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Defining Gender

Matthew J. Perry.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Law and Society

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality; Greek and Roman Law. 5346 words.

This chapter examines how law contributed to the definition and establishment of gender in the Roman world, and ways that gender shaped the law. Lawmakers and jurists established distinct...

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Gender

Sylvia Parsons and David Townsend.

in The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Latin Literature

January 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Gender and Sexuality. 11044 words.

The pervasively male authorship and audience of medieval Latin literary culture powerfully naturalizes an ideology that allows the relativity of the tradition's gendered constructions to...

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Gender in Hesiod: A Poetics of the Powerless

Suzanne Lye.

in The Oxford Handbook of Hesiod

September 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Poetry; Gender and Sexuality. 8016 words.

Hesiod’s famous misogyny is part of a larger “poetics of the powerless” that pervades his epics. The poetic persona of his epics establishes a hierarchy of gender as a defense against his...

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Gender in Roman Britain

Melanie Sherratt and Alison Moore.

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 8617 words.

Despite an increasing interest in social identity, the topic of gender identity remains under-theorized within Romano-British archaeology: gender categories are often assumed to be fixed...

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Gender in Roman Britain

Melanie Sherratt and Alison Moore.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Britain

September 2016; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 8636 words.

Despite an increasing interest in social identity, the topic of gender identity remains under-theorized within Romano-British archaeology: gender categories are often assumed to be fixed...

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Gender Issues and Daily Life

Tal Ilan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Gender and Sexuality. 8633 words.

This article describes the daily life of Jewish women. It shows how and where women's experience can be compared with, and even connected to, those of men. It determines the major types of...

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Gender Studies

Marilyn B. Skinner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies

August 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Greek History; Gender and Sexuality. 4650 words.

This article examines the meaning given within different social structures to human individuals, whose relationship even with their own bodies is culturally determined. While ‘gender’ is...

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Gender Studies

Anthony Corbeill.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Gender and Sexuality. 5948 words.

Writers in ancient Rome devoted considerable energy to the investigation of gender, revealing a deep interest in the nature of masculinity and femininity as well as in a third category that...

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Literacy and Gender

Brigitte Lion.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Gender and Sexuality; Historical Archaeology. 10966 words.

This article investigates the relation between gender and cuneiform literacy in ancient Mesopotamia. It suggests that the apparent exclusion of women from written culture needs to be...

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Men at War

Lawrence A. Tritle.

in The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Gender and Sexuality. 6784 words.

This chapter elaborates the understanding on Greek and Roman men at war. Preparation for battle in the ancient world was carefully approached. Military training at Rome was no less severe...

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Retrosexuality

Amy Richlin.

in The Oxford Handbook to the Second Sophistic

December 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Gender and Sexuality. 10673 words.

This chapter argues that Second Sophistic texts express the erotic in terms of the past: retrosexuality. Starting from the all-male bilingual dinner party at Gellius 19.9, the discussion...

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Roman Prostitutes and Marginalization

Thomas A. J. McGinn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 8272 words.

This article examines the marginalization of Roman prostitutes. It first looks at how prostitutes were marginalized, including the mechanisms that were used to move them to the very edges...

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Sex and Sexuality

Larry Scanlon.

in The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Latin Literature

January 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Gender and Sexuality; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 9259 words.

This article analyzes the ways that Latin texts not only reflect but also fundamentally inflect the production of a central aspect of the interior self, namely, sexuality. Two tenacious...

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Sexuality

Rebecca Flemming.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Gender and Sexuality. 8716 words.

Roman sexuality is only just emerging from the scholarly shadows. As the sexual domain became a valid, and increasingly vital, subject of historical enquiry, it was classical Greece that...

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Sexuality and Gender

Laura McClure.

in The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies

August 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Greek History; Gender and Sexuality. 4987 words.

In discussing sexual identity, this article focuses on specific issues in understanding how individuals could be constructed as sexual beings. The ancient Greeks themselves had no specific...

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Women

Kristina Milnor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Gender and Sexuality. 6282 words.

What is a woman? Is ‘women’ most appropriately a category of biology? Of society or culture? Of language? Is naming oneself a woman a right? A responsibility? A burden? These questions are...

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Women and Patriarchy in Roman Law

Eva Cantarella.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Law and Society

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Greek and Roman Law; Gender and Sexuality. 7359 words.

During the centuries between the date of the mythical founding of Rome and the first decades of the sixth century AD when Justinian’s Corpus Iuris Civilis was enacted, the legal condition...

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Women as Legal Actors

Verena Halbwachs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Law and Society

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Greek and Roman Law; Gender and Sexuality. 6912 words.

Women as legally acting individuals rather than as tangential actors are to be found in the classical sources more often than is generally assumed. This is borne out by literary reports as...

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Women in Roman Society

Kristina Milnor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 7126 words.

This article takes a look at women in Roman society. It first examines Galen's On Prognosis, which provides a view of the wide range of social roles and relationships that women could have...

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