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Acid Deposition

Eve-Lyn S. Hinckley.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9328 words.

Acid deposition is one of the major environmental problems of the modern world. This broad term refers to a mix of wet and dry material containing high amounts of primarily nitrogen (N) and...

Acid Deposition

Eve-Lyn S. Hinckley.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9328 words.

Acid deposition is one of the major environmental problems of the modern world. This broad term refers to a mix of wet and dry material containing high amounts of primarily nitrogen (N) and...

Agrochemical Pollutants

Kathleen Bowmer.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9044 words.

Pesticides and fertilizers are widely used in agriculture. They are essential to the production of food and fiber for a growing world population, but they become pollutants when they damage...

Antarctica

Peter Convey.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9211 words.

Antarctica originally formed part of the southern supercontinent, Gondwana, and its fossil record shows that the continent hosted cool temperate and even subtropical forests, dinosaurs,...

Anthropocene

Andrew Goudie.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 8360 words.

The term “Anthropocene” has Greek roots (anthropo meaning “human” and –cene meaning “new”). It is a new term for an older concept, and a great deal of argument concerns how it can be...

Arid Environments

David S.G. Thomas.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9468 words.

Arid environments cover almost half the earth’s land surface and embrace a considerable range of environmental conditions. Terms such as arid, desert, and dryland are commonly used...

Australia’s Environment and Its Management

I.D. Rutherfurd.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 4826 words.

The Southern Hemisphere island continent of Australia (7 million km2) is old, flat, stable, and dry, with a high proportion of endemic biota. The environment of Australia is fundamentally...

Brierly, Sir Oswald Walters (1817–1894), marine painter and naval engineer

Delia Millar.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Drawing and Pastels; Painting; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 1325 words.

Brierly, Sir Oswald Walters (1817–1894), marine painter and naval engineer, was born at Chester on 19 May 1817, the son of Dr Thomas Brierly (d. in or before 1872), a physician and amateur...

Burney, Sir (Charles) Dennistoun, second baronet (1888–1968), marine and aeronautical engineer

W. D. Hackmann.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Mechanical Engineering and Materials; Engineering and Technology; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology. 1411 words.

Burney, Sir (Charles) Dennistoun, second baronet (1888–1968), marine and aeronautical engineer, was born in Bermuda on 28 December 1888, the only son among the three children of Sir Cecil...

Bush Encroachment

Timothy Gordon O'Connor and Nicola Stevens.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 13603 words.

Savannas are a significant biome within the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Australia, North America, South America, and Southeast Asia including India. On a global scale,...

Carbon Dynamics

Asmeret Asefaw Berhe, Chelsea Arnold, Lixia Jin, Michael Kaiser and Rebecca Lever.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 11544 words.

The biogeochemical cycle of carbon (C) in the earth system controls fluxes, pools, and transformations associated with life’s most fundamental element. As the most basic building block for...

Case Studies in Groundwater Contaminant Fate and Transport

Barbara Bekins.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 14647 words.

A case study of groundwater contamination is a detailed study of a single site contaminated with a chemical or mixture that is known to be a problem at many sites. The goal of case studies...

Climate Change and Conflict in Northern Africa

Janpeter Schilling and Lisa Krause.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 13831 words.

Climate change is one of the key challenges the world is facing in the 21st century. Concerns are increasingly raised that climate change might not only undermine the livelihoods of...

Common Pool Resources

Tanya Heikkila and David P. Carter.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 8513 words.

Common pool resources (CPRs) are characterized as resources for which the exclusion of users is difficult (referred to as excludability), and the use of such a resource by one user...

Contaminant Dispersal in the Environment

Roberto Bargagli and Emilia Rota.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 8794 words.

Contaminants are foreign substances or impurities affecting the composition of air, water, soil, and biota and not always creating adverse effects. However, when the term “contamination” is...

Critical Zone

Tim White and Sarah Sharkey.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 5688 words.

The critical zone (CZ), a term coined by the US National Research Council in 2001, encompasses the thin outer veneer of Earth’s surface, extending from the top of the vegetation canopy down...

Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia

Philip M. Fearnside.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 13614 words.

Tropical deforestation represents one of the world’s great environmental problems, and Brazilian Amazonia has particular importance owing to the current rate of forest loss and the vast...

Deltas

Edward J. Anthony.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 16093 words.

River deltas are subaqueous and subaerial coastal accumulations of river-derived sediments adjacent to, or close to, the source river. The word “delta,” however, is used in a more general...

Desert Dust in the Atmosphere

Natalie M. Mahowald.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 6384 words.

Desert dust represents one of the largest sources of aerosols to the atmosphere in terms of mass (see also Atmospheric Composition and Structure). Desert dust particles are mineral soil...

Desert Dust in the Atmosphere

Natalie M. Mahowald.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 6384 words.

Desert dust represents one of the largest sources of aerosols to the atmosphere in terms of mass (see also Atmospheric Composition and Structure). Desert dust particles are mineral soil...