Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 36 items for:

Social Sciences x Dimensions of Crime x clear all

Big Data and the Study of Communities and Crime

Daniel T. O'Brien.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 12325 words.

In recent years, a variety of novel digital data sources, colloquially referred to as “big data,” have taken the popular imagination by storm. These data sources include, but are not...

Go to »  abstract

Correctional Programming and Gender

Gina Fedock and Stephanie S. Covington.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections; Dimensions of Crime. 11880 words.

As the number of women under correctional supervision continues to increase in the United States, attention to gender within correctional programming is crucial as women offenders present...

Go to »  abstract

Crime, Diversity, Culture, and Cultural Defense

Clara Rigoni.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Critical Criminology; Dimensions of Crime. 13189 words.

Contemporary societies are culturally diverse. This diversity can be the result of different historical and social processes and might affect the uniformity and efficiency of criminal...

Go to »  abstract

Crime Hot Spots

David Weisburd and Sean Wire.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime; Policing; Crime Prevention. 7414 words.

Hot spots of crime, and the criminology of place more generally, deviate from the traditional paradigm of criminology, in which the primary assumption and goal is to explain who is likely...

Go to »  abstract

The Death Penalty in the 21st Century

Daniel LaChance.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Dimensions of Crime; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Penology and Punishment. 12673 words.

The dawn of the 21st century marked a turning point in the history of the American death penalty. Politically, the death penalty seemed vulnerable. A wave of abolitionism not seen since the...

Go to »  abstract

Examining the School-to-Prison Pipeline Metaphor

Kayla Crawley and Paul Hirschfield.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Dimensions of Crime. 10455 words.

The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) is a commonly used metaphor that was developed to describe the many ways in which schools have become a conduit to the juvenile and criminal justice...

Go to »  abstract

Family Violence

Tara E. Sutton and Leslie Gordon Simons.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology; Dimensions of Crime. 18108 words.

Family violence encompasses a broad range of maltreatment types between family members including physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, as well as neglect and financial exploitation....

Go to »  abstract

Gender and Community-Based Correctional Programs for Women

Nicole Kaufman.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections; Critical Criminology; Dimensions of Crime. 12472 words.

In the contemporary era of “tough on crime” policies and the globalized drug war, the number of women in the criminal justice system has increased across several countries. Women’s...

Go to »  abstract

Gender and Gang Involvement

Dana Peterson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Dimensions of Crime. 23674 words.

Sex and gender are often conflated, but there are important distinctions between the two. This is true also with terms related to gender identity, including masculinities and femininities o...

Go to »  abstract

Gender and Punishment

Lynne Haney and Lili Dao.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections; Dimensions of Crime; Penology and Punishment. 12960 words.

In many respects, gender has been missing from the enormous literature on the form and focus of state systems of punishment. This is true in both the historical accounts on shifts in penal...

Go to »  abstract

Global Security Surveillance

Keith Guzik and Gary T. Marx.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime; Dimensions of Crime; International and Comparative Criminology. 12014 words.

Recent literature at the intersections of surveillance, security, and globalization trace the contours of global security surveillance (GSS), a distinct form of social control that combines...

Go to »  abstract

The History of Gangs and Gang Research

Mark S. Fleisher.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online November 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Dimensions of Crime. 6862 words.

Radical culture change instigated by conflict among diverse cultural groups has had adverse social and psychological effects witnessed by the rise of youth gangs. A close look at the...

Go to »  abstract

Image-Based Sexual Abuse

Asher Flynn and Nicola Henry.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime; Criminology. 10137 words.

Image-based sexual abuse (IBSA) is a form of technology-facilitated sexual violence. The term describes a pattern of behaviors involving the nonconsensual creation, distribution, or threats...

Go to »  abstract

Immigration and Crime

Frances Bernat.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; International and Comparative Criminology; Crime Prevention; Criminology; Dimensions of Crime. 15205 words.

In the context of crime, victimization, and immigration in the United States, research shows that people are afraid of immigrants because they think immigrants are a threat to their safety...

Go to »  abstract

Intimate Partner Violence

Emily Wright and Brandon Valgardson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime. 12507 words.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious problem that affects many individuals and crosses national borders, religions, gender, sexual orientation, racial, and ethnic groups (Harvey,...

Go to »  abstract

Journalistic Depictions of Violence against Women in India

Meenakshi Gigi Durham.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Dimensions of Crime. 6344 words.

News narratives of violence against women in India are part of a larger discourse of Orientalism that began in the nascent years of the British Raj and continues into the present; these...

Go to »  abstract

Laws of Geography

Michael Leitner, Philip Glasner and Ourania Kounadi.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime; Dimensions of Crime. 9339 words.

The most prominent law in geography is Tobler’s first law (TFL) of geography, which states that “everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant...

Go to »  abstract

Lethal Violence: A Global View on Homicide

Dietrich Oberwittler.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Dimensions of Crime; International and Comparative Criminology. 17810 words.

As the most serious crime, homicide is both relevant and suitable for cross-national comparisons. The global homicide rate of ca. 6 per 100,000 people is an average of hugely diverging...

Go to »  abstract

Making Gender-Responsive Programming More Queer Responsive

Lindsay L. Kahle and Jill Rosenbaum.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime. 7370 words.

The emergence of feminist criminology several decades ago heralded the creation of theoretical and justice-involved spaces that are specifically centered and tailored to the unique needs of...

Go to »  abstract

Moving From Inequality: Housing Vouchers and Escaping Neighborhood Crime

Michael Lens.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime. 7846 words.

The Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Program is the largest housing subsidy program in the United States, serving over 2.2 million households. Through the program, local public housing...

Go to »  abstract