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You are looking at 1-20 of 73 items for:

Social Sciences x Crime Prevention x clear all

Antisocial Behavior

Michael Tonry and Harriet Bildsten.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 8668 words.

This article discusses antisocial behavior orders (ASBOs) in England and Wales and recent U.S. policies based on the broken windows hypothesis. The broken windows hypothesis and its policy...

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Auto Theft

Michael Cherbonneau and Richard Wright.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Property Crime; Crime Prevention. 12675 words.

This article reviews our current knowledge about automobile theft. It defines crime and outlines its prevalence. It further examines the social and economic consequences of auto theft and...

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Body Cameras and Policing

Bryce Elling Peterson and Daniel S. Lawrence.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Policing; Crime Prevention. 12300 words.

Body-worn cameras (BWCs) are small devices that police officers can affix to their person—in a head-, shoulder-, or chest-mounted position—that can audio and video record their interactions...

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Burglary

Wim Bernasco.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Property Crime; Crime Prevention. 10415 words.

This article addresses burglary in various countries and jurisdictions, in criminal law as well as in victimization survey questions. It discusses victims, offenders, and the police as...

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Child Social Skills Training in the Prevention of Antisocial Development and Crime

Friedrich Lösel and Doris Bender.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 12618 words.

This article studies child social skills training, which can be easily implemented by teachers in schools or preschools. This training aims to prevent antisocial development in children,...

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Community-Based Organizations and Crime Prevention

Tim Goddard and Andrea Headley.

P ublished online June 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 10273 words.

Community-based organizations have proliferated throughout Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Undergirded by the neoliberal privatization of turning social policy...

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Community-Based Substance Use Prevention

Abigail A. Fagan and J. David Hawkins.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention; Drugs Trade. 8746 words.

This article analyzes scientific evidence on the effectiveness of strategies aimed at preventing substance use within the community. It considers the potential of community-based devices to...

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Community-Level Influences on Crime and Offending

Steven F. Messner and Gregory M. Zimmerman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 7840 words.

This article discusses community-level influences on offending and crime. It shows how the general ecological model can help understand the spatial distributions of patterns of urban...

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Comprehensive Community Partnerships for Preventing Crime

Dennis P. Rosenbaum and Amie M. Schuck.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 9751 words.

This article studies comprehensive community initiatives to prevent violence, crime, and drug abuse. It focuses on the role of partnerships or coalitions as the main tool for imagining,...

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Crime and Criminal Justice

Michael Tonry.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 8534 words.

This article provides an overview of the American criminal justice system. Section I discusses patterns of crime and victimization rates and trends since the 1960s and 1970s. The most...

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Crime and Public Policy

Michael Tonry.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 8381 words.

This introduction to the book starts by defining crime. It explains that cross-national agreement about what should and should not be considered as criminal is narrower than is sometimes...

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Crime Displacement and Diffusion of Benefits

Shane D. Johnson, Rob T. Guerette and Kate J. Bowers.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 6720 words.

This article reviews the research concerned with crime displacement. It summarizes previous reviews on crime displacement and describes the search strategy used to identify studies for...

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Crime Hot Spots

David Weisburd and Sean Wire.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime; Policing; Crime Prevention. 7414 words.

Hot spots of crime, and the criminology of place more generally, deviate from the traditional paradigm of criminology, in which the primary assumption and goal is to explain who is likely...

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Crime Policy and Welfare Policy

Carina Gallo and Mimi E. Kim.

P ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 10348 words.

This essay provides a synthesis of criminological and social welfare theoretical frameworks, along with empirical data illuminating the links between crime policy and welfare policy. It...

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Crime Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 13555 words.

This article provides a comprehensive overview of research on and key issues facing crime prevention. Section I summarizes the main ways of classifying or organizing crime prevention...

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Crime Prevention and Public Policy

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 7449 words.

This article introduces crime prevention, which often refers to the attempts to prevent crime or criminal offending before the actual act has been committed. It studies four main crime...

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Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

Rachel Armitage.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 12628 words.

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is an approach to crime reduction that seeks to reduce perceived opportunities for crime through the design and management of the built...

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Crime Science

Ella Cockbain and Gloria Laycock.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 12911 words.

Crime science (or more accurately crime and security science) has three core tenets:

• the application of scientific methods

• the study of crime and...

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The Dark Side of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)

Paul Cozens and Terence Love.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 10694 words.

This chapter provides an overview of the principles of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED). The paper focuses on the “dark side” of CPTED, a relatively underreported...

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Defensible Space

Robert I. Mawby.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 11150 words.

While the term “defensible space” is widely referenced in literature on situational crime pre vention and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, it is commonly mentioned in passing,...

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