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African Christianity

Thomas Spear.

in African Studies

P ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 20420 words.

Christianity in Africa goes back to the earliest days of the church, when it spread along the Mediterranean and Red Sea coastlands of north and northeast Africa and their hinterlands....

African Oral and Written Traditions

Harold Scheub.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 7066 words.

It is the task of the storyteller, in both the oral and written traditions of Africa, to forge the fantasy images of the past into masks of the realistic images of the present, enabling the...

African Traditional Religion

Wyatt MacGaffey.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 9491 words.

The term “African Traditional Religion” is used in two complementary senses. Loosely, it encompasses all African beliefs and practices that are considered religious but neither Christian...

Aid and Economic Development

Alice N. Sindzingre.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 14024 words.

The analysis of the relationships between foreign aid—also called “official development assistance” (ODA)—and economic development is a core issue in the disciplines of development...

Aid and Economic Development

Alice N. Sindzingre.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 14024 words.

The analysis of the relationships between foreign aid—also called “official development assistance” (ODA)—and economic development is a core issue in the disciplines of development...

Algeria

Phillip Naylor.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 12584 words.

Algeria, Africa’s largest country, remains understudied except for its modern history, which features an oppressive colonialism, a dramatic war of decolonization, and a contentious...

Angola

W. Martin James.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 9981 words.

Angola is a land of contrast. It has abundant natural resources such as petroleum, diamonds, phosphate, timber, and fish. It also has numerous rivers for hydroelectric energy and fertile...

Angola

W. Martin James.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 9981 words.

Angola is a land of contrast. It has abundant natural resources such as petroleum, diamonds, phosphate, timber, and fish. It also has numerous rivers for hydroelectric energy and fertile...

Arabic Language and Literature

Aida Bamia.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 22369 words.

There is a general tendency to confuse Arab and Muslim identities. While the majority of Arabs are Muslim, most Muslims are not Arabs. There are also non-Muslim Arabs. The first Arab...

Archaeology and the Study of Africa

Ann B. Stahl.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 16084 words.

Africa is the birthplace of humankind and a continent of tremendous social and cultural diversity. As such, knowledge of Africa’s past is central to understanding our species’ deep history;...

Archaeology of Eastern Africa

Matthew Davies.

in African Studies

P ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 31456 words.

Defined here as Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania (and, where appropriate, adjacent regions), eastern Africa has among the deepest archaeological records on the planet. Some of the oldest stone...

Archaeology of Eastern Africa

Matthew Davies.

in African Studies

P ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 31456 words.

Defined here as Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania (and, where appropriate, adjacent regions), eastern Africa has among the deepest archaeological records on the planet. Some of the oldest stone...

Archaeology of Southern Africa

Peter Mitchell.

in African Studies

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10967 words.

Southern Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique) boasts one of the world’s longest archaeological records and its 3.5 million square...

Art, Art History, and the Study of Africa

Patrick McNaughton and Diane Pelrine.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 12881 words.

African cultures have created sumptuous and subtle art in numerous materials for many millennia. Change has been constant, as we know from the ancient arts of Nigeria, Zimbabwe, and Mali....

Arts of Central Africa

Allen F. Roberts.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 13623 words.

Central Africa consists of the Democratic Republic of the Congo or DRC, the Republic of the Congo or Congo/Brazza, the Central African Republic or CAR, and the Republics of Chad, Burundi,...

Arts of Western Africa

Mary Jo Arnoldi.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 17496 words.

West African arts include many of the most outstanding works from the continent and in the world. Home to both large empires and nomadic groups, this region has produced cultures that have...

Asante and the Akan and Mossi States

Pashington Obeng.

in African Studies

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 16148 words.

Studies of the Asante, Akan, and Mossi show the importance of migration, language, identity, polity, trade, and state expansion. Earlier works focused exclusively on either the Akan and the...

Belgian Colonial Rule

Matthew G. Stanard.

in African Studies

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 15184 words.

Central Africa’s long history witnessed growing connections to the world beyond as a result of the Atlantic slave trade and then increasing activity by East African Swahili traders and...

Benin (Dahomey)

Mathurin C. Houngnikpo.

in African Studies

P ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 16141 words.

Benin is the site of the former West African kingdom of Dahomey that gained prominence around 1600. The kingdom became a regional power for the following two-and-a-half centuries, thanks to...

British Colonial Rule in Sub-Saharan Africa

Timothy H. Parsons.

in African Studies

P ublished online November 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 19168 words.

The British Empire in Africa went through several distinct phases. From the heyday of the Atlantic slave trade to the mid-19th century, the British imperial presence was limited to a small...