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Alienation as a Theory of History

Peter Singer.

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 1936 words.

How did Marx come to his materialist theory of history? Marx thought that practical human activity was needed to solve theoretical problems. ‘Alienation as a Theory of History’ examines how...

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An Assessment

Peter Singer.

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 3857 words.

If Marx did not make scientific discoveries about economics and society, what did he achieve? Is his system just a historical curiosity? ‘An Assessment’ looks at what elements of Marx's...

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Communism

Peter Singer.

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 2603 words.

What kind of society did Marx hope would take the place of capitalism? The answer is simple: communism. ‘Communism’ considers exactly what Marx meant by communism, which is very difficult...

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Conclusion

in Hobbes

May 2002; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 1026 words.

Hobbes's reputation was paradoxical. He was hostile to dogmatism of every kind, yet he was seen as a brusque dogmatist. He was hostile to the intellectual authorities of the churches, but...

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Culture, music, and the corruption of morals

in Rousseau

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 6489 words.

‘Culture, music and the corruption of morals’ addresses the causes and indicators of the corruption into which Rousseau believed man had fallen. In his first Discourse, he set out a link...

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Economics

Peter Singer.

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 4936 words.

Marx's masterpiece was Capital. Here he presented his economic theories. ‘Economics’ traces how Marx came to his economic ideas, going back to 1844. The aim of Capital was to dispel any...

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Enter the Proletariat

Peter Singer.

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 995 words.

In 1844, Marx published an article called ‘Towards a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right: Introduction’. The critique remained unfinished, but the ‘Introduction’ stands as a milestone...

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The First Marxism

Peter Singer.

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 2119 words.

Two important ideas, that economics is the chief form of human alienation and that the material force needed to liberate humanity lies in the working class, had now been formed. ‘The First...

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From God to Money

Peter Singer.

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 1172 words.

The adaption of Hegel's method into a weapon against religion happened with the help of Ludwig Feuerbach. ‘From God to Money’ considers how Hegel's ideas were transformed into the seeds of...

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The Goal of History

Peter Singer.

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 3315 words.

According to Marx, it is the powers of production, or the ‘productive forces’, which give rise to relations of production, and these relations constitute the economic structure of society....

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Hobbes

Richard Tuck.

May 2002; p ublished online September 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 168 pages.

Hobbes's reputation was paradoxical. He was hostile to dogmatism of every kind, yet he was seen as a brusque dogmatist. He was hostile to the intellectual authorities of the churches, but...

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Hobbes's life

Richard Tuck.

in Hobbes: A Very Short Introduction

May 2002; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 14294 words.

Many of the major philosophers of late 16th- and 17th-century Europe had their intellectual origins in the stylish and imaginative use of language characteristic of the early Renaissance...

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Hobbes's work

in Hobbes

May 2002; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 19480 words.

Hobbes began his philosophical enquiries from interest in the philosophical problems raised by modern natural science, and the idea of replacing late Renaissance scepticism with a...

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Human nature and civil society

in Rousseau

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 9022 words.

‘Human nature and civil society’ sets out the process through which Rousseau constructed his theory of human nature. He believed that the philosophy of Hobbes, Pufendorf and Locke provided...

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Interpretations of Hobbes

Richard Tuck.

in Hobbes

May 2002; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 7923 words.

Hobbes naturally played a part in the construction of subsequent philosophies, but his importance for later philosophers has fluctuated. ‘Interpretations of Hobbes’ surveys the most...

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Liberty, virtue, and citizenship

in Rousseau

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 9775 words.

‘Liberty, virtue, and citizenship’ looks at the model that Rousseau created for a state. Rousseau believed in the classical Greek link between politics and morality, and rejected previous...

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A Life and its Impact

Peter Singer.

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 3458 words.

Marx's legacy is hard to measure. His influence extended beyond communist societies. ‘A Life and its Impact’ assesses how far his influence went. On the level of thought rather than...

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The life and times of a citizen of Geneva

in Rousseau

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 6274 words.

‘The life and times of a citizen of Geneva’ summarizes the influences on Rousseau and the development of his thought. He was born in Geneva and spent time in Venice and Paris, allowing him...

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Marx: A Very Short Introduction

Peter Singer.

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 128 pages.

Marx: A Very Short Introduction identifies the central vision that unifies Marx's thought, enabling us to grasp Marx's views as a whole. He can be seen as a philosopher...

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Religion, education, and sexuality

Robert Wokler.

in Rousseau: A Very Short Introduction

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 10284 words.

‘Religion, education and sexuality’ considers Rousseau's suggestions for the role and form of education and religion and his attitude to sexuality. Rousseau favoured natural religion,...

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