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Social Sciences x Philosophy of Religion x clear all

Besant [née Wood], Annie (1847–1933), theosophist and politician in India

Anne Taylor.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Indian Politics. 3496 words.

Besant [née Wood], Annie (1847–1933), theosophist and politician in India, was born at 2 Fish Street Hill in the City of London on 1 October 1847, the only daughter of William Persse Wood (dnull...

Chemical Sciences and Natural Theology

David Knight.

in The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology

January 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 7445 words.

This chapter discusses chemistry's connection to natural theology, tracing the history of chemistry from its origins in alchemy to developments in the twentieth century. Alchemists sought...

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Codd, Clara Margaret (1876–1971), suffragette and theosophist

Heloise Brown.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Politics; Gender and Politics. 810 words.

Codd, Clara Margaret (1876–1971), suffragette and theosophist, was born on 10 October 1876 at Pill House, Bishops Tawton, Barnstaple, north Devon, the eldest of ten children of Henry...

Constructionism and Its Critics

John Kloos.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 7827 words.

Since the 1970s, social scientists increasingly have cast human emotions in the arenas of culturally or linguistically constructed expression. A wide spectrum of theoretical terminology has...

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Contributions from Queer Theory

Patrick S. Cheng.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion; Religious Issues and Debates. 7923 words.

This chapter provides an overview of what Christian theologians need to know about queer theory, which is a critical approach to sexuality and gender that challenges the ‘naturalness’ of...

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Desire and Love

Ola Sigurdson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 8335 words.

Desire and love have always been important themes in Christianity, but there is no self-evident meaning for either of these concepts. This chapter examines some important contributions in...

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Emile Durkheim

W. S. F. Pickering.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 8465 words.

Emile Durkheim founded his sociology enterprise on the equation that in order to understand social phenomena, the social must be explained in terms of the social. This becomes practically...

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Friedrich Schleiermacher and Rudolf Otto

Jacqueline Mariña.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 8367 words.

Two names often grouped together in the study of religion are Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768–1884) and Rudolf Otto (1869–1937). Central to their understanding of religion is the idea that...

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Jewish Bioethics

Aaron L. Mackler.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Ethics and Morality

December 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 2482 words.

This chapter discusses the distribution of health care, an issue that has become particularly urgent and controversial in recent years because the median age of populations in most...

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Kierkegaard

David Kangas.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 11650 words.

This essay explores the intersection of religion and emotion in the thought of Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855). Emotions—or, more generally, affectivity—play a central role in Kierkegaard's...

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Müller, (Frances) Henrietta (1845/6–1906), women's rights activist and theosophist

Rosemary Auchmuty.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 1595 words.

Müller, (Frances) Henrietta (1845/6–1906), women's rights activist and theosophist, was born in Valparaíso, Chile, daughter of William Müller, a German emigré businessman and JP for...

Natural Theology and Ecology

Christopher Southgate.

in The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology

January 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion and Science; Sociology of Religion. 8179 words.

This chapter discusses the type of natural theology appropriate to the reading of ecosystems, and gives a number of examples of such an approach. It begins by discussing the impact of...

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Non-Religion

Lois Lee.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Study of Religion

November 2016; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 4692 words.

Beginning with a focus on ‘secularism’ in the mid-1990s and extending to the study of ‘secularity,’ ‘atheism,’ and ‘irreligious’ and ‘non-religious’ cultures from the mid-2000s onwards, the...

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A Sociological Perspective on Natural Theology

Richard K. Fenn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology

January 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 8848 words.

This chapter provides a sociological perspective on natural theology. It argues that understanding natural theology means grasping what Freud referred to as a ‘pre-animist’ form of...

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The Theological Study of Gender

Tina Beattie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 9873 words.

This chapter traces the academic development of postmodern theology and gender studies, from the feminist theologies of the 1960s–1980s through the ‘linguistic turn’ to the emergence of the...

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The Theological Study of Sexuality

Elizabeth Stuart.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 7147 words.

This article explores the key methodological approaches evident in theologies of sexuality since theological reflection upon sexuality emerged as a distinctive discipline in the latter part...

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Theology and Practice in Evangelical Churches

Andrew Goddard.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion; Christianity. 8248 words.

This chapter examines the continuities, development, and diversity found among evangelical Christians as they explore different patterns of evangelical response to new and challenging...

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Time, Eternity, and Eschatology

William Lane Craig.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion; Religious Studies. 8239 words.

Time is that dimension of reality whose constituent elements are ordered by relations of “earlier than,” “simultaneous with,” and “later than”, and are experienced by us as past, present,...

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Time, Eternity, and Eschatology

William Lane Craig.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion; Religious Studies. 8239 words.

Time is that dimension of reality whose constituent elements are ordered by relations of “earlier than,” “simultaneous with,” and “later than”, and are experienced by us as past, present,...

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Tingley, Katherine Augusta Westcott

Robert S. Ellwood.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Ethnic Politics. 808 words.

Tingley, Katherine Augusta Westcott (06 July 1847–11 July 1929), founder of the utopian Point Loma Theosophical community in San Diego, California, was born in Newbury, Massachusetts, the...