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Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

Christopher J. Berry.

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Economics; History of Economic Thought; Biographical Studies. 152 pages.

In 1776, Adam Smith (1723–90) wrote The Wealth of Nations, the foundational book that led to him being called the ‘father of economics’. However, Adam Smith was far more than an economist....

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Adler, Polly

Marilynn Wood Hill.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 1934 words.

Adler, Polly (16 April 1900?–09 June 1962), prostitution madam and author, was born Pearl Adler in Yanow, Russia, the daughter of Morris Adler, a tailor, and Gertrude Koval (called...

The Adviser to Princes

in Machiavelli

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Political Theory. 10418 words.

‘The Adviser to Princes’ considers The Prince, written by Machiavelli in order to recommend himself to the new Medici rulers of Florence. The book is concerned with gaining and holding...

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Albert, Octavia Victoria Rogers

Frances Smith Foster.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Biographical Studies. 914 words.

Albert, Octavia Victoria Rogers (24 December 1853–1890?), author and activist, was born in Oglethorpe, Georgia, the daughter of slaves. Details of her life are sketchy. Little is known of...

Alexander, Alexander (b. 1781/2), soldier and writer

Matthew Brown.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Biographical Studies; Literature. 974 words.

Alexander, Alexander (b. 1781/2), soldier and writer, was born in Dundonald, Ayrshire, the illegitimate son of a wealthy Scottish merchant. Almost everything known about him comes from his...

Alexander, Edward Porter

Gary W. Gallagher.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Biographical Studies. 1305 words.

Alexander, Edward Porter (26 May 1835–28 April 1910), Confederate soldier and author, was born in Washington, Georgia, the son of Adam Leopold Alexander, a planter and banker, and Sarah...

Ambrose, Stephen Edward

Bruce J. Evensen.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online April 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Biographical Studies. 1235 words.

Ambrose, Stephen Edward (10 January 1936–13 October 2002), historian and biographer, was born in Decatur, Illinois, the middle son of Stephen Hedges Ambrose, a family physician, and Rosepha...

Angelou, Maya

Jacqueline S. Thursby.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online November 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biographical Studies; Dance; Politics. 1948 words.

Angelou, Maya (4 Apr. 1928–28 May 2014), writer, performer, and activist, was born Marguerite Ann Johnson in St. Louis, Missouri, the second child of Bailey Johnson, Sr., a doorman and Navy...

Anthony, Katharine Susan

Maureen A. Flanagan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Biographical Studies. 990 words.

Anthony, Katharine Susan (27 November 1877–20 November 1965), author, was born in Roseville, Arkansas, the daughter of Ernest A. Anthony and Susan Jane Cathey. Her father was a distant...

Arnold, Isaac Newton

James A. Rawley.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Biographical Studies. 1264 words.

Arnold, Isaac Newton (30 November 1815–24 April 1884), congressman and biographer, was born in Hartwick, Otsego County, New York, the son of George Washington Arnold, a doctor, and Sophia...

Ashe, Arthur

McKay Jenkins.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Biographical Studies. 1866 words.

Ashe, Arthur (10 July 1943–06 February 1993), tennis player, author, and political activist, was born Arthur Robert Ashe, Jr., in Richmond, Virginia, the son of Arthur Ashe, Sr., a police...

Ashley, (Anthony) Evelyn Melbourne (1836–1907), politician and biographer

Reginald Lucas.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Biographical Studies. 1062 words.

Ashley, (Anthony) Evelyn Melbourne (1836–1907), politician and biographer, born in London on 24 July 1836, was the fourth son of Anthony Ashley Cooper, seventh earl of Shaftesbury...

Atherton, Gertrude Franklin

Elaine Oswald.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Biographical Studies; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 1091 words.

Atherton, Gertrude Franklin (30 October 1857–14 June 1948), author, biographer, and historian, was born Gertrude Franklin Horn in San Francisco, California, the daughter of Thomas Horn, a...

Aubrey, John (1626–1697), antiquary and biographer

Adam Fox.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Biographical Studies. 4150 words.

Aubrey, John (1626–1697), antiquary and biographer, was born on 12 March 1626 at Easton Pierse near Kington St Michael in north Wiltshire, the eldest of the three surviving sons of Richard...

Badeau, Adam

Brooks D. Simpson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biographical Studies; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 912 words.

Badeau, Adam (29 December 1831–19 March 1895), soldier and author, was born in New York City, the son of Nicholas Badeau. He attended a boarding school in Tarrytown, New York, then he...

Baggerley, Humphrey (fl. 1648–1654), army officer and supposed biographer

John Callow.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Biographical Studies. 840 words.

Baggerley, Humphrey (fl. 1648–1654), army officer and supposed biographer, was among the troops who on 9 October 1648 surrendered at Appleby, Westmorland, to superior parliamentarian forces...

Bainton, Roland Herbert

Calvin Mercer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Biographical Studies. 1006 words.

Bainton, Roland Herbert (30 March 1894–13 February 1984), historian of the Protestant Reformation, was born in Ilkeston, Derbyshire, England, the only son of James Herbert Bainton, a...

Baker, Carlos Heard

Aiping Zhang.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biographical Studies; Literature; Literary Theory and Cultural Studies; Education. 1166 words.

Baker, Carlos Heard (05 May 1909–18 April 1987), educator, author, and literary critic, was born in Biddeford, Maine, the son of Arthur Baker and Edna Heard. He grew up in what he called a...

Baldwin, Joseph Glover

Merritt Moseley.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Humour; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Biographical Studies; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 959 words.

Baldwin, Joseph Glover (21 January 1815–30 September 1864), attorney and author, was born in Friendly Grove Factory, Virginia, the son of Joseph Clarke Baldwin, a mill owner, and Eliza...

Barr, Amelia Edith Huddleston

Dorothy McLeod MacInerney.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Education; Biographical Studies. 1149 words.

Barr, Amelia Edith Huddleston (29 March 1831–10 March 1919), author and teacher, was born in Ulverston, Lancashire, England, the daughter of the Reverend William Henry Huddleston and Mary...