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Advances in Visualization for Theory Testing in Environmental Criminology

Patricia L. Brantingham, Paul J. Brantingham, Justin Song and Valerie Spicer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime. 12471 words.

This chapter discusses advances in visualization for environmental criminology. The environment within which people move has many dimensions that influence or constrain decisions and...

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Case Study

Sara K. Thompson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; International and Comparative Criminology; Measurement of Crime; Violent Crime. 10030 words.

Most criminological theory and research on the black homicide victimization is grounded in the American context, which raises important generalizability issues given the exceptional level...

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Computer Simulations

Daniel Birks.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime; Theories of Crime. 12418 words.

In recent years, the field of social simulation has been dominated by the individual, or agent-based, computational model (ABM). ABMs provide unique means to explore complex social systems...

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Crime Trends

Eric Baumer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Measurement of Crime; Violent Crime; Property Crime. 14791 words.

This article discusses key methodological issues that are germane to understanding some of the parameters for developing a sound knowledge base on temporal crime patterns. It then surveys...

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Deciding on the “Appropriate” Unit of Analysis

Brian Lawton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime. 4903 words.

One of the primary decisions of any research endeavor is to identify where the information necessary for successfully completing the study is going to come from. In traditional...

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Egohoods

John R. Hipp and Christopher J. Bates.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime. 12726 words.

This chapter focuses on a different conception of ecological space known as egohoods. It motivates the use of egohoods regarding the three features of routine activities theory: suitable...

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Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration in the United States Crimes By and Against Immigrants

Jacob Stowell and Stephanie DiPietro.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

January 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Measurement of Crime. 10432 words.

Despite a substantial increase in scholarly attention to immigration and crime at both individual and aggregate levels, important gaps in knowledge remain. Much work has focused on the...

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Exploring the methods behind sexual violence estimates

Bonnie S. Fisher and Heidi L. Scherer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sex Offences and Sex Offenders

January 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 9212 words.

This essay documents the innovations that have been made to improve measuring the scope and dimensions of sexual violence over the last four decades. How sexual violence has been defined...

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Four Images of the Delinquency Area

Marcus Felson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime. 4238 words.

This chapter sorts out some of the ideas that are sometimes mixed together under the rubric of “social disorganization.” It argues that (1) social disorganization is really not an...

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GIS and Spatial Analysis

Martin Andresen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime. 7952 words.

The importance of spatial-temporal dimension(s) within environmental criminology has made the use and applications of geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial analysis rather...

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Heterogeneity in Delinquency

Alex R. Piquero and Douglas B. Weiss.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Measurement of Crime. 7437 words.

This article gives an overview of the heterogeneity observed in delinquency and criminal careers. It begins with a discussion of the classic age–crime relationship, which has formed the...

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Immigrants and Their Children

Luca Berardi and Sandra Bucerius.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

January 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Measurement of Crime. 15738 words.

The literature on generational differences in crime and victimization in the United States and Western Europe reveals striking variations in patterns within and across racial and ethnic...

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Juvenile Delinquents and Juvenile Justice Clientele

Howard N. Snyder.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Measurement of Crime. 10443 words.

This article presents an empirically based profile of the law violating behavior of youth and the juvenile justice system's response to such behaviors over the last generation. It begins...

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Latino/Hispanic Immigration and Crime

Ramiro Martinez and Kimberly Mehlman-Orozco.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

January 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Measurement of Crime. 7463 words.

Recent population changes, public anxieties, and political concerns about foreign-born newcomers have brought studies of immigration and crime to the forefront of criminological theory,...

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Once Bitten, Twice Shy: Repeat Victimization and its Prevention

Louise Grove and Graham Farrell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Measurement of Crime; Crime Prevention. 5924 words.

This article introduces the concept of repeat victimization, which is defined as the repeated criminal victimization of a person, business, place, vehicle, household, etc. Four decades...

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Racial and Ethnic Patterns in Criminality and Victimization

Toya Like-Haislip.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

January 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Measurement of Crime. 12704 words.

Despite the serious policy implications of research on the influence of race and ethnicity on crime, definitions and measurements of these constructs vary across the major sources of crime...

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The Role of Innovative Data Collection Methods in Advancing Criminological Understanding

Reka Solymosi and Kate J. Bowers.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime. 12917 words.

Environmental criminology emphasizes the importance of situational factors associated with increased risk in terms of crime opportunities. One branch of research in this field is oriented...

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Studying Situational Effects of Setting Characteristics

Frank M. Weerman, Evelien Hoeben, Wim Bernasco, Lieven J. R. Pauwels and Gerben J.N. Bruinsma.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime; Theories of Crime. 13232 words.

This chapter addresses methods to study situational influences of setting characteristics on adolescent offending. In particular, it describes data collection methods (space-time budget...

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Victimization Surveys

Ben Bradford and Sarah MacQueen.

P ublished online August 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime. 13883 words.

This chapter considers the history, development, and uses of crime victimization surveys. Offering a wide view of the topic at hand, discussion ranges from the historical development and...

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Victimization Surveys in Environmental Criminology

Andromachi Tseloni, Nick Tilley and Graham Farrell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime. 7912 words.

This chapter provides examples of the ways in which victimization surveys have been used in environmental criminology to identify spatial distributions of crime and to test and refine...

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