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annona (other products)

Carlos Machado.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 6279 words.

The annona was the imperial service responsible for overseeing the supply of key food items to the city of Rome and the army. Primarily concerned with grain, the service became increasingly...

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auctions

Jean Andreau.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 2524 words.

An auction is a type of sale consisting of a public competition between several buyers; whoever bids the highest price obtains the object being sold. Such auctions existed in the Greek as...

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Caesar [Gaius Julius Caesar] (100–44 bc), politician, author, and military commander

T. P. Wiseman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ancient Roman History; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 2402 words.

Caesar [Gaius Julius Caesar] (100–44 bc), politician, author, and military commander, was born on 13 Quinctilis (July) 100 bc, probably at Rome, the son of Gaius Julius Caesar, a patrician...

Children in the Roman Family and Beyond

Jens‐Uwe Krause.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Marriage and the Family. 9677 words.

This article demonstrates the status and conditions of Roman children in the family. The first section explains the demographic conditions of children in Roman society, including the high...

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The Different Life Stages: From Childhood to Old Age

Jonathan Schofer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Marriage and the Family. 7555 words.

This article examines approaches to the topic of life cycles among Jews in Roman Palestine. It first identifies the methodological issues associated with comparing the Jewish and (Graeco-)...

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euergetism

Arjan Zuiderhoek.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Greek History; Ancient Roman History. 3870 words.

Euergetism is the modern scholarly term, derived from the ancient Greek euergetes (benefactor), to denote the phenomenon of elite gift-giving to cities (or to groups within...

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Family and Society

Beryl Rawson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Marriage and the Family. 6671 words.

For Roman society, the definition of ‘the family’ is now one of the most hotly debated topics. This article focuses on the society of Rome and Italy, as well as the Western Roman Empire,...

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Food, Eating, and Meals

David Kraemer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Marriage and the Family. 7832 words.

This article takes a look at the Jewish diet in Palestine. It shows what the Jews in Roman Palestine ate, and determines to what degree there was a uniquely Jewish diet in antiquity. It...

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Friendship, Love, and Marriage

Eva Cantarella.

in The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies

August 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Greek History; Marriage and the Family. 4538 words.

Friendship, love, and marriage are three different types of personal relationship. The first and main difference considered in this article is the fact that friendship and love are...

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frugality (frugalitas) and parsimony (parsimonia)

Grant Nelsestuen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 2971 words.

Arising from the agrarian and domestic contexts of classical antiquity, the notion of “frugality” (frugalitas) was a positive, desirable, and in many respects distinctively Roman concept...

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Gender in Roman Britain

Melanie Sherratt and Alison Moore.

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 8617 words.

Despite an increasing interest in social identity, the topic of gender identity remains under-theorized within Romano-British archaeology: gender categories are often assumed to be fixed...

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Gender in Roman Britain

Melanie Sherratt and Alison Moore.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Britain

September 2016; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 8636 words.

Despite an increasing interest in social identity, the topic of gender identity remains under-theorized within Romano-British archaeology: gender categories are often assumed to be fixed...

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Gender Issues and Daily Life

Tal Ilan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Gender and Sexuality. 8633 words.

This article describes the daily life of Jewish women. It shows how and where women's experience can be compared with, and even connected to, those of men. It determines the major types of...

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Gender Studies

Marilyn B. Skinner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies

August 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Greek History; Gender and Sexuality. 4650 words.

This article examines the meaning given within different social structures to human individuals, whose relationship even with their own bodies is culturally determined. While ‘gender’ is...

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Gender Studies

Anthony Corbeill.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Gender and Sexuality. 5948 words.

Writers in ancient Rome devoted considerable energy to the investigation of gender, revealing a deep interest in the nature of masculinity and femininity as well as in a third category that...

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gifts and giving, Roman

Neil Coffee.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Ancient Roman History. 2822 words.

Romans not only gave gifts to express emotion and build relationships; a long-standing tradition of mutual aid gave rise to more intensive exchange of gifts and services (or reciprocity),...

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Hospitality among the Romans

John Nicols.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Marriage and the Family. 6469 words.

This article discusses the notions of hospitality, or hospitium, among the Romans and how this affected their social relations. It shows that the practice of hospitality was viewed in a...

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The Household Economy

Alexei Sivertsev.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Marriage and the Family. 8052 words.

This article is concerned with Jewish household economy. It considers source material and the various approaches of scholarship on the topic, and then describes the production activities of...

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Making Romans in the Family

Josiah Osgood.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Marriage and the Family. 7619 words.

This article looks at the Roman family, which was the basic economic and social unit of Roman society. It studies how the family was constituted, and notes that the purpose of marriage in...

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maritime loans

Dominic W. Rathbone.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Law; Ancient Roman History. 1366 words.

In the ancient Greek and Roman worlds, centred as they were on the Mediterranean, maritime transport was far more practical than land transport for long- and even medium-distance trade. Most ships...

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