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African Christianity

Thomas Spear.

in African Studies

P ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 20420 words.

Christianity in Africa goes back to the earliest days of the church, when it spread along the Mediterranean and Red Sea coastlands of north and northeast Africa and their hinterlands....

African Oral and Written Traditions

Harold Scheub.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 7066 words.

It is the task of the storyteller, in both the oral and written traditions of Africa, to forge the fantasy images of the past into masks of the realistic images of the present, enabling the...

African Socialism

Kelly Askew.

in African Studies

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 24574 words.

After obtaining independence from the colonial powers in the 1950s through the 1980s, newly established African states had to decide whether to pursue Western-style electoral democracy with...

African Studies

Edited by Thomas Spear.

P ublished online October 2012 .

Research Guide. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies.

Made up of a rapidly expanding range of articles written by distinguished international scholars, this dynamic, continuously updated online resource offers exclusive authoritative research...

African Traditional Religion

Wyatt MacGaffey.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 9491 words.

The term “African Traditional Religion” is used in two complementary senses. Loosely, it encompasses all African beliefs and practices that are considered religious but neither Christian...

Africans in the Atlantic World

Toby Green.

in African Studies

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 9713 words.

The place of Africans in the Atlantic world is one of enormous, and contested, significance. Demographically, they form the large majority of those who crossed the Atlantic and settled in...

Aid and Economic Development

Alice N. Sindzingre.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 14024 words.

The analysis of the relationships between foreign aid—also called “official development assistance” (ODA)—and economic development is a core issue in the disciplines of development...

Aid and Economic Development

Alice N. Sindzingre.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 14024 words.

The analysis of the relationships between foreign aid—also called “official development assistance” (ODA)—and economic development is a core issue in the disciplines of development...

Algeria

Phillip Naylor.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 12584 words.

Algeria, Africa’s largest country, remains understudied except for its modern history, which features an oppressive colonialism, a dramatic war of decolonization, and a contentious...

Ancient Egypt

Toby Wilkinson.

in African Studies

P ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10708 words.

Ancient Egypt produced the longest-lived civilization of the ancient world and one of the most stable systems of government in human history. The surviving artifacts and monuments from the...

André Brink

Isidore Diala.

in African Studies

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 20079 words.

André Philippus Brink (b. 1935—d. 2015) is acclaimed as one of South Africa’s foremost writers. Internationally renowned novelist, playwright, scholar, critic, translator, travel writer,...

Angola

W. Martin James.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 9981 words.

Angola is a land of contrast. It has abundant natural resources such as petroleum, diamonds, phosphate, timber, and fish. It also has numerous rivers for hydroelectric energy and fertile...

Angola

W. Martin James.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 9981 words.

Angola is a land of contrast. It has abundant natural resources such as petroleum, diamonds, phosphate, timber, and fish. It also has numerous rivers for hydroelectric energy and fertile...

Arab Spring

Marion W. Dixon.

in African Studies

P ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 11548 words.

The term “Arab Spring” refers to the wave of protests that swept across the Arab world beginning in December 2010 and lasting roughly through the spring of 2011. These events are referred...

Arabic Language and Literature

Aida Bamia.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 22369 words.

There is a general tendency to confuse Arab and Muslim identities. While the majority of Arabs are Muslim, most Muslims are not Arabs. There are also non-Muslim Arabs. The first Arab...

Archaeology and the Study of Africa

Ann B. Stahl.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 16084 words.

Africa is the birthplace of humankind and a continent of tremendous social and cultural diversity. As such, knowledge of Africa’s past is central to understanding our species’ deep history;...

Archaeology of Eastern Africa

Matthew Davies.

in African Studies

P ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 31456 words.

Defined here as Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania (and, where appropriate, adjacent regions), eastern Africa has among the deepest archaeological records on the planet. Some of the oldest stone...

Archaeology of Eastern Africa

Matthew Davies.

in African Studies

P ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 31456 words.

Defined here as Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania (and, where appropriate, adjacent regions), eastern Africa has among the deepest archaeological records on the planet. Some of the oldest stone...

Archaeology of Southern Africa

Peter Mitchell.

in African Studies

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10967 words.

Southern Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique) boasts one of the world’s longest archaeological records and its 3.5 million square...

Architecture

Antoni Scholtens Folkers.

in African Studies

P ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 9723 words.

This bibliography approaches the topic of architecture from a broad perspective, subdividing it into the disciplines of architectural history, building technology, urbanism, and...