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Social Sciences x Psychiatry x clear all

Asylums and the origins of psychiatry

Tom Burns.

in Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mental and Behavioural Health; Psychiatry. 3429 words.

‘Asylums and the origins of psychiatry’ outlines the historical care of the mentally ill. If the mentally deranged could not be cared for within the family, they were sent to private...

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Bryce, Peter

Bill Weaver.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychiatry; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1090 words.

Bryce, Peter (05 March 1834–14 August 1892), psychiatrist and mental hospital superintendent, was born in Columbia, South Carolina, the son of Peter Bryce and Martha Smith. His father died...

Earle, Pliny

Gerald N. Grob.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychiatry; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1042 words.

Earle, Pliny (31 December 1809–17 May 1892), psychiatrist and asylum superintendent, was born in Leicester, Massachusetts, the son of Pliny Earle, a manufacturer and farmer, and Patience...

Felix, Robert Hanna

Charles W. Carey.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychiatry; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1573 words.

Felix, Robert Hanna (29 May 1904–31 March 1990), psychiatrist and public health official, was born in Downs, Kansas, the son of Tasso Oliver Felix, a physician, and Neva Lee Trusdle. He...

Gray, John Purdue

Daniel J. Malleck.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Psychiatry; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1092 words.

Gray, John Purdue (06 August 1825–29 November 1886), physician, alienist, and asylum superintendent, was born in Half Moon, Pennsylvania, the son of Peter D. Gray, a Methodist minister and...

Hurd, Henry Mills

Gert H. Brieger.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychiatry; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 930 words.

Hurd, Henry Mills (03 May 1843–19 July 1927), psychiatrist and hospital administrator, was born in Union City, Michigan, the son of Theodore C. Hurd, a physician, and Ellen Hammond. Hurd’s...

Into the 21st century

Tom Burns.

in Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mental and Behavioural Health; Psychiatry. 3227 words.

‘Into the 21st century’ explains how there is an increased focus on how our body, and not just the brain, influences our mental health. Rapidly advancing computer technology, including...

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McDougall [née Long], Kate Florence [Kay] (1910–1999), psychiatric social worker

Joan Baraclough.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social Work; Psychiatry. 1684 words.

McDougall [née Long], Kate Florence [Kay] (1910–1999), psychiatric social worker, was born on 6 November 1910 at 55 Pantel Road, Camberwell, London, the eldest of the three children of...

The move into the community

Tom Burns.

in Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mental and Behavioural Health; Psychiatry. 4107 words.

‘The move into the community’ considers deinstitutionalization. Nearly every large mental hospital in the UK and most in the US and Western Europe have closed. The emptying of the...

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Nichols, Charles Henry

Frank Rives Millikan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychiatry; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1159 words.

Nichols, Charles Henry (19 October 1820–16 December 1889), psychiatrist and mental hospital administrator, was born and raised in Vassalboro, Maine, the only son of Caleb Nichols and Eunice...

Open to abuse

Tom Burns.

in Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mental and Behavioural Health; Psychiatry. 5805 words.

The nature of psychiatric practice lays it open to potential misuse. ‘Open to abuse’ highlights the unequal power relationship with dependent and vulnerable patients whose opinions and...

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Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction

Tom Burns.

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Mental and Behavioural Health; Psychiatry. 168 pages.

Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction explores the nature of psychiatry, focusing on what it can and cannot do, and discussing why its history has been beset by dramatic shifts...

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Psychiatry under attack—inside and out

Tom Burns.

in Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mental and Behavioural Health; Psychiatry. 3470 words.

‘Psychiatry under attack’ focuses on the contradictions inherent in psychiatry. The mind–brain relationship is the big issue in psychiatry. It would be simple if psychiatry were just about...

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Psychoanalysis and psychotherapy

Tom Burns.

in Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mental and Behavioural Health; Psychiatry. 4219 words.

‘Psychoanalysis and psychotherapy’ considers the contribution of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy to the field of psychiatry. It discusses Sigmund Freud and the origins of psychoanalysis,...

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Ray, Isaac

Jacques M. Quen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Psychiatry. 2026 words.

Ray, Isaac (16 January 1807–31 March 1881), psychiatrist, was born in Beverly, Massachusetts, the son of Captain Isaac Rea and his second wife, the widow Lydia Symonds. The spelling of the...

Sackler, Mortimer David (1916–2010), psychiatrist, pharmaceuticals executive, and philanthropist

Anne Pimlott Baker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Psychiatry; Pharmacology. 1358 words.

Sackler, Mortimer David (1916–2010), psychiatrist, pharmaceuticals executive, and philanthropist, was born on 7 December 1916 at 83 Montrose Street, Brooklyn, New York City, the second of...

Salmon, Thomas William

Karl Tilman Winkler.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Society and Culture; Psychiatry. 1502 words.

Salmon, Thomas William (06 January 1876–13 August 1927), psychiatrist and reformer, was born in Lansingburgh (now Troy), New York, the son of Thomas Henry Salmon, a physician, and Annie E....

Stein, Leopold Siegfried (1894–1969), psychiatrist and speech therapist

Jane H. Schofield.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Speech and Language Therapy; Education; Psychiatry. 832 words.

Stein, Leopold Siegfried (1894–1969), psychiatrist and speech therapist, was born on 2 December 1894 in Vienna, Austria. His family were Austrian Jews. Stein was educated in Vienna and...

Thurnam, John (1810–1873), psychiatrist and ethnologist

A. R. Urquhart.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychiatry; Education. 765 words.

Thurnam, John (1810–1873), psychiatrist and ethnologist, was born on 28 December 1810 at Lingcroft, near York, the son of William Thurnam, manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah Clark. He...

What is psychiatry?

Tom Burns.

in Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mental and Behavioural Health; Psychiatry. 9915 words.

Psychiatry deals with consciousness, choice, motivation, free will, relationships—everything that makes us human. ‘What is psychiatry?’ emphasizes that psychiatry is a branch of medicine...

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