Rebecca Seligman and Robert Turner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience

December 2015; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 5137 words.

The chapters in this scholarly collection represent the foundations of the conceptual and empirical approaches in cultural neuroscience and the potential for this field to address...

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Critical Role of Social–Cognitive Age Representations

Alison Chasteen, Maria Iankilevitch, Jordana Schiralli and Veronica Bergstrom.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; Social Psychology. 10286 words.

In 2016, Statistics Canada released the results of the most recent census. For the first time ever, the proportion of Canadians aged 65-plus years surpassed the proportion aged 15 and...

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Cross-Cultural Differences in Memory

Angela H. Gutchess and Sarah Huff.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience

December 2015; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 11374 words.

This chapter reviews the literature on the effects of culture on memory, focusing on the comparison of Easterners and Westerners. The chapter opens with a consideration of the mechanisms...

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Cultural Differences in Emotional Expressions and Body Language

Beatrice de Gelder and Elisabeth M.J. Huis In 'T Veld.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience

December 2015; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 9197 words.

As our environment becomes increasingly more international, we are interacting increasingly more with people from different cultures. During social interactions, it is important to respond...

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Cultural Distance: A Computational Approach to Exploring Cultural Influences on Music Cognition

Steven J. Morrison, Steven M. Demorest and Marcus T. Pearce.

in The Oxford Handbook of Music and the Brain

July 2019; p ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 10977 words.

Although music is a universal phenomenon, the structural features that characterize specific music traditions reflect the unique cultures in which those traditions reside. Consequently,...

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Cultural Neuroscience and Neurophilosophy

George Northoff.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience

December 2015; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 13790 words.

Many studies show the cultural dependence of the brain’s neural activity, but the underlying mechanisms of such “enculturation of brain” are unclear. How it is possible for the neural...

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Cultural Neuroscience in South Africa

Dan J. Stein, Joan Y. Chiao and Jack van Honk.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience

December 2015; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 6141 words.

South Africa may be a particularly useful exemplar with which to consider some of the potential promises and pitfalls of cultural neuroscience. This chapter draws on our experience as...

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Cultural Neuroscience of Identity Development

Alissa J. Mrazek, Tokiko Harada and Joan Y. Chiao.

in The Oxford Handbook of Identity Development

January 2015; p ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Social Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 9667 words.

Identity development is conceptualized as a series of distinct stages in the developmental pathway, including acquisition of self-knowledge, establishment of independence and personal...

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The Cultural Neuroscience of Intergroup Bias

Bobby K. Cheon and Ying-yi Hong.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience

December 2015; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 16549 words.

Culture defines how groups, and the individuals situated within them, conceptualize and navigate relationships with in-group and out-group members. How diversity in these group processes...

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