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Aachen

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 67 words.

City in sw North Rhine-Westphalia, w Germany. The city is noted for its sulphur baths, used by the Romans, which

Aalto, Alvar (1898–1976)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 63 words.

famous for his imaginative handling of floor levels and use of natural materials and irregular forms. Aalto's work includes the

aardvark

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 45 words.

Nocturnal, bristly haired mammal of central and s Africa. It feeds on termites and ants, which it scoops up with

Aaron

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 67 words.

In the Old Testament, brother of Moses and the founder and first head of the Jewish priesthood. According to the

abacus

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 31 words.

Mathematical tool used since ancient times in the Middle and Far East for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. One form

abalone

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 45 words.

Gastropod mollusc with a single, flattened, spiral shell perforated by a row of respiratory holes. They are found in the

Abbado, Claudio (1933–2014)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 43 words.

He was musical director at La Scala, Milan (1972–86), the London Symphony Orchestra (1983–88), Vienna State

Abbas I (1571–1629)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 73 words.

Shah of Persia (1588–1629). The outstanding ruler of the Safavid dynasty, Abbas restored Persia as a great power,

Abbasid

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 87 words.

Muslim caliph dynasty (750–1258). They traced their descent from al-Abbas, the uncle of Muhammad, and came to

Abbey Theatre

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 59 words.

Theatre erected on Abbey Street, Dublin (1904), by Annie E. F. Horniman to house the Irish National Theatre

Abd al-Kadir (1808–83)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 62 words.

He displaced (1832–39) the French and Turks from n Algeria, and then launched a holy war against the

Abdul Hamid II (1842–1918)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 90 words.

On his accession, Abdul Hamid suspended Parliament and the new constitution. At the Treaty of San Stefano (1878),

Abdullah ibn Hussein (1882–1951)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 69 words.

King of Jordan (1946–51), son of Hussein ibn Ali of the Hashemite family. In 1921, after aiding

Abel

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 36 words.

In the Old Testament (Genesis), the second son of Adam and Eve. Abel, a shepherd, was killed by his

Abélard, Pierre (1079–1142)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 86 words.

noted for his application of logic in approaching theological questions. In Sic et Non, he attempted to reconcile differences

Aberdeen

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 72 words.

Third-largest city in Scotland (after Glasgow and Edinburgh), situated between the rivers Dee (S) and Don (N). Aberdeen is the

Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of (1784–1860)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 83 words.

As foreign secretary (1841–46) to Sir Robert Peel, he negotiated the Webster-Ashburton and the Oregon Boundary treaties

aberration

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 63 words.

In astronomy, apparent slight change of position of a star due to the effect of the Earth's orbital motion and

aberration

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 78 words.

In physics, defect in lens and mirror images arising when the incoming light does not fall at or near the

Abidjan

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 58 words.

Former capital of the Ivory Coast, situated on Ebrié Lagoon, inland from the Gulf of Guinea. A chief port and