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Abdy, Edward Strutt (1791–1846), campaigner against slavery and racism

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 671 words.

Abdy, Edward Strutt (1791–1846), campaigner against slavery and racism, was the fifth and youngest son of Thomas Abdy Abdy, born Thomas Abdy Rutherford (1755–1798), Church of England...

Allen, William G.

Milton C. Sernett.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Education. 853 words.

Allen, William G. (1820–?), abolitionist and educator, was born in Virginia, the son of a Welshman and a free mulatto mother. After the death of both parents when he was young, Allen was...

Andrew, John Albion

James Brewer Stewart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1255 words.

Andrew, John Albion (31 May 1818–30 October 1867), reformer, antislavery advocate, and Civil War governor of Massachusetts, was born in Windham, Maine, the son of Jonathan Andrew, a farmer...

Antebellum U.S. Labor Markets

Joshua L. Rosenbloom.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Economic History; Labour History. 10521 words.

The United States economy underwent major transformations between American independence and the Civil War through rapid population growth, the development of manufacturing, the onset of...

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Ashurst, Elizabeth Ann [Eliza] (c. 1814–1850), translator and campaigner for women's rights and against slavery

Jonathan Spain.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1335 words.

Ashurst, Elizabeth Ann [Eliza] (c. 1814–1850), translator and campaigner for women's rights and against slavery, was born in Muswell Hill, Middlesex, the eldest child of William Henry...

Babington, Thomas (1758–1837), philanthropist and politician

Nigel Aston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; UK Politics; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1519 words.

Babington, Thomas (1758–1837), philanthropist and politician, was born on 18 December 1758, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Babington (1715–1776), of Rothley Temple, Rothley,...

Bailey, Gamaliel

Stanley Harrold.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Journalism; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 799 words.

Bailey, Gamaliel (03 December 1807–05 June 1859), antislavery journalist and political organizer, was born in Mount Holly, New Jersey, the son of Gamaliel Bailey, Sr., a silversmith and...

Ball, Charles

Jeannine DeLombard.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Literature; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1039 words.

Ball, Charles (1781?–?), fugitive slave, soldier, and memoirist, was born on a tobacco plantation in Calvert County, Maryland, the son of slave parents whose names are unknown. When Ball...

Ballou, Adin

Len Gougeon.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations; World History; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Politics and Law; Ethnic Politics. 1229 words.

Ballou, Adin (23 April 1803–05 August 1890), Universalist clergyman, reformer, and founder of Hopedale Community, was born in Cumberland, Rhode Island, the son of Ariel Ballou and Edilda...

Barbadoes, James G.

Roy E. Finkenbine.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 835 words.

Barbadoes, James G. (1796–22 June 1841), abolitionist and community activist., was an Nothing is known of the circumstances of his birth, early life, and education, although his surname may...

Bell, James Madison

Mamie E. Locke.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Education. 1126 words.

Bell, James Madison (03 April 1826–1902), abolitionist, poet, and lecturer, was born in Gallipolis, Ohio. His parents’ identities are unknown. At age sixteen, in 1842, he moved to...

Benezet, Anthony

Amy E. Winans.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Education. 1234 words.

Benezet, Anthony (31 January 1713–03 May 1784), abolitionist, educator, and reformer, was born in San Quentin, Picardy, France, to Jean Étienne Benezet and Judith de la Méjenelle, wealthy...

Benezet, Anthony [formerly Antoine] (1713–1784), educational reformer and abolitionist

Carla Gerona.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Education. 844 words.

Benezet, Anthony [formerly Antoine] (1713–1784), educational reformer and abolitionist, was born on 31 January 1713 in St Quentin, Picardy, France. In 1715 his wealthy protestant parents,...

Bibb, Henry Walton

Gregory S. Jackson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Journalism; Literature; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Education. 1358 words.

Bibb, Henry Walton (10 May 1815–1854), author, editor, and antislavery lecturer, was born into slavery on the plantation of David White of Shelby County, Kentucky, the son of James Bibb, a...

Bird, Francis William

Dale Baum.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1389 words.

Bird, Francis William (22 October 1809–23 May 1894), radical reformer and antislavery politician, was born in Dedham, Massachusetts, the son of George Bird, a paper mill superintendent, and...

Birney, James Gillespie

Betty Fladeland.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2015 words.

Birney, James Gillespie (04 February 1792–18 November 1857), lawyer and reformer, was born near Danville, Kentucky, the son of James Birney and Martha Reed (both of Irish extraction),...

Bowditch, Henry Ingersoll

John Harley Warner.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1847 words.

Bowditch, Henry Ingersoll (09 August 1808–14 January 1892), physician, public hygienist, and abolitionist, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, the son of Nathaniel Bowditch, a mathematician...

Brooke, Abraham

Thomas D. Hamm.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Social and Cultural History; Politics and Law; Ethnic Politics. 1106 words.

Brooke, Abraham (1806–08 March 1867), physician and radical reformer, was born at Sandy Spring, Maryland, the son of Samuel Brooke and Sarah Garrigues, farmers. The Brooke family had been...

Brown, John

F. N. Boney.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Literature; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Education. 1181 words.

Brown, John (1810?–1876), field hand and author, was born in Southampton County, Virginia, the son of slaves Joe and Nancy. For most of his life as a slave he was called Fed or Benford. At...

Brown, William Wells

R. J. M. Blackett.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Biographical Studies; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Education. 1424 words.

Brown, William Wells (1814?–06 November 1884), author and reformer, was born near Lexington, Kentucky, the son of George Higgins, a relative of his master, and Elizabeth, a slave. Dr. John...