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Allen, Joel Asaph

Keir B. Sterling.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Conservation, Preservation, and Care of Artworks; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1419 words.

Allen, Joel Asaph (19 July 1838–29 August 1921), zoologist and museum official, was born near Springfield, Massachusetts, the son of Joel Allen, a carpenter, housebuilder, and later a...

Anderson, John (1833–1900), zoologist and ethnologist

D. T. Moore.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 905 words.

Anderson, John (1833–1900), zoologist and ethnologist, was born on 4 October 1833 in Edinburgh, the second son of Thomas Anderson, secretary of the National Bank of Scotland, and his wife,...

Anthony, Harold Elmer

Keir B. Sterling.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mammalogy; History of Science and Technology; Conservation, Preservation, and Care of Artworks; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1040 words.

Anthony, Harold Elmer (05 April 1890–29 March 1970), mammalogist, museum curator, and author, was born in Beaverton, Oregon, the son of Alfred Webster Anthony and Anabel Klink. His father,...

Beer, Sir Gavin Rylands de (1899–1972), zoologist and historian

John Young.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 885 words.

Beer, Sir Gavin Rylands de (1899–1972), zoologist and historian, was born on 1 November 1899 at Malden, Surrey, the only son and elder child of Herbert Chaplin de Beer, journalist, and his...

Bloomsbury Circle (act. c. 1904–c. 1940)

Richard Shone.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online April 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Veterinary Medicine. 3348 words.

Bloomsbury Circle (act. c. 1904–c. 1940), was a group of writers, artists, and thinkers who gathered in Bloomsbury and Sussex in the early decades of the twentieth century, and...

Bretherton, Russell Frederick (1906–1991), civil servant and entomologist

William Nicoll.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Entomology; UK Politics; Political Institutions. 1184 words.

Bretherton, Russell Frederick (1906–1991), civil servant and entomologist, was born on 3 February 1906 at Belgrave House, Belgrave Road, Gloucester, the only son of the marriage of...

Chapman, Frank Michler

Keir B. Sterling.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ornithology; Conservation, Preservation, and Care of Artworks; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1452 words.

Chapman, Frank Michler (12 June 1864–15 November 1945), ornithologist and museum curator, was born in Englewood Township, New Jersey, the son of Lebbeus Chapman, Jr., a partner in a New...

Clapp, Cornelia Maria

Elizabeth D. Schafer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Biological Sciences; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 1321 words.

Clapp, Cornelia Maria (17 March 1849–31 December 1934), zoologist, educator, and biologist, was born in Montague, Massachusetts, the daughter of Richard C. Clapp, a teacher and farmer, and...

Clater, Francis (bap. 1754?, d. 1823), farrier and veterinary writer

Sherwin A. Hall.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Veterinary Medicine; Medicine and Health. 648 words.

Clater, Francis (bap. 1754?, d. 1823), farrier and veterinary writer, may have been the son of John and Mary Claytor who was baptized at St Peter's, Nottingham, on 14 April 1754. He...

Clover, Joseph (1725–1811), veterinary surgeon and farrier

Gordon Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Veterinary Medicine. 378 words.

Clover, Joseph (1725–1811), veterinary surgeon and farrier, son of a blacksmith, was born in Norwich on 12 August 1725. He benefited from some early schooling and learned his trade working...

Conder, Peter John (1919–1993), ornithologist and conservationist

Nicholas Hammond.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science); Ornithology. 946 words.

Conder, Peter John (1919–1993), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 20 March 1919 at 81 Thornton Avenue, Streatham, London, the son of John Reynolds Conder, a shipbroker, and his...

Dana, James Dwight

Leonard Warren.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Geology and the Lithosphere. 1301 words.

Dana, James Dwight (12 February 1813–14 April 1895), geologist, zoologist, and teacher, was born in Utica, New York, the son of James Dana, a businessman, and Harriet Dwight. His father was...

Day, Francis (1829–1889), military surgeon and ichthyologist

Peter Davis.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ichthyology and Herpetology; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Surgery. 1124 words.

Day, Francis (1829–1889), military surgeon and ichthyologist, was born on 2 March 1829 at Maresfield, Sussex, the third son of William Day (1797–1849) and his wife, Ann Elliott, née Le...

Dean, Bashford

Elizabeth Noble Shor.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 1158 words.

Dean, Bashford (28 October 1867–06 December 1928), zoologist and expert on ancient armor, was born in New York City, the son of William Dean, a lawyer, and Emma Frances Bashford. At the age...

5. Definitions, types, domains

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 5010 words.

The word “ritual” is used in three different, though related, ways. First, ritual is conceived as a kind of action. Second, ritual is a cultural domain, arena, stage, or field, in and out...

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demand function

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — Economics.

A function showing how the demand for any good or service relates to underlying variables. The ordinary demand function (or Marshallian demand function) depends on income and prices. The...

See overview in Oxford Index

Dick, William (1793–1866), veterinary surgeon and founder of the Edinburgh Veterinary College

J. E. Phillips.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Veterinary Medicine. 1419 words.

Dick, William (1793–1866), veterinary surgeon and founder of the Edinburgh Veterinary College, was born on 6 May 1793 at Whitehorse Close, Canongate, Edinburgh, the second of three children...

Dover, Cedric Cyril (1904–1961), entomologist, anthropologist, and poet

Michael Banton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Entomology; Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Education. 1242 words.

Dover, Cedric Cyril (1904–1961), entomologist, anthropologist, and poet, was born on 11 April 1904 in Calcutta to Eurasian parents, Percy and Sophy Dover. He was a descendant of Colonel...

Edwards, Edward (1803–1879), manufacturer of aquariums

Robert Hunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 224 words.

Edwards, Edward (1803–1879), manufacturer of aquariums, was born on 23 November 1803 at Corwen, Merioneth, where he received his education. He became a draper at Bangor, Caernarvonshire,...

Erzinçlioğlu, (Yahya) Zakaria (1951–2002), forensic entomologist

Henry Disney.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2009; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Entomology; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1013 words.

Erzinçlioğlu, (Yahya) Zakaria (1951–2002), forensic entomologist, was born in London on 30 December 1951, the son of Zakaria Ahmet Erzinçlioğlu and his wife, Kadria Sanna, née Shuhdi. He...