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Abraham Wald

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Economics.

(1902–50; b. Cluj, Romania; d. Travancore, India)

Hungarian geometer and statistician. Wald gained his PhD in geometry in 1931 from U Vienna. In 1938, on the Nazi seizure of...

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Acland, James (1799–1876)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Probability and Statistics. 8 words.

See McCalmont, Frederick Haynes

Anti-Corn Law League

Argyle, Jesse William (1859–1924), social investigator and statistician

Rosemary O'Day.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Sociology; Education; Probability and Statistics. 934 words.

Argyle, Jesse William (1859–1924), social investigator and statistician, was born at 7 Argyle Road, Mile End, London, on 4 September 1859, the elder of two sons of Jesse Smith Argyle...

Ayres, Leonard Porter

Mary B. Stavish.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Probability and Statistics; Economics. 1150 words.

Ayres, Leonard Porter (15 September 1879–29 October 1946), educator, statistician, and economist, was born in Niantic, Connecticut, the son of Milan Church Ayres and Georgiana Gall. His...

Babson, Roger Ward

Clifford Putney.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Banking; Probability and Statistics. 1115 words.

Babson, Roger Ward (06 July 1875–05 March 1967), businessman, author, and philanthropist, was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, the son of Nathaniel Babson, a dry-goods merchant and...

Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician

E. J. Feuchtwanger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Theory; Probability and Statistics. 822 words.

Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician, was born on 3 February 1827 at Doncaster, the son of Robert Baxter, of Stoke Golding, Leicestershire, and of the firm...

BLUE

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Probability and Statistics.

(best linear unbiased estimator)

An estimator that is unbiased, is formed from a linear combination of the observations, and has the smallest variance of all such estimators.

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Boreham, Sir (Arthur) John (1925–1994), statistician and civil servant

Arthur Green.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Probability and Statistics. 562 words.

Boreham, Sir (Arthur) John (1925–1994), statistician and civil servant, was born on 30 July 1925 at Noddon, Beacon Hill, Hindhead, Surrey, the second surviving son of the Ven. Frederick...

Box–Cox transformation

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Economics.

A transformation to normality suggested by Box and Sir David Cox in 1964. They proposed a family of transformations that might be used to convert a general set of n observations into a set...

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Box–Jenkins approach

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Economics.

A method of identification, estimation, and diagnostic checking of autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models. First, sample autocorrelation coefficients and partial...

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Brass, William [Bill] (1921–1999), demographer and statistician

David Coleman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social Sciences; Probability and Statistics. 1462 words.

Brass, William [Bill] (1921–1999), demographer and statistician, was born in Edinburgh on 5 September 1921, the only son and second of the three children of John Brass (1892–1962),...

Brown, Samuel (1811–1875), actuary and statistician

Cornelius Walford.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Probability and Statistics; Insurance. 362 words.

Brown, Samuel (1811–1875), actuary and statistician, was born in London on 24 March 1811, the second son in the family of five sons and two daughters of John Aquila Brown (d. 1830), a...

Cleland, James (1770–1840), statistician and civic administrator

Stana Nenadic.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Probability and Statistics. 593 words.

Cleland, James (1770–1840), statistician and civic administrator, was born in Glasgow on 28 January 1770 and spent his early career as a cabinet-maker in his father's firm. He was educated...

continuous random variable

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Economics.

A random variable is said to be continuous or have a continuous distribution if it can assume any value from a continuous range. The range can be infinite. The cumulative distribution...

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cube law

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Politics.

An empirical law relating to the outcome of two-party multiple constituency elections. It states that if the votes gained by the parties are in the ratio p to (1-p), then the numbers of...

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Data-adaptive harmonic decomposition and prediction of Arctic sea ice extent

Dmitri Kondrashov, Mickaël D Chekroun and Michael Ghil.

in Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System

P ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Bayesian Statistics; Physics; Climate Change. 11439 words.

Abstract

Decline in the Arctic sea ice extent (SIE) is an area of active scientific research with profound socio-economic implications. Of particular interest...

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Devons, Ely (1913–1967), statistician and economist

Alec Cairncross.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Probability and Statistics; Economics. 1108 words.

Devons, Ely (1913–1967), statistician and economist, was born in Bangor, north Wales, on 29 July 1913, the second eldest in a family of three boys and three girls of David Isaac Devons, a...

Dickey–Fuller test

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Economics.

A test of the null hypothesis that a stochastic process is a random walk (possibly with drift and/or deterministic trend) against the alternative that it is stationary, under the assumption...

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discrete random variable

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Probability and Statistics.

A random variable is said to be discrete or have a discrete distribution if the set of its possible values is discrete, finite, or countably infinite. The cumulative distribution function...

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Dorchester, Daniel

Robert D. Cross.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Probability and Statistics. 1066 words.

Dorchester, Daniel (11 March 1827–13 March 1907), Methodist clergyman and statistician of American church history, was born in Duxbury, Massachusetts, the son of the Reverend Daniel...