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Anomie Theory

Jón Gunnar Bernburg.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Theories of Crime. 11866 words.

Originating in the tradition of classical sociology (Durkheim, Merton), anomie theory posits how broad social conditions influence deviant behavior and crime. The French sociologist Émile...

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The Appeal of the Crime Genre

Gray Cavender and Nancy C. Jurik.

P ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime. 8614 words.

This chapter provides an overview of the longevity and popular appeal of the crime genre and its relevance to the field of criminology. In our discussion we include such media as novels,...

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Back to Basics

Richard B. Felson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

May 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 10312 words.

This essay suggests that activist rhetoric and imprecise language should be discarded when studying gender and violence. Violence against women should be compared to violence against men...

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Biology and Crime

Melissa Peskin, Yu Gao, Andrea L. Glenn, Anna Rudo-Hutt, Yaling Yang and Adrian Raine.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 7974 words.

Numerous studies carried out over the past two decades suggest that several biological risk factors significantly increase the likelihood for people to commit crime and violence across the...

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Biosocial Criminology and Models of Criminal Decision Making

Kyle Treiber.

in The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 16527 words.

This chapter explores how integrating the science of criminal decision making and contemporary biosocial criminology can benefit our understanding of why people make criminal action...

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Biosocial Theories in Criminology

Jessica Wells and Anthony Walsh.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Theories of Crime. 12695 words.

While the roots of criminology largely lie in sociological explanations for crime and delinquency, a resurgence has begun wherein human behavior is explained as a product of both...

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Change in Offending across the Life Course

Christopher J. Sullivan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 9469 words.

Over the past twenty years, the developmental, life-course framework has emerged as an important means of understanding crime and delinquency. A number of studies tend to focus more on...

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The Characteristics of Illegal Markets

Matías Dewey.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology. 9842 words.

The phenomenon of illegal markets is pervasive. The circulation of illegal goods and services reaches all social segments, crosses national boundaries, and produces enormous revenues....

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Choosing Street Crime

Richard Wright and Volkan Topalli.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime; Violent Crime. 7066 words.

People who commit burglary, robbery, carjacking, and other serious predatory street crimes are disproportionately young, poor, and male. Notwithstanding the strong link between these...

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Choosing White-Collar Crime

Neal Shover, Andy Hochstetler and Tage Alalehto.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime; Corporate Crime. 8091 words.

In Western countries such as the United States, crime is viewed as chosen behavior. This assumption emerged as the dominant theoretical underpinning of crime control policy-making in the...

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The Code of the Suburb and Drug Dealing

Scott Jacques and Richard Wright.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime; Drugs Trade. 6534 words.

High rates of violence are characteristic of many urban drug markets because the individuals therein abide by a set of informal rules known as the code of the street. This code governs...

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Coercion and Crime

Thomas Vander Ven and Mark Colvin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 8175 words.

This article explores the link between coercion and crime and how this link has evolved. It also presents five propositions relating coercion to crime. First, coercion is a primary...

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Coercive Mobility

Natasha A. Frost and Todd R. Clear.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 8165 words.

Using Robert J. Bursik and Harold G. Grasmick's re-specification of social disorganization theory as systemic theory, Dina R. Rose and Todd R. Clear showed how high levels of incarceration,...

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Community, Inequality, and Crime

Graham C. Ousey and Matthew R. Lee.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 7572 words.

One of the most exciting developments in the field of criminology is the emergence of studies that seek to explain variation in crime rates across aggregate social communities. These...

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Computer Simulations

Daniel Birks.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime; Theories of Crime. 12418 words.

In recent years, the field of social simulation has been dominated by the individual, or agent-based, computational model (ABM). ABMs provide unique means to explore complex social systems...

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Conservation Criminology, Environmental Crime, and Risk

Edmund F. McGarrell and Carole Gibbs.

P ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime. 11315 words.

Conservation criminology emerges from the environmental movement and the development of green criminology as a subfield within criminology. Conservation criminology builds on this...

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Contemporary Gang Ethnographies

Scott H. Decker and David C. Pyrooz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime; Violent Crime. 9277 words.

Until the middle of the twentieth century, research on gangs was ethnographic in nature, with a strong journalistic approach. However, there has been a shift in the ethnographic study of...

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Contested Spaces

Per Jørgen Ystehede.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice

May 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 6900 words.

This article provides an outline of the history of crime museums, monuments, and crime memorials and suggests how these can be understood as historical, social, and cultural phenomena....

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Continuity and Change

Sharon A. Kowalsky.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice

May 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 8106 words.

The Bolshevik takeover of Russia in 1917 initiated a major transformation of the position of women in Russian society as a result of its stress on universal contribution to economic...

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Control Balance Theory

Charles R. Tittle.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime. 10290 words.

Control balance theory (CBT) was developed in the mid-1990s, primarily to illustrate a particular method for building integrated theory and to show how general theories are useful in...

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