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Conclusion

Amy M. Froide.

in Silent Partners

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 2657 words.

Englishwomen from the middling sort on up had the skills and knowledge to invest in the new financial instruments made available by the Financial Revolution. Women became public investors...

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Conclusions

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 1866 words.

Spain’s military supplies were not an exclusively state affair. The participation and collaboration of entrepreneurs was much greater than has previously been thought. The entrepreneurs...

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Early Adopters

Amy M. Froide.

in Silent Partners

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 16254 words.

This chapter explores the women who were early adopters of the new financial investments brought about by England’s Financial Revolution. A survey is provided of female subscribers to the...

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Economic Policy and Military Supplies

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 13941 words.

This chapter looks at the military provisioning policy of the government of Spain during the eighteenth century. It analyses the differences between the general principles underlying this...

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estate

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Sociology.

A social stratum to which are attached specific rights and duties sustained by the force of legal sanction. The most obvious examples are the peasants, serfs, burghers, clergy, and nobility...

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The Financial and Political Agency of Female Investors

Amy M. Froide.

in Silent Partners

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 13310 words.

This chapter explores a number of ways in which female investors exercised financial agency: by actively managing portfolios of stocks that they inherited, instead of passively collecting...

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The Fiscal-Naval State

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 9154 words.

With the aim of offering the most comprehensive overview of the types of military entrepreneurs in Spain in the eighteenth century, this and the following chapters switch attention to...

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From the Fiscal-Military State to the Contractor State

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 5006 words.

This chapter serves as a historical introduction to the ongoing debates about the relation between state construction and warfare and the role played therein by entrepreneurs. It works from...

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Gender and Risk in the Early Stock Market

Amy M. Froide.

in Silent Partners

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 12971 words.

This chapter examines female investors’ exposure to risk in the early stock market. While today we assume women investors are less likely to take risks, in the eighteenth century this was...

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Introduction: Women as Public Investors in England

Amy M. Froide.

in Silent Partners

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 12532 words.

This chapter is an introduction to women’s place in the Financial Revolution and women’s relationship to financial capitalism from the late seventeenth and into the first half of the...

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Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 320 pages.

This book offers a new slant on the relations between warfare and state construction. Historians looking at how war funding impinged on state development, and how state growth made wars...

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Monopolist Entrepreneurs at the State’s Service

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 7479 words.

In Spain in the eighteenth century the state managed to ensure the victualling supply by granting entrepreneurs benefits such as commercial privileges and monopoly rights. This policy has...

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Monopoly versus the Market

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 10490 words.

The previous chapter addressed the state’s reaction capacity as specific supply problems occurred, such as a battle calling for mass movements of men and supplies. This chapter examines the...

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National and State Capitalism

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 15166 words.

State–entrepreneur relationships in Spain in the eighteenth century were not set in stone but evolved over successive historical junctures. This chapter tries to explain why national...

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National Market versus International Market

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 10719 words.

Historians have traditionally argued that the main driving force behind the military supply policy was the Spanish state’s mercantilist ideals. The objective of this chapter is to examine...

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The Paradigm of State Intervention

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 13444 words.

The criterion for analysing army supplies was victualling; for the Spanish navy, the preferred focus is shipbuilding. This chapter looks at eighteenth-century shipbuilding policy. At...

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Playing the Lottery for Marriage and Profit

Amy M. Froide.

in Silent Partners

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 14391 words.

This chapter examines female adventurers in the private and State lotteries of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Lotteries were popular with women from the start and many prize...

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Public and Private Business

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 10319 words.

This chapter focuses on army victualling as the most important of all military supply operations in Spain during the eighteenth century, not only in terms of the cost but also regarding the...

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Silent Partners

Amy M. Froide.

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 240 pages.

Silent Partners restores women to their part in the story of England’s Financial Revolution. Women were active participants in London’s first stock market beginning in the 1690s and on...

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The Spanish Naval Contractor State and Entrepreneurs

Rafael Torres Sánchez.

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Economic History. 10420 words.

This chapter shows that entrepreneurs played a much bigger role in naval supplies than has traditionally been thought. They took in all types of supplies such as wood, cannons, and coal,...

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