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annona (other products)

Carlos Machado.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 6279 words.

The annona was the imperial service responsible for overseeing the supply of key food items to the city of Rome and the army. Primarily concerned with grain, the service became increasingly...

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auctions

Jean Andreau.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 2524 words.

An auction is a type of sale consisting of a public competition between several buyers; whoever bids the highest price obtains the object being sold. Such auctions existed in the Greek as...

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Caesar [Gaius Julius Caesar] (100–44 bc), politician, author, and military commander

T. P. Wiseman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ancient Roman History; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 2402 words.

Caesar [Gaius Julius Caesar] (100–44 bc), politician, author, and military commander, was born on 13 Quinctilis (July) 100 bc, probably at Rome, the son of Gaius Julius Caesar, a patrician...

Children in the Roman Family and Beyond

Jens‐Uwe Krause.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Marriage and the Family. 9677 words.

This article demonstrates the status and conditions of Roman children in the family. The first section explains the demographic conditions of children in Roman society, including the high...

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euergetism

Arjan Zuiderhoek.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Greek History; Ancient Roman History. 3870 words.

Euergetism is the modern scholarly term, derived from the ancient Greek euergetes (benefactor), to denote the phenomenon of elite gift-giving to cities (or to groups within...

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frugality (frugalitas) and parsimony (parsimonia)

Grant Nelsestuen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 2971 words.

Arising from the agrarian and domestic contexts of classical antiquity, the notion of “frugality” (frugalitas) was a positive, desirable, and in many respects distinctively Roman concept...

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Gender in Roman Britain

Melanie Sherratt and Alison Moore.

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 8617 words.

Despite an increasing interest in social identity, the topic of gender identity remains under-theorized within Romano-British archaeology: gender categories are often assumed to be fixed...

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Gender in Roman Britain

Melanie Sherratt and Alison Moore.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Britain

September 2016; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 8636 words.

Despite an increasing interest in social identity, the topic of gender identity remains under-theorized within Romano-British archaeology: gender categories are often assumed to be fixed...

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gifts and giving, Roman

Neil Coffee.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 2822 words.

Romans not only gave gifts to express emotion and build relationships; a long-standing tradition of mutual aid gave rise to more intensive exchange of gifts and services (or reciprocity),...

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Hospitality among the Romans

John Nicols.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Marriage and the Family. 6469 words.

This article discusses the notions of hospitality, or hospitium, among the Romans and how this affected their social relations. It shows that the practice of hospitality was viewed in a...

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Making Romans in the Family

Josiah Osgood.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Marriage and the Family. 7619 words.

This article looks at the Roman family, which was the basic economic and social unit of Roman society. It studies how the family was constituted, and notes that the purpose of marriage in...

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maritime loans

Dominic W. Rathbone.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Law; Ancient Roman History. 1366 words.

In the ancient Greek and Roman worlds, centred as they were on the Mediterranean, maritime transport was far more practical than land transport for long- and even medium-distance trade. Most ships...

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Marriage and Family

Kyle Harper.

in The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity

October 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Marriage and the Family. 23873 words.

This article considers both the role of the family in the making of Late Antiquity and the place of Late Antiquity in the history of the family. It begins with a brief survey of the rise of...

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Roman Prostitutes and Marginalization

Thomas A. J. McGinn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 8272 words.

This article examines the marginalization of Roman prostitutes. It first looks at how prostitutes were marginalized, including the mechanisms that were used to move them to the very edges...

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senate, regal and republican period

Arnaldo Momigliano and Tim Cornell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History; Greek and Roman Law. 1591 words.

In the time of the *Gracchi (c.133–121 bce) the senate was a body of around 300 wealthy men of aristocratic birth, most of them ex-magistrates. Although the sources tend to assume that this state of...

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wealth, Roman attitudes towards

Gloria Vivenza and Neville Morley.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 4429 words.

Roman attitudes to wealth were complex and sometimes ambivalent. Wealth was an essential basis for political and social life, but also a topic of extensive debate, which focused on the...

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Women in Roman Society

Kristina Milnor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 7126 words.

This article takes a look at women in Roman society. It first examines Galen's On Prognosis, which provides a view of the wide range of social roles and relationships that women could have...

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