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annona (other products)

Carlos Machado.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 6279 words.

The annona was the imperial service responsible for overseeing the supply of key food items to the city of Rome and the army. Primarily concerned with grain, the service became increasingly...

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auctions

Jean Andreau.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 2524 words.

An auction is a type of sale consisting of a public competition between several buyers; whoever bids the highest price obtains the object being sold. Such auctions existed in the Greek as...

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euergetism

Arjan Zuiderhoek.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Greek History; Ancient Roman History. 3870 words.

Euergetism is the modern scholarly term, derived from the ancient Greek euergetes (benefactor), to denote the phenomenon of elite gift-giving to cities (or to groups within...

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frugality (frugalitas) and parsimony (parsimonia)

Grant Nelsestuen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 2971 words.

Arising from the agrarian and domestic contexts of classical antiquity, the notion of “frugality” (frugalitas) was a positive, desirable, and in many respects distinctively Roman concept...

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gifts and giving, Roman

Neil Coffee.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 2822 words.

Romans not only gave gifts to express emotion and build relationships; a long-standing tradition of mutual aid gave rise to more intensive exchange of gifts and services (or reciprocity),...

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maritime loans

Dominic W. Rathbone.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Law; Ancient Roman History. 1366 words.

In the ancient Greek and Roman worlds, centred as they were on the Mediterranean, maritime transport was far more practical than land transport for long- and even medium-distance trade. Most ships...

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Panskoye I

Vladimir F. Stolba.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Historical Geography; Ancient Greek History; Greek and Roman Archaeology; Religion in the Ancient World. 7289 words.

Panskoye I is one of the most prominent and best-studied settlements in the rural territory of Chersonesus on the Tarkhankut Peninsula (north-western Crimea). Founded in the late 5th...

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senate, regal and republican period

Arnaldo Momigliano and Tim Cornell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History; Greek and Roman Law. 1591 words.

In the time of the *Gracchi (c.133–121 bce) the senate was a body of around 300 wealthy men of aristocratic birth, most of them ex-magistrates. Although the sources tend to assume that this state of...

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tribute lists, Athenian

Malcolm F. McGregor and P. J. Rhodes.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Greek History. 419 words.

Tribute lists (Athenian), records of the aparchai (first-fruits; pl. of *aparchē) of one-sixtieth given as an offering to *Athena from the tribute paid by the members of the *Delian League after the...

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wealth, Roman attitudes towards

Gloria Vivenza and Neville Morley.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 4429 words.

Roman attitudes to wealth were complex and sometimes ambivalent. Wealth was an essential basis for political and social life, but also a topic of extensive debate, which focused on the...

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