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Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus, first baronet (1827–1902), chemist and explosives expert

Robert Steele.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 1222 words.

Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus, first baronet (1827–1902), chemist and explosives expert, was born on 17 July 1827 at Woolwich, the eldest son of Johann Leopold Abel (1795–1871), a music...

Akers, Sir Wallace Alan (1888–1954), chemist and industrialist

Fleck.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1267 words.

Akers, Sir Wallace Alan (1888–1954), chemist and industrialist, was born on 9 September 1888 at Walthamstow, the second child of Charles Akers, a chartered accountant, and his wife, Mary...

Albright, Arthur (1811–1900), chemist and phosphorus manufacturer

Frank Greenaway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 802 words.

Albright, Arthur (1811–1900), chemist and phosphorus manufacturer, was born on 3 March 1811 in Charlbury, Oxfordshire, into a Quaker family, the second son and sixth of ten children of...

Allen, Sir Peter Christopher (1905–1993), chemist and industrialist

Martin Adeney.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1043 words.

Allen, Sir Peter Christopher (1905–1993), chemist and industrialist, was born at Mawmead, Ashtead, Surrey, on 8 September 1905, the son of Sir Ernest King Allen (1864–1937), barrister and...

Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster

Geoffrey Tweedale.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Metals, Alloying, and Corrosion; Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 708 words.

Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster, was born at 19 Carver Street, Sheffield, on 16 February 1847, the only son of Thomas Andrews and his wife, Mary Bolsover. Thomas...

Armstrong, Henry Edward (1848–1937), chemist and educational reformer

E. H. Rodd.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Education. 1492 words.

Armstrong, Henry Edward (1848–1937), chemist and educational reformer, was born on 6 May 1848 at Caroline Place, Avenue Road, Lewisham, Kent, the eldest son of Richard Armstrong...

Baekeland, Leo Hendrik

Anthony N. Stranges and Richard C. Jones.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Engineering and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry. 3035 words.

Baekeland, Leo Hendrik (14 November 1863–23 February 1944), chemist and inventor, was born in St. Martens-Latem, near Ghent, Belgium, the son of Karel Baekeland, a cobbler, and Rosalia...

Bailar, John Christian, Jr.

George B. Kauffman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 1320 words.

Bailar, John Christian, Jr. (27 May 1904–17 October 1991), chemist and educator, was born in Golden, Colorado, the son of John Christian Bailar, an instructor in chemistry at the Colorado...

Bain, Sir Frederick William (1889–1950), chemist and industrialist

J. D. Pratt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 827 words.

Bain, Sir Frederick William (1889–1950), chemist and industrialist, was born on 22 March 1889 at Macduff, Banffshire, the son of James Bain, agent for the Macduff Commercial Company, and...

Bancroft, Edward

Gordon E. Kershaw.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Medicine and Health; Medicinal Chemistry. 1543 words.

Bancroft, Edward (09 January 1744–08 September 1821), physician, scientist, and spy, was born in Westfield, Massachusetts, the son of Edward Bancroft and Mary Ely, farmers. The elder...

Bancroft, Edward (1744–1821), chemist and spy

Anthony S. Travis.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Medicinal Chemistry. 918 words.

Bancroft, Edward (1744–1821), chemist and spy, was born at Westfield, Massachusetts, on 9 January 1744. His tutor was Silas Deane, later a member of the American congress. After a brief...

Bird, Alfred (bap. 1811, d. 1878), chemist and food manufacturer

J. R. Turner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 935 words.

Bird, Alfred (bap. 1811, d. 1878), chemist and food manufacturer, the fourth son of John Bird (1780–1846), astronomer and lecturer, and his wife, Mary, née Bland, was baptized at...

Bolton, Henry Carrington

Herbert T. Pratt.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences; History of Science and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry. 1181 words.

Bolton, Henry Carrington (28 January 1843–19 November 1903), chemist and historian, was born in New York City, the only child of Jackson Bolton, a physician, and Anna Hinman North. Bolton...

Bueche, Arthur Maynard

George Wise.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 964 words.

Bueche, Arthur Maynard (14 November 1920–22 October 1981), chemist and industrialist, was born in Flushing, Michigan, the son of Bernard P. Bueche, a merchant, and Margaret Rekart. He grew...

Calvert, Frederick Crace- (1819–1873), industrial and analytical chemist

J. K. Crellin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 779 words.

Calvert, Frederick Crace- (1819–1873), industrial and analytical chemist, was born on 14 November 1819 in London, the son of Alfred Crace, who later emigrated to Canada to escape his debts,...

Cawood, Sir Walter (1907–1967), chemist and civil servant

Robert Cockburn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; UK Politics; Political Institutions. 696 words.

Cawood, Sir Walter (1907–1967), chemist and civil servant, was born on 28 April 1907 in York, the son of Walter Cawood, civil servant, of New Earswick, York, and his wife, Elizabeth McSall,...

Conant, James Bryant

Jeanne E. Amster.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 3028 words.

Conant, James Bryant (26 March 1893–11 February 1978), educator and scientist, was born in the Dorchester section of Boston, Massachusetts, the son of James Scott Conant, a photo engraver...

Cook, Sir James Wilfred (1900–1975), organic chemist and educationist

Harry Kay.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 864 words.

Cook, Sir James Wilfred (1900–1975), organic chemist and educationist, was born in South Kensington, London, on 10 December 1900, the younger son (there was also a daughter) of Charles...

Cooper, Thomas

Seymour S. Cohen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Medicinal Chemistry; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1806 words.

Cooper, Thomas (22 October 1759–11 May 1839), lawyer, chemist, and educator, was born in London, England, the son of Thomas Cooper, a relatively wealthy landowner. The name of his mother is...

Cope, Arthur Clay

D. Stanley Tarbell.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Organization and Management of Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 885 words.

Cope, Arthur Clay (27 June 1909–04 June 1966), chemistry professor and administrator, was born in Dunreith, Indiana, the son of Everett C. Cope and Jennie Compton, grain storage operators....