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Academic Integrity

Tracey Bretag.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Business Ethics. 12093 words.

Academic integrity is an interdisciplinary concept that provides the foundation for every aspect and all levels of education. The term evokes strong emotions in teachers, researchers, and...

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The Adaptive Organization and Fast-Slow Systems

Torben Juul Andersen and Carina Antonia Hallin.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 8817 words.

Contemporary organizations operate under turbulent business conditions and must adapt their strategies to ongoing changes. Sustainable performance can be achieved when the organization...

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Appropriation of Value from Competitive Advantages

Andy El-Zayaty and Russell Coff.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Knowledge Management. 8256 words.

Many discussions of the creation and appropriation of value stop at the firm level. Imperfections in the market allow for a firm to gain competitive advantage, thereby appropriating rents...

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Assessing the State of Top Management Teams Research

Steven A. Stewart and Allen C. Amason.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Operations Management. 9676 words.

Since the earliest days of strategic management research, scholars have sought to measure and model the effects of top managers on organizational performance. A watershed moment in this...

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Business Groups as an Organizational Model

Asli M. Colpan and Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Business History; International Business; Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 6559 words.

Business groups are an organizational model in which collections of legally independent firms bounded together with formal and informal ties use collaborative arrangements to enhance their...

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Corporate Governance in Business and Management

Erik E. Lehmann.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Accounting; Business and Management; Strategic Management; Entrepreneurship; Corporate Governance; Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 19430 words.

Corporate governance is a recent concept that encompasses the costs caused by managerial misbehavior. It is concerned with how organizations in general, and corporations in particular,...

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Dynamic Managerial Capabilities

Véronique Ambrosini and Gulsun Altintas.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online June 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management. 7324 words.

Dynamic managerial capabilities are a form of dynamic capabilities. They are concerned with the role of managers in refreshing and transforming the resource base of the firm so that it...

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Executive Severance Agreements: Making Sense of an Emerging, Yet Fragmented, Research Field

Felice B. Klein, Kevin McSweeney, Cynthia E. Devers, Gerry McNamara and Spenser Blosser.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online October 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Corporate Governance; Human Resource Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 6184 words.

Scholars have devoted significant attention to understanding the determinants and consequences of executive compensation. Yet, one form of compensation, executive severance agreements, has...

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Managing Surface-Level Diversity as a Business Imperative

Jacqueline A. Gilbert.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Corporate Social Responsibility. 8155 words.

Organizational diversity is regarded positively, but haphazardly embraced. The absence of a cultural mandate at work (one which includes an emphasis on managing differences) can result in...

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Mergers and Acquisitions

Paulina Junni and Satu Teerikangas.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management. 14873 words.

There are many types of mergers and acquisitions (M&A), be they a minority acquisition to explore a potential high growth emerging market, a takeover of a financially distressed firm with...

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The New Public Management and Public Management Studies

Ewan Ferlie.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management. 10530 words.

The New Public Management (NPM) is a major and sustained development in the management of public services that is evident in some major countries. Its rise is often linked to broader...

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Product and Innovation Portfolio Management

Vinícius Chagas Brasil and J.P. Eggers.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Marketing; Operations Management; Knowledge Management. 11910 words.

In competitive strategy, firms manage two primary (non-financial) portfolios—the product portfolio and the innovation portfolio. Portfolio management involves resource allocation to balance...

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Regulatory Shocks: Forms, Dynamics, and Consequences

Nydia MacGregor and Tammy L. Madsen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Entrepreneurship. 7369 words.

Regulatory shocks, either by imposing regulations or easing them (deregulation), yield abrupt and fundamental changes to the institutional rules governing competition and, in turn, the...

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The Resource-Based View of the Firm

Douglas Miller.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management. 8549 words.

The Resource-Based View of the firm (RBV) is a set of related theories sharing the assumptions of resource heterogeneity and resource immobility across firms. In this view, a firm is a...

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Restructuring and Divestitures

Donald D. Bergh.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management. 11911 words.

Growth strategies have long been a priority for executive leadership. However, growth can also create problems. Leaders may need to use restructuring and divestiture actions to regain...

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The Role of the Media in Corporate Governance

Michael K. Bednar.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 7627 words.

Corporate governance scholars have long been interested in understanding the mechanisms through which firms and their leaders are held accountable for their actions. Recently, there has...

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Strategic Flexibility and Competitive Advantage

Kathryn Rudie Harrigan.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Operations Management. 10214 words.

Concerns regarding strategic flexibility arose from companies’ need to survive excess capacity and flagging sales in the face of previously unforeseen competitive conditions. Strategic...

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Strategic Groups in Business

Briance Mascarenhas and Megan Mascarenhas.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Entrepreneurship. 7211 words.

A strategic group is defined as a set of firms within an industry pursuing a similar strategy. The strategic group concept emerged with much promise over 40 years ago. Research on strategic...

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Strategic Planning in the Public Sector

John Bryson and Lauren Hamilton Edwards.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Decision Making; Innovation; Corporate Social Responsibility; Knowledge Management. 11156 words.

Strategic planning has become a fairly routine and common practice at all levels of government in the United States and elsewhere. It can be part of the broader practice of strategic...

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Transaction Cost Economics as a Theory of the Firm, Management, and Governance

Mikko Ketokivi and Joseph T. Mahoney.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management

P ublished online October 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Strategic Management; Operations Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 10573 words.

Which components should a manufacturing firm make in-house, which should it co-produce, and which should it outsource? Who should sit on the firm’s board of directors? What is the right...

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