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Abbott, Evelyn (1843–1901), classical scholar

J. L. Strachan-Davidson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Classical Studies. 651 words.

Abbott, Evelyn (1843–1901), classical scholar, was born at Epperstone, Nottinghamshire, on 10 March 1843, the third of the five sons of Evelyn Abbott, a farmer and landowner, and his wife,...

adaeratio

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and Michael Crawford.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Law. 222 words.

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Adam, Alexander (1741–1809), schoolmaster and classical scholar

J. B. Paul.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Classical Studies. 1095 words.

Adam, Alexander (1741–1809), schoolmaster and classical scholar, was born on 24 June 1741 at Coats of Burgie, a small farm in the parish of Rafford, Moray, the youngest child of the large...

Adam, James (1860–1907), classical scholar and philosopher

Peter Giles.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Philosophy; Classical Studies. 1118 words.

Adam, James (1860–1907), classical scholar and philosopher, born on 7 April 1860 at Kinmuck in the parish of Keithhall near Inverurie in Aberdeenshire, was second child and only son of...

Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar

Vivian Nutton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Education; Classical Studies. 1288 words.

Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and...

Adoption and Fosterage in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean

Sabine R. Huebner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Childhood and Education in the Classical World

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 11669 words.

This chapter focuses on the practice of adoption and fosterage in the Eastern Mediterranean, a family strategy that is, compared with its equivalent in the Roman West, understudied. She...

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aerarii

Andrew Dominic Edwards Lewis.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Law. 99 words.

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aerarium

Graham Burton.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Law; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 418 words.

Aerarium, derived from aes, denotes ‘treasury’. The main aerarium of Rome was the aerarium Saturni, so called from the temple below the Capitol, in which it was placed. Here were kept state...

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Aesop and Animal Fable

Jeremy B. Lefkowitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 11609 words.

This chapter examines the tensions between the symbolic valence of anthropomorphic animals and authentic concerns about real animals in fables of ancient times. It provides an overview of...

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alimenta

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Antony Spawforth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Law. 424 words.

The purpose of the alimentary foundations in the Roman empire was to give an allowance for feeding children, and this was achieved by the investment of capital in mortgage on land, the...

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Allen, Alexander (1814–1842), philologist and classical scholar

James Mew.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Linguistics; Classical Studies. 346 words.

Allen, Alexander (1814–1842), philologist and classical scholar, was born at Hackney, Middlesex, on 23 September 1814, the son of John Allen (1771–1839), a dissenting layman and author of A...

Allen, Thomas William (1862–1950), Greek scholar and palaeographer

N. G. Wilson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Classical Studies. 476 words.

Allen, Thomas William (1862–1950), Greek scholar and palaeographer, was born on 9 May 1862 at 103 Camden Road Villas, Camden New Town, London, the eldest of five children of Thomas Bull...

The Ancient Child in School

W. Martin Bloomer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Childhood and Education in the Classical World

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 9130 words.

This chapter offers a child-centered account of the history of education in the Greek and Roman worlds. A sketch of the introduction and adaptation of training in literacy stresses the...

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Ancient Fishing and Fish Farming

Geoffrey Kron.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 5584 words.

This article focuses on fishing and fish farming in ancient Greece and Rome. It discusses evidence showing the important place occupied by fish and shellfish in Graeco-Roman culinary...

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Ancient Fossil Discoveries and Interpretations

Adrienne Mayor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 4639 words.

This chapter examines the discoveries and interpretations of fossil discoveries in ancient times. It analyses nearly one hundred accounts from more than thirty ancient authors, from...

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Animal Communication

Thorsten Fögen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 8127 words.

This chapter examines references to forms of animal communication in ancient Greek and Roman literature. It analyses prose texts from the fourth century BC until the third century AD, which...

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Animal Husbandry

Geoffrey Kron.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 14205 words.

In ancient Greece and Rome, there is evidence that animal husbandry was a technically sophisticated and productive enterprise. Archaeozoological studies show that the size of livestock was...

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Animal Magic

Daniel Ogden.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 8229 words.

This chapter examines the role of animals in magic in antiquity. It considers the four main ways by which the world of animals intersected with the world of magic in antiquity. These...

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Animal Sacrifice in Antiquity

Gunnel Ekroth.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 16948 words.

In ancient Greece and Rome, animal sacrifice was performed as a ritual to communicate with the gods, heroes, and other divine beings. Such rituals were meant to ask the divine recipients...

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Animals and Divination

Peter Struck.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 7125 words.

This chapter examines the role of animals in divination in ancient times. It discusses ancient observers’ interpretation of signs coming from instinctive animal behaviour and from the...

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