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African art

Overview page. Subjects: African Studies — British History.

This entry contains two subentries: An Overview; and Contemporary African Art.

African art presents unique potentials and challenges in terms of art historical engagement. One of...

See overview in Oxford Index

African Studies

Overview page. Subjects: British History — African Studies.

Informed writing about Africa and its people dates back to the era of the slave trade. However, most of these earlier accounts were written by travellers, traders, missionaries, and...

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Alex Salmond

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Politics.

(b. 1954).

Politician. Born in Linlithgow, Salmond studied History and Politics at St Andrews before working in banking. He was returned to the Westminster Parliament in 1987 as...

See overview in Oxford Index

Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria

John Van der Kiste.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; British History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); European History. 1742 words.

Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born Alfred Ernest Albert at Windsor Castle on 6 August 1844, the...

Allen, Francis (c. 1583–1658), politician and regicide

A. W. McIntosh.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 999 words.

Allen, Francis (c. 1583–1658), politician and regicide, was probably born in London, though nothing is as yet known of his early life or parentage. He first appears in the mid-1630s as a...

Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide

David Scott.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1117 words.

Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–...

Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide

A. W. McIntosh.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 591 words.

Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his...

Arthur Henderson

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — British History.

(1863–1935).

Labour politician. Brought up on Tyneside and apprenticed as an ironfounder, Henderson, then a fervent Gladstonian Liberal, moved slowly to the view that the political...

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Arthur (supp. fl. in or before 6th cent.), legendary warrior and supposed king of Britain

O. J. Padel.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Social and Cultural History. 14706 words.

Arthur (supp. fl. in or before 6th cent.), legendary warrior and supposed king of Britain, has an attested career that is entirely posthumous. From obscure beginnings in...

Ashe, Edward (1599–1656), cloth merchant and parliamentarian activist

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; UK Politics; British History. 3 words.

See Ashe, John

Ashe, John (1597–1659), clothier and parliamentarian activist

John Wroughton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; UK Politics; British History. 1257 words.

Ashe, John (1597–1659), clothier and parliamentarian activist, was born in Westcombe, Somerset, the eldest son of James Ashe (d. 1646), clothier, and his wife, Grace Pitt, daughter of...

Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator

Paul Hopkins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History; Social and Cultural History. 1558 words.

Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a...

Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator

D. W. Hayton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 6392 words.

Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury...

Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide

Alan Thomson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1084 words.

Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 26 May 1622 at Great Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, probably the son of William Axtell (d....

Ayo Bankole

Overview page. Subjects: African Studies — British History.

(1935–1976).

Nigerian composer and ethnomusicologist born in Lagos. His early musical education included being a chorister at Christchurch, Lagos, and in 1945 he enrolled in the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Balfour, Robert, fifth Lord Balfour of Burleigh (d. 1757), murderer and Jacobite sympathizer

Margaret D. Sankey.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; British History; Political History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 373 words.

Balfour, Robert, fifth Lord Balfour of Burleigh (d. 1757), murderer and Jacobite sympathizer, was the son of Robert Balfour, fourth Lord Balfour of Burleigh (d. 1713), and Lady Margaret...

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder

Barbara Donagan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; UK Politics; British History; Agriculture and Farming. 1554 words.

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys...

Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator

Paul Hopkins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 2652 words.

Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch...

Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide

Christopher Durston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 841 words.

Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide, was probably the son of Michael Barkstead, a London goldsmith, and his wife, Anne,...

Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator

Stephen W. Baskerville.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 1633 words.

Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third...