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Beauclerk, Charles, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), army officer

William Hunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 958 words.

Beauclerk, Charles, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), army officer, the illegitimate son of Charles II and Nell Gwyn, was born at his mother's house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, on 8...

Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier

Colin Richmond.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 2473 words.

Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier, was the younger brother of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444); John and Edmund were the second and...

Beaufort, Edmund, styled third duke of Somerset (c. 1438–1471), magnate

Michael K. Jones.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 1445 words.

Beaufort, Edmund, styled third duke of Somerset (c. 1438–1471), magnate, was the second of the three sons of Edmund Beaufort, first duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and his wife, Eleanor,...

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics. 6899 words.

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster...

Beaufort, Henry, second duke of Somerset (1436–1464), magnate

Michael K. Jones.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 2543 words.

Beaufort, Henry, second duke of Somerset (1436–1464), magnate, was born early in 1436, the eldest son of Edmund Beaufort, first duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and his wife, Eleanor, daughter...

Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 1256 words.

Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier, was the second son of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (d. 1410), and Margaret Holland, daughter of...

Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1450 words.

Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator, was the first offspring of the liaison between John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster...

Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate

Anthony Tuck.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 2920 words.

Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate, was the youngest of the four children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and...

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 1774 words.

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherin...

Bruce, Edward, earl of Carrick (c. 1280–1318), soldier and claimant to the Irish throne

A. A. M. Duncan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; Scottish History. 2219 words.

Bruce, Edward, earl of Carrick (c. 1280–1318), soldier and claimant to the Irish throne, was the third, or possibly fourth, son of Robert VI de Brus (d. 1304), son of the claimant for the...

Clarendon, Sir Roger (c. 1350–1402), royal bastard and conspirator

C. Given-Wilson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 769 words.

Clarendon, Sir Roger (c. 1350–1402), royal bastard and conspirator, was the natural son of Edward, the Black Prince (1330–1376), and his mistress (concubina), Edith Willesford. He was...

Edmund [Edmund of Woodstock], first earl of Kent (1301–1330), magnate

Scott L. Waugh.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 2629 words.

Edmund [Edmund of Woodstock], first earl of Kent (1301–1330), magnate, was the sixth son of Edward I (1239–1307) and the second from Edward's second marriage, to Margaret (1279?–1318),...

Edmund of Almain, second earl of Cornwall (1249–1300), magnate

Nicholas Vincent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 3271 words.

Edmund of Almain, second earl of Cornwall (1249–1300), magnate, was born at his father's castle of Berkhamsted on 26 December 1249, as the second and only surviving son of Richard, first...

Edward [Edward of Langley, Edward of York], second duke of York (c. 1373–1415), magnate

Rosemary Horrox.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 2910 words.

Edward [Edward of Langley, Edward of York], second duke of York (c. 1373–1415), magnate, the eldest son of Edmund (1341–1402), the fifth son of Edward III, and Isabella of Castile (d....

Edward [Edward of Woodstock; known as the Black Prince], prince of Wales and of Aquitaine (1330–1376), heir to the English throne and military commander

Richard Barber.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Military History; Warfare and Defence; European History. 9399 words.

Edward [Edward of Woodstock; known as the Black Prince], prince of Wales and of Aquitaine (1330–1376), heir to the English throne and military commander, was the eldest son of Edward III...

Fitzcharles, Charles, earl of Plymouth (c. 1657–1680), courtier and army officer

John Callow.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Social and Cultural History. 1414 words.

Fitzcharles, Charles, earl of Plymouth (c. 1657–1680), courtier and army officer, was born, probably in Bruges, in 1657, the illegitimate son of Charles II (1630–1685), and Catherine Pegge (null...

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], George, duke of Northumberland (1665–1716), courtier and army officer

J. M. Rigg.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Social and Cultural History. 1033 words.

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], George, duke of Northumberland (1665–1716), courtier and army officer, was born on 28 December 1665 at Merton College, Oxford, the third and youngest son of...

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], Henry, first duke of Grafton (1663–1690), naval officer

J. D. Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Scottish History. 2011 words.

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], Henry, first duke of Grafton (1663–1690), naval officer, the second illegitimate son of Charles II (1630–1685) and Barbara Palmer, née Villiers, countess of...

Frederick, Prince, duke of York and Albany (1763–1827), army officer and bishop of Osnabrück

H. M. Stephens.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; European History. 2312 words.

Frederick, Prince, duke of York and Albany (1763–1827), army officer and bishop of Osnabrück, was the second son of George III and Queen Charlotte. He was born at St James's Palace, London,...

Humphrey [Humfrey or Humphrey of Lancaster], duke of Gloucester [called Good Duke Humphrey] (1390–1447), prince, soldier, and literary patron

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literature. 6099 words.

Humphrey [Humfrey or Humphrey of Lancaster], duke of Gloucester [called Good Duke Humphrey] (1390–1447), prince, soldier, and literary patron, was the youngest son of Henry, earl of Derby,...