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Broken and Beyond Repair: The American Death Penalty and the Insuperable Obstacles to Reform

Carol S. Steiker and Jordan M. Steiker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure. 14058 words.

This article explores the tedious and unsuccessful project of controlling the death penalty through constitutional law. It first studies the problems that have surrounded constitutional...

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Capital Punishment

Ray Paternoster.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure. 14548 words.

This article reviews the landscape of capital punishment as it now exists. Section I discusses the use of capital punishment internationally. Section II, reviews the use and characteristics...

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Charging and Plea Bargaining as Forms of Sentencing Discretion

Ronald F. Wright.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure. 10236 words.

This article shows how charging and plea bargaining can be used as forms of sentencing discretion. It first examines the claims that prosecutorial charging and plea bargaining discretion is...

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The Conundrum of Girls and Juvenile Justice Processing

Kimberly Kempf‐Leonard.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Courts and Procedure. 18354 words.

Due to the under-representation of females, public officials have paid less attention to understanding their offending or to developing and assessing prevention and intervention strategies...

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Crime Victims, Sentencing, and Release from Prison

Julian V. Roberts.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure. 10209 words.

This article explores the role of the victim during sentencing and parole release proceedings in the United States and other common law jurisdictions. It reviews the empirical evidence of...

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The Dark at the Top of the Stairs: Four Destructive Influences of Capital Punishment on American Criminal Justice

Franklin E. Zimring and David T. Johnson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure. 7343 words.

This article tries to show how capital punishment can become a destructive influence on American criminal justice. It first determines that due to the availability of the death penalty,...

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Drug and Other Specialty Courts

Ojmarrh Mitchell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Theories of Crime. 12296 words.

This article presents an overview of drug and other specialty courts. Section I defines specialty courts and traces their growth in number and types. It also explores the factors that...

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The Elusive Juvenile Court

David S. Tanenhaus.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Courts and Procedure. 10947 words.

This article traces the ideological origins and legal foundations of the juvenile court. It examines juvenile courts at work in the early twentieth century, their guiding principles, and...

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Female Offenders and Women in Prison

LaTosha Traylor and Beth Richie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Prisons and Jails. 9621 words.

This article focuses on the steadily increasing number of females being admitted in corrections. It emphasizes the need for gender-based programs inside and outside prisons, and observes...

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The Front End of the Juvenile Court

Daniel P. Mears.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Courts and Procedure. 15456 words.

This article is focused on front-end processing in the juvenile court. The front end of juvenile justice refers to initial court decisions about how to process cases. The article discusses...

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General Deterrence

Robert Apel and Daniel S. Nagin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Penology and Punishment. 12464 words.

This article begins with a discussion of key concepts of deterrence. Section II turns to empirical research on general deterrence. It considers the deterrent effect of the penultimate and...

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Identifying, Treating, and Reducing Risk for Offenders with Mental Illness

Jennifer L. Skeem and Jillian K. Peterson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Crime Prevention. 9933 words.

This article provides a vivid description of how persons with mental illness continually find themselves involved in the corrections system. It first explains how their unique needs are...

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Introduction Sentencing and Corrections: Overlapping and Inseparable Subjects

Joan Petersilia and Kevin R. Reitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 8200 words.

This article serves as an introduction to the concepts of sentencing and corrections, which are two inseparable subject areas. Sentencing is a legal process where criminal sanctions are...

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Investigating and Prosecuting White-Collar Criminals

Lucian E. Dervan and Ellen S. Podgor.

in The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime

May 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corporate Crime; Courts and Procedure. 9494 words.

This chapter discusses the prosecution of white-collar criminals and outlines the stages of the investigative and judicial process. It notes differences in white-collar cases from those...

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Jails and Pretrial Release

Brandon K. Applegate.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 13344 words.

This article begins with an overview of the jail inmate population. Data reveal the current makeup and important shifts in inmate characteristics. Section II discusses the historical...

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Jails, Pre-trial Detention, and Short Term Confinement

Lieutenant Gary F. Cornelius.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 12795 words.

This article views America's jails using a practitioner's perspective. It first describes how local jails were developed, how they are managed in an overcrowded environment, and how they...

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Lay Adjudication around the World

Marijke Malsch.

P ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: International and Comparative Criminology; Courts and Procedure. 8448 words.

Lay adjudication is a widely discussed topic in the present-day debate on legal systems. Around the world, a large variety of types of lay adjudication exists. Almost all countries make use...

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Mandatory Penalties

Michael Tonry.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Prisons and Jails. 11444 words.

This article summarizes research on the implementation, operation, and deterrent effects of mandatory sentencing laws. Section I examines research before 1970 while Section II examines the...

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Probation and Community Penalties

Stan C. Proband.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Courts and Procedure. 7715 words.

Probation remains the most common form of correctional supervision. Well over half of sentenced offenders, over four million at any one time in recent years, are under the control of...

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Probation, Intermediate Sanctions, and Community-Based Corrections

Faye S. Taxman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Courts and Procedure. 10017 words.

This article serves as a comprehensive review about community-based correctional supervision, which is a subfield of corrections where offenders are supervised and given services outside...

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