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You are looking at 1-17 of 17 items for:

Social Sciences x Greek and Roman Archaeology x clear all

aerarium

Graham Burton.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Law; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 418 words.

Aerarium, derived from aes, denotes ‘treasury’. The main aerarium of Rome was the aerarium Saturni, so called from the temple below the Capitol, in which it was placed. Here were kept state...

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artisans and craftsmen

Cameron Hawkins.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 4367 words.

The social worlds of artisans and craftsmen were structured around skill on both conceptual and practical levels. On a conceptual level, artisans employed skill (τέχνη / ars) as a crucial...

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baking, Roman

Jared T. Benton.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; History of Science and Technology; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 3384 words.

The earliest Roman bakers almost certainly made bread for their own households, but not for sale to the public. Pliny the Elder tells us in his Natural History (18.28) that among the quirites of...

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Carrara

T. W. Potter.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Historical Geography; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 156 words.

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congiarium

Michael Crawford.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 81 words.

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dēmiourgoi

Frank William Walbank and P. J. Rhodes.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 259 words.

Dēmiourgoi, ‘public workers’, are in *Homer such independent craftsmen as metalworkers, potters, and masons, and also seers, doctors, bards, and heralds. *Plato (1) and *Xenophon (1) use the word...

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Docimium

Stephen Mitchell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 176 words.

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Food Processing and Preparation

Robert I. Curtis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Engineering and Technology in the Classical World

December 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Archaeology; Marriage and the Family. 10388 words.

This article describes the processing and preparation of Greco-Roman food. There are several reasons why plant and animal products underwent processing. The processing of cereals, namely...

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fulling

Miko Flohr.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online October 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 3147 words.

The practice of fulling woollen garments was never part of an integrated textile production chain in the Greco-Roman world, though in several contexts, there were developments towards...

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gift, Greece

G. Herman.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 638 words.

In the Homeric poems, gift-giving perhaps receives more attention than any other peaceful heroic activity. It has three outstanding features. First, gifts have an extremely wide range of...

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glass

Frederick Norman Pryce and Michael Vickers.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; History of Science and Technology; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 526 words.

Glass (ὕαλος (also 'rock crystal'), vitrum). The art of producing a vitreous surface on stone, powdered quartz (faience), or clay was known in pre-dynastic Egypt and passed to Crete during the second...

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hippeis

John F. Lazenby and P. J. Rhodes.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 984 words.

In a number of Greek states the aristocracy was known as the ‘hippeis’ (e.g. *Eretria and Boeotian *Orchomenus(1); and cf. the ‘hippobotai’, of *Chalcis and, below, the Spartan élite (§ 3) and...

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latifundia

M. Stephen Spurr.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Historical Geography; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 616 words.

Latifundia (large estates) ‘have ruined Italy and are now ruining the provinces’. *Pliny (1) the Elder (HN 18. 35) put latifundia at the centre of debate about the development of the Roman rural...

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Panskoye I

Vladimir F. Stolba.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Historical Geography; Ancient Greek History; Greek and Roman Archaeology; Religion in the Ancient World. 7289 words.

Panskoye I is one of the most prominent and best-studied settlements in the rural territory of Chersonesus on the Tarkhankut Peninsula (north-western Crimea). Founded in the late 5th...

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purple

Ludwig Alfred Moritz.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 252 words.

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Thoricus

John Ellis Jones.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Historical Geography; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 205 words.

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villa

David J. Mattingly.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 567 words.

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