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Social Sciences x Alternative Belief Systems x clear all

Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist

Josef L. Altholz.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; History. 4652 words.

Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist, was born at Naples on 10 January 1834, the only child of Sir Ferdinand Richard Edward Acton,...

Aikenhead, Thomas (bap. 1676, d. 1697), freethinker and blasphemer

Michael Hunter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 766 words.

Aikenhead, Thomas (bap. 1676, d. 1697), freethinker and blasphemer, was baptized on 28 March 1676, the son of James Aikenhead (d. in or before 1683), apothecary and burgess of Edinburgh,...

Alcott, A. Bronson

Frederick C. Dahlstrand.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Alternative Belief Systems; Education. 2037 words.

Alcott, A. Bronson (29 November 1799–04 March 1888), Transcendentalist and reformer, was born Amos Bronson Alcox in Wolcott, Connecticut, the son of Joseph Chatfield Alcox and Anna Bronson,...

Atheism and Societal Health

Phil Zuckerman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion. 6527 words.

This article examines the strong correlation that currently exists between high levels of secularity in a given society positive societal well-being. By looking at the most and least...

Go to »  abstract

Atheism, Health, and Well-Being

Karen Hwang.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religion and Science; Sociology of Religion. 5818 words.

The last few years have seen a great deal of research on the association between religion, spirituality, and medical outcomes. This research has not been without controversy however, in...

Go to »  abstract

Beesly, Edward Spencer (1831–1915), positivist and historian

Martha S. Vogeler.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; History. 1144 words.

Beesly, Edward Spencer (1831–1915), positivist and historian, was born on 23 January 1831 in Feckenham, Worcestershire, the eldest son of the Revd James Beesly and his wife, Emily...

Bennett, John Cook

Michael Quinn.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Medicine and Health; Christian Churches and Denominations; Business and Management; Education; Alternative Belief Systems. 1614 words.

Bennett, John Cook (03 August 1804–05 August 1867), physician, religious leader, and entrepreneur, was born in Fair Haven, Bristol County, Massachusetts, the son of John Bennett, a...

Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh (1858–1935), freethinker and radical

Edward Royle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Politics. 1074 words.

Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh (1858–1935), freethinker and radical, was born in London on 30 March 1858 at 3 Hedger's Terrace, Hackney, the second child of Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891),...

Bradlaugh, Charles (1833–1891), politician and freethinker

Edward Royle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; UK Politics. 1843 words.

Bradlaugh, Charles (1833–1891), politician and freethinker, was born on 26 September 1833 at home at 31 Bacchus Walk, Hoxton, London, the eldest of seven children born to Charles Bradlaugh,...

Carlile, Elizabeth Sharples (1803–1852), freethought lecturer and advocate of women's rights

Edward Royle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Education. 857 words.

Carlile, Elizabeth Sharples (1803–1852), freethought lecturer and advocate of women's rights, was one of six children born to Ann and Richard Sharples, a counterpane manufacturer, in...

Cohen, Chapman (1868–1954), freethought writer and lecturer

Edward Royle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education. 613 words.

Cohen, Chapman (1868–1954), freethought writer and lecturer, was born in Leicester on 1 September 1868, the elder son of Enoch Cohen, a Jewish confectioner, and his wife, Deborah Barnett....

Collins, Anthony (1676–1729), philosopher and freethinker

J. Dybikowski.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; Philosophy. 2493 words.

Collins, Anthony (1676–1729), philosopher and freethinker, was born on 21 June 1676 at Isleworth, Middlesex, the eldest child of Henry Collins (1646/7–1705), lawyer, and Mary Dineley. He...

Colman, Lucy Newhall

Christopher Densmore.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1027 words.

Colman, Lucy Newhall (26 July 1817–18 January 1906), abolitionist, women's rights advocate, and freethinker, abolitionist, women’s rights advocate, and freethinker, was born in Sturbridge,...

Cooper, William (bap. 1639, d. 1689), bookseller and writer on the occult sciences

Stanton J. Linden.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Publishing; Alternative Belief Systems. 974 words.

Cooper, William (bap. 1639, d. 1689), bookseller and writer on the occult sciences, was born in Leicester, the son of John Cooper and his wife, Elizabeth. He was baptized on 5 June 1639 at...

Cotton, Sir Henry John Stedman (1845–1915), administrator in India and positivist

Edward C. Moulton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1013 words.

Cotton, Sir Henry John Stedman (1845–1915), administrator in India and positivist, was born in Kumbakonam, Madras presidency, south India, on 13 September 1845, the first of two sons of...

Crompton, Henry (1836–1904), barrister and positivist

M. C. Curthoys.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1130 words.

Crompton, Henry (1836–1904), barrister and positivist, was born at Liverpool on 27 August 1836, the second of five sons and three daughters of Sir Charles John Crompton (1797–1865), judge...

Deganawidah

Cornelius J. Jaenen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mysticism; Alternative Belief Systems; Native American History; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1057 words.

Deganawidah (fl. 1450), Huron spiritual leader and mystic, and, according to Iroquois legends, principal founder of the League of the Hau-Dé-No-Sau-Nee, or People of the Longhouse. The oral...

Detrosier, Rowland [formerly Rowley Barnes] (1800?–1834), freethinking radical and popular lecturer

Matthew Lee.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; Politics. 1081 words.

Detrosier, Rowland [formerly Rowley Barnes] (1800?–1834), freethinking radical and popular lecturer, was born in London, the son of a Manchester merchant, Robert Norris, and a Frenchwoman...

Dudgeon, William (1705/6–1743), freethinker and philosopher

P. Russell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; Philosophy. 593 words.

Dudgeon, William (1705/6–1743), freethinker and philosopher, is of unknown origins. A tenant farmer who resided at Lennel Hill Farm, near Coldstream, Berwickshire, he was one of several...

Emerson, Ralph Waldo

Joel Myerson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Education; Philosophy. 4989 words.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo (25 May 1803–27 April 1882), lecturer and author, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of William Emerson, a Congregational minister, and Ruth Haskins. Ralph was...